http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-2153797-ethiopia25/
Gondar is a town founded in 1636 by the great Emperor
Fassiladas, serving as the royal capital of Ethiopia for
over 230 ye...
Fasil Ghebbi,
Gondar Region,
are the remains
of a fortress-city
that was the
residence of the
Ethiopian
emperor Fasilides
...
Fasilides Castle. Built in 1640 as the home of King Fasilides
Until the 16th century, the
Solomonic Emperors of
Ethiopia usually had no fixed
capital, instead living in tents
in tempor...
Gondar was founded by Emperor Fasilides around the year 1635, and grew as an
agricultural and market town. Tradition state...
After choosing Gondar as capital, Emperor Fasiladas constructed a Royal Enclosure that covered 75,000 square metres,
and c...
Almost completely restored with the help of UNESCO the Palace of
Fasiladas is the Royal Enclosure's oldest and most impres...
The two-storey palace stands 32m tall and has a crenulated parapet and four domed towers. Made of roughly hewn stones,
it'...
Palace of Fasilidas (1632-1667)
Fasilides Castle. Built in 1640 as the home of King Fasilides
The town served
as Ethiopia's
capital until
Tewodros II
moved the
Imperial capital to
Magadala upon
being crowned
Emperor ...
Abdallahi ibn
Muhammad
sacked Gondar
when he invaded
Ethiopia June
1887. Gondar
was ravaged
again in 23
January in the
nex...
Unlike any other buildings in Abyssinia, the
castles and palaces of Gondar resemble, with
some modifications, the medieval...
The Portuguese were
expelled by Fasilidas, but
his castle was built, by
Indian workmen, under the
superintendence of
Abyss...
The main floor was used as a dining hall and formal reception area; note the recessed Star of David above several doorways...
The most extensive ruins are a group of royal buildings enclosed in a wall. These ruins include the palace of Emperor Iyas...
Fasil Ghebbi served as the
home of Ethiopia's emperors
in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Its unique architecture shows
diver...
King Adiam Seghed
Iyasu's Castle
(1682-1706)
was bombed by the
British
Iyasu the Great of Ethiopia 1682–1706
King Adiam Seghed Iyasu's
Castle (1682-1706)
King Adiam Seghed Iyasu's Castle (1682-1706)
King Adiam Seghed Iyasu's Castle (1682-1706)
Palace of Iyasu I, left, Fasilides' Castle and Library of Emperor Yohannes
Library of Emperor Yohannes I and Fasilides' Castle
Library of Emperor Yohannes
I. Emperor Yohannes I was
the fourth son of Emperor
Fasilides. Yohannes is
believed to have re...
Library of Emperor Yohannes I
The Archive Castle of King Fasilides and the Library of Emperor Yohannes I
The Archive
Castle of King
Fasilides and the
Library and
Emperor
Yohannes I
Dawit's Hall (reigned 1716-1721)
King Dawit's Hall, often
referred to as the "House
of Song", this may be
due to a misreading of
the Amharic zofan bet
("Ho...
The lion’s cage, which was built during the reign of David III (the son of Iyasu I). Lions
were part of everyday life duri...
Bakaffas Palace
On the left in the picture
stables and on the right the
Banquet Hall of the Emperor
Bekaffa.
Iohannes IV o...
Banquet Hall of the Emperor Bekaffa 1721-1730
Following his death, his
son, Iyasu II, was too
young to take the thrown.
As...
The sauna area, which the Emperor and his family used on a very regular
basis because a rare skin disorder that was cured ...
The sauna area
Coat hangers are by rhino horn
Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima)
Solanum
aculeastrum
(goat bitter-
apple, poison
apple, or more
ambiguously as
"bitter-a...
The coffee ceremony is one of
the most recognizable parts of
Ethiopian culture.
Sound: Alemayehu Eshete - Mishitu Demeke
Text: Internet
Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu
Sanda Negruţiu
Jean Moldovan
Alin Samoc...
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"
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Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"

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Fasil Ghebbi, are the remains of a fortress-city that was the residence of the Ethiopian emperor Fasilides and his successors in the 16th and 17th centuries. Fasil Ghebbi served as the home of Ethiopia's emperors in the 17th and 18th centuries. Its unique architecture shows diverse influences including Nubian, Arab, and Baroque styles. The site was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.
The founder of Gondar was Emperor Fasiladas who, tiring of the pattern of migration that had characterised the lifestyle of so many of his forefathers, moved his capital here in 1636 AD. By the late 1640s he had built a great castle here, which stands today in a grassy compound surrounded by other fortresses of later construction. With its huge towers and looming battlemented walls, it seems like a piece of medieval Europe transposed to Ethiopia.

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  • Thank you Self-Employed, thank you very much for adding this presentation to your favourites
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  • Thank you Mirka, John, Pilar and Carmen, so much, SO MUCH!
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  • A fairy tale castle in Africa? It's so beautiful and strange at the same time!.
    Superb Michaela. Multumesc for this excellent tour and show.
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  • Parece mentira algo así en Africa, Ethiopia es distinta. Gracias, Pilar
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  • Good work,thank you Michaela.
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  • Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region, are the remains of a fortress-city that was the residence of the Ethiopian emperor Fasilides and his successors.Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region, are the remains of a fortress-city that was the residence of the Ethiopian emperor Fasilides and his successors.Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region, are the remains of a fortress-city that was the residence of the Ethiopian emperor Fasilides and his successors.
  • Almost completely restored with the help of Unesco, the Palace of Fasiladas is the Royal Enclosure's oldest and most impressive castle. It stands 32m tall and has a crenulated parapet and four domed towers. Made of roughly hewn stones, it's reputedly the work of an Indian architect, and shows an unusual synthesis of Indian, Portuguese, Moorish and Aksumite influences.
     
    The main floor was used as a dining hall and formal reception area; note the recessed Star of David above several doorways, which trumpet Fasiladas' link to the Solomonic dynasty. The small room in the northern corner boasts its original beam ceiling and some faint frescoes.
     
    On the 1st floor, Fasiladas' prayer room has windows in four directions, each overlooking Gonder's important churches. On the roof, religious ceremonies were held, and it was from here that the emperor addressed his people. Above Fasiladas' 2nd-floor bedroom was the watchtower, from where it's possible to see all the way to Lake Tana.
     
    Behind the castle's eastern corner are various ruined buildings, including the remains of the kitchen (domed ceiling) and water cistern (thought by some to be a pool).
     
  • Gondar the "Camelot of Africa"

    1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-2153797-ethiopia25/
    2. 2. Gondar is a town founded in 1636 by the great Emperor Fassiladas, serving as the royal capital of Ethiopia for over 230 years. The Gondarine period is considered to be the third major dynasty after the Axumite and Zagwe dynasties. The dynasty is historically important for the renaissance king's mobile camp and the introduction of a permanent capital.
    3. 3. Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region, are the remains of a fortress-city that was the residence of the Ethiopian emperor Fasilides and his successors.
    4. 4. Fasilides Castle. Built in 1640 as the home of King Fasilides
    5. 5. Until the 16th century, the Solomonic Emperors of Ethiopia usually had no fixed capital, instead living in tents in temporary royal camps as they moved around their realms while their family, bodyguard and retinue devoured surplus crops and cut down nearby trees for firewood. One exception to this rule was Debre Berhan, founded by Zara Yaqob in 1456; Tegulet in Shewa was also essentially the capital during the first century of Solomonic rule.
    6. 6. Gondar was founded by Emperor Fasilides around the year 1635, and grew as an agricultural and market town. Tradition states that a buffalo led the Emperor Fasilides to a pool beside the Angereb, where an "old and venerable hermit" told the Emperor he would locate his capital there. Fasilides had the pool filled in and built his castle on that same site.
    7. 7. After choosing Gondar as capital, Emperor Fasiladas constructed a Royal Enclosure that covered 75,000 square metres, and contained castles, palaces, library and banquet hall etc. The complex is enclosed by a curtain wall which is pierced by twelve gates.
    8. 8. Almost completely restored with the help of UNESCO the Palace of Fasiladas is the Royal Enclosure's oldest and most impressive castle.
    9. 9. The two-storey palace stands 32m tall and has a crenulated parapet and four domed towers. Made of roughly hewn stones, it's reputedly the work of an Indian architect, and shows an unusual synthesis of Indian, Portuguese, Moorish and Aksumite influences.
    10. 10. Palace of Fasilidas (1632-1667)
    11. 11. Fasilides Castle. Built in 1640 as the home of King Fasilides
    12. 12. The town served as Ethiopia's capital until Tewodros II moved the Imperial capital to Magadala upon being crowned Emperor in 1855; the city was plundered and burnt in 1864, then devastated again in December, 1866. Fasilides of Ethiopia 1632-1667
    13. 13. Abdallahi ibn Muhammad sacked Gondar when he invaded Ethiopia June 1887. Gondar was ravaged again in 23 January in the next year, when the Sudanese invaders set fire to almost every one of the city's churches Sarsa Dengel of Ethiopia 1563-1597
    14. 14. Unlike any other buildings in Abyssinia, the castles and palaces of Gondar resemble, with some modifications, the medieval fortresses of Europe, the style of architecture being the result of the presence in the country of numbers of Portuguese. Menelik II of Ethiopia 1889-1913
    15. 15. The Portuguese were expelled by Fasilidas, but his castle was built, by Indian workmen, under the superintendence of Abyssinians who had learned something of architecture from the Portuguese adventurers, helped possibly by Portuguese still in the country. Tewodros II of Ethiopia1855-1868
    16. 16. The main floor was used as a dining hall and formal reception area; note the recessed Star of David above several doorways, which trumpet Fasiladas' link to the Solomonic dynasty. The small room in the northern corner boasts its original beam ceiling and some faint frescoes. On the 1st floor, Fasiladas' prayer room has windows in four directions, each overlooking Gonder's important churches.
    17. 17. The most extensive ruins are a group of royal buildings enclosed in a wall. These ruins include the palace of Emperor Iyasu, which has several fine chambers. Christian Levantines were employed in its construction and it was decorated in part with Venetian mirrors, etc. The exterior walls of the castles and palaces named are little damaged and give to Gondar a unique character among African towns. Emperor Iyasu’s castle
    18. 18. Fasil Ghebbi served as the home of Ethiopia's emperors in the 17th and 18th centuries. Its unique architecture shows diverse influences including Nubian, Arab, and Baroque styles. The site was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. Emperor Iyasu’s castle
    19. 19. King Adiam Seghed Iyasu's Castle (1682-1706) was bombed by the British Iyasu the Great of Ethiopia 1682–1706
    20. 20. King Adiam Seghed Iyasu's Castle (1682-1706)
    21. 21. King Adiam Seghed Iyasu's Castle (1682-1706)
    22. 22. King Adiam Seghed Iyasu's Castle (1682-1706)
    23. 23. Palace of Iyasu I, left, Fasilides' Castle and Library of Emperor Yohannes
    24. 24. Library of Emperor Yohannes I and Fasilides' Castle
    25. 25. Library of Emperor Yohannes I. Emperor Yohannes I was the fourth son of Emperor Fasilides. Yohannes is believed to have reigned from 1667 to 1682. The Archive Castle of King Fasilides
    26. 26. Library of Emperor Yohannes I
    27. 27. The Archive Castle of King Fasilides and the Library of Emperor Yohannes I
    28. 28. The Archive Castle of King Fasilides and the Library and Emperor Yohannes I
    29. 29. Dawit's Hall (reigned 1716-1721)
    30. 30. King Dawit's Hall, often referred to as the "House of Song", this may be due to a misreading of the Amharic zofan bet ("House of the Divan" or "House of the Throne") as zafan bet ("House of song"). A one-storey building with a round tower at the southeast corner
    31. 31. The lion’s cage, which was built during the reign of David III (the son of Iyasu I). Lions were part of everyday life during this time as they symbolized power (a lion was symbolic for the king). The Abyssinian lions, which are smaller in size and have bigger manes, lived in the compound with the people and there were no reported attacks. This cage, however, was built to allow the lions to have their own shelter. There are 8 lion
    32. 32. Bakaffas Palace On the left in the picture stables and on the right the Banquet Hall of the Emperor Bekaffa. Iohannes IV of Ethiopia 1872-1889
    33. 33. Banquet Hall of the Emperor Bekaffa 1721-1730 Following his death, his son, Iyasu II, was too young to take the thrown. As a result, Empress Mentawab reigned from 1730 – 1755, but after 12 years of ruling from the palace in the royal compound, she decided to build her own palace and church outside the compound.
    34. 34. The sauna area, which the Emperor and his family used on a very regular basis because a rare skin disorder that was cured by a French physician that introduced the sauna into the Castle complex.
    35. 35. The sauna area Coat hangers are by rhino horn
    36. 36. Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) Solanum aculeastrum (goat bitter- apple, poison apple, or more ambiguously as "bitter-apple“). It is a poisonous nightshade species from Africa
    37. 37. The coffee ceremony is one of the most recognizable parts of Ethiopian culture.
    38. 38. Sound: Alemayehu Eshete - Mishitu Demeke Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Sanda Negruţiu Jean Moldovan Alin Samochis Daniel Scrãdeanu Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

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