Iran Esfahan Haroon Velayat mausoleum1


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The mausoleum is a shrine built in 1512-13 to the mystical figure Harun Vilayat. The shrine reputed for its miraculous powers is also venerated by some Armenian Christians and greatly influenced Safavid Isfahan's urban design in the sixteenth century.

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  • Haroon Velayat Mausoleum, Esfahan This mausoleum was built in the year 918 AH. and is a relic of the reign of Shah Esmaeil Safavid. The same comprises of two tile worked portals, two courtyards, a sepulchre and dome. The vaulted tile work of the facade of the smaller courtyard is historically spectacular and one of the finest in Esfahan. The mausoleum is a shrine to the mystical figure Harun Vilayat, who is varyingly personified by distinguished sets of Muslim believers as different holy personalities, such as the son of the tenth imam, the son of the eleventh imam, the grandson of the sixth imam or the seventh Imam. The shrine reputed for its miraculous powers is also venerated by some Armenian Christians and greatly influenced Safavid Isfahan's urban design in the sixteenth century. The square of Harun Vilayat in the Dardasht quarter of the city was the original town centre of Isfahan, with mention in documents dating to the first Safavid ruler Shah Ismail's reign till Safavid ruler Shah Abbas I shifted the focus to the grand Maidan-i Shah in 1590.
  • The mausoleum was built in 1512-13 by Mirza Shah Husain, a vassal of Durmish Khan Shamlu, Isfahan's governor under Shah Ismail. One of the earliest Safavid buildings, the building is Timurid in form but is dominated by the exterior tile decoration of its dome, a phenomenon further encouraged in later Safavid architecture. Best known as an example of tile ornamentation of domes and panels in Isfahan, the building is also remarkable for its intriguing murals and unusual degree of naturalism in Kufic inscriptions and arabesque. The inner shrine is now often used as a religious theatre for staging passion plays and thus is only accessible during performances. The continued reverence for the shrine has ensured its upkeep, though excessive traffic has taken its toll on the intricate tile panels. The construction of Harun Velayat or Harunieh, is composed of a cupola, a tomb-box, two courtyards and two portals beautifully ornamented with mosaic tiles delicate scrolls, and complex designs. It was erected in 1523 AD, in the reign of the Safavid king Shah Ismail I, by the order of one of his reputed military commanders named Dormish Khan, and repaired under other sovereigns of the same dynasty. Innumerable inscriptions in different calligraphic styles, set on mosaic tile background, including the inscription of its ancient stone trough, are found in this monument. Some lines of verse from Safavid and Qajar periods can also be seen in the mausoleum and the porch. The superb tile-decorated cupola of the monument also bears an inscription in Kuffic around its base.
  • What distinguishes the mosque is its integration into the urban fabric through the many gates and entrances that weave it with the city's activities and blur the boundaries between city space and mosque space. This is also a result of a cumulative history of construction and reconstruction resulting in a mosque that comprises an assemblage of structures built in different periods of time.
  • Iran Esfahan Haroon Velayat mausoleum1

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    2. 2. The construction of Harun Velayat orHarunieh, is composed of a cupola,a tomb-box, two courtyards and twoportals beautifully ornamented withmosaic tiles delicate scrolls, andcomplex designs. It was erected in1523 AD, in the reign of the Safavidking Shah Ismail IMausoleul Harun Velayat are douăcurţi interioare, cu portaluri decoratecu mozaic, o cupolă şi mormântulpropriu-zis, care este atribuit maimultor figuri mistice (fie fiului celuide al zecelea sau al unsprezeceleaimam, fie nepotului celui de alşaselea). Mausoleul este însăvenerat mai ales de femei, care aucredinţa că ar avea puterea de avindeca sterilitatea.
    3. 3. The Ali Mosque and Minaret werebuilt during the rule of Seljuk sultanSanjar (1118-1157) in the mid-twelfth century. The minaret retainsits Seljuk decorative brickworkwhile the mosque was largelyrebuilt and redecorated during therule of Safavid Shah Ismail I(1501-1524)Minaretul Moscheeii Ali, 1131,50m, cel mai vechi dintre cele 43de minarete ale oraşului.
    4. 4. The Seljuk minaret rises immediately to theright of the mosque portal and is built entirelyof brick. It is about forty-eight meters tall andhas a tapering cylindrical shaft interrupted bytwo balconies.
    5. 5. The shaft below the balconies is decoratedhalfway with a pattern of interlocking starsin recess, changing into a finer diamondpattern in the upper half. The minaret hasfour bands of Kufic inscriptions, three ofwhich are highlighted with glazed tiles.
    6. 6. Ayatollah Khomeini and Ali Khamenei at the Harun Velayat Mausoleum.In 1989, Ayatollah Khamenei succeeded the original Supreme Leaderand founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini. Beforethat he was president for two successive terms from 1981-1989.
    7. 7. Iran Text and images slide2: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu Homayoun Shajarian - Tasnife Chine Zolf