Firenze Basilica di San Lorenzo1


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The Basilica di San Lorenzo (Basilica of St Lawrence) is one of the largest churches of Florence, situated at the centre of the city’s main market district, and the burial place of all the principal members of the Medici family from Cosimo il Vecchio to Cosimo III.

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Firenze Basilica di San Lorenzo1

  1. 1.
  2. 2. The Basilica di San Lorenzo is one of thelargest churches of Florence, Italy,situated at the centre of the city’s mainmarket district, and the burial place of allthe principal members of the Medicifamily from Cosimo il Vecchio to CosimoIII. It is one of several churches that claimto be the oldest in Florence; when it wasconsecrated in 393 it stood outside thecity walls. For three hundred years it wasthe citys cathedral before the official seatof the bishop was transferred to SantaReparata. San Lorenzo was also theparish church of the Medici family.
  3. 3. Lodovico de Medici also known asGiovanni dalle Bande Nere (1498 –1526)was an Italian condottiero, father ofCosimo (1519–1574 the Grand Duke ofFlorence
  4. 4. As a symbol of mourning forthe death of Pope Leo X(December 1, 1521), Giovanniadded black stripes to hisinsignia, whence comes hisnick-name, Giovanni dalleBande Nere (or Giovanni ofthe Black Bands).
  5. 5. San Lorenzo market is thelargest and most popular ofthe street markets inFlorence, where you can getsome of the best shoebargains in town
  6. 6. The cloister
  7. 7. In 1419,Giovanni di Biccide Medicioffered tofinance a newchurch toreplace the 11th-centuryRomanesquerebuilding.
  8. 8. Filippo Brunelleschi, theleading Renaissancearchitect of the first half ofthe 15th century, wascommissioned to design it,but the building, withalterations, was notcompleted until after hisdeath. The church is part ofa larger monastic complexthat contains otherimportant architecturalworks: the Old Sacristy byBrunelleschi; the LaurentianLibrary by Michelangelo;the New Sacristy based onMichelangelos designs;and the Medici Chapels byMatteo Nigetti.
  9. 9. Rosso Fiorentino, Sposalizio della Vergine (Marriage of the Virgin) 1523
  10. 10. Agnolo Bronzino (1503-72) The Martyrdom of St. LawrenceThis is one of the last works painted by Bronzino, and it combines all ofthe characteristic features of the Mannerist artists. Note in particularthe rather bored attitude of the saint who is being roasted on a grill!On the left, beneath the statue of Mercury, Bronzino painted a self-portrait, along with the portrait of his teacher, Pontormo, andBronzinos most successful pupil, Alessandro Allori.
  11. 11. From 1428 to about 1443 Donatello was at work on the sculpturaldecoration of the Old Sacristy of San Lorenzo, built by Brunelleschibetween 1418 and 1428. This decoration, carried out with bronzesand polychrome stuccos comprises two arched reliefs above thebronze doors of the altar wall, one showing St Cosmas and StDamian, the other St Stephen and St Lawrence, eight roundels inpolychrome stucco with the four Evangelists and four episodesfrom the life of St John (St John on Patmos, the Resurrection ofDrusiana, the Martyrdom and the Ascension of St John), and twobronze doors divided into ten compartments each with the Apostlesand Martyrs.
  12. 12. Near the altar are twobronze pulpits, createdby Donatello. It was hislast work. After he diedin 1466 the pulpits werecompleted by hisstudents.
  13. 13. ThePassionPulpitChristinGethsemane
  14. 14. During the last yearsof his life, as long ashe was still capable,Donatello appears tohave continued workon the pulpits of SanLorenzo. There aremany open questionsregarding theauthorship and theoriginal purpose of theindividual relief panels.However, the pulpitsare anotherpassionate example ofthe singular art ofDonatello. here wefind all the typicalcharacteristics andparticular features thatwere hallmarks of themasters earlier works.The Resurrection Pulpit
  15. 15. Due to its iconography- including reliefs ofChrist in Limbo, theResurrection, theAscension of Christ,the Women at theTomb, the Miracle ofPentecost and theMartyrdom of StLawrence - thenorthern pulpit isknown as theResurrection Pulpit.The southern pulpit,known as PassionPulpit, containsdepictions of theFlagellation, St Johnthe Evangelist, Christin Gethsemane, Christbefore Caiaphas andPilate, as well as theCrucifixion, Depositionof Christ and Burial ofChrist.The Passion Pulpit
  16. 16. The Burial of Christ
  17. 17. The cloister, built in1462 by Manetti, has aformal garden plantedwith hedges andpomegranates.From here you canreach the Medici library,also known as theBibliotheca Laurenzianaor Laurentian Library.
  18. 18. The Sagrestia Vecchia, or Old Sacristy, is a Christian building in Florence, one of themost important monuments of the early Italian Renaissance architecture. It isaccessed from the inside of San Lorenzo off the left transept. Designed by FilippoBrunelleschi and paid for by the Medici family, who also used it for their tombs,
  19. 19. The Sagrestia Vecchia, or Old Sacristy, Donatello doors details
  20. 20. The dome’s frescoes show theconstellations visible in the night sky,showing the route of the sun between theconstellations on July 4th 1442July 4th, 1442 was an important date inFlorentine history: the day that Rened’Anjou entered Florence.Rene d’Anjou, the King of Naples, was theone who convinced Cosimo de’ Medicito open the first public library in all ofEurope, and to have the University teachGreek. This opened the minds of thepublic to Greek concepts of life.
  21. 21. Sound: Andrea Bocelli - Se La Gente Usasse Il CuoreText: InternetPictures: Daniela IacobAndrei TischlerInternetCopyright: All the images belong to their authorsPresentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş