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Mexico Ciudad de Mexico9, National History Museum


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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide):

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Mexico’s National History Museum is housed within the Chapultepec Castle, the construction of which began in 1785. The castle has a fascinating history in its own right, having been the palatial home of ruler Maximiliano in the 1860s, and converted to a museum by presidential decree in 1939. The collection of historical artifacts and ephemera housed here today is stunning in both its scope and its quality: jewelry, furniture, religious objects and fine arts are just a few of the numerous categories that comprise the permanent collection.

Published in: Travel
  • @JadwigaGlod
    Thank you Jadwiga, THANKS
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  • @1456789
    Gracias Pilar
    Este museo nos dio un gran regalo. Abre por favor:

    Castillo de Chapultepec - MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA
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  • Es interesante para mí conocer Ciudad de México, generalmente me interesan las culturas prehispanicas y los murales mexicanos, este Museo debe tener mucha importancia para los mexicanos. Gracias, Pilar
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  • Gracias Pilar, te deseo lo mejor del mundo para tí y los tuyos en el 2013.
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Mexico Ciudad de Mexico9, National History Museum

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Mexico’s National History Museum ishoused within the Chapultepec Castle, theconstruction of which began in 1785. Thecastle has a fascinating history in its ownright, having been the palatial home of rulerMaximiliano in the 1860s, and converted to amuseum by presidential decree in 1939. Thecollection of historical artifacts and ephemerahoused here today is stunning in both itsscope and its quality: jewelry, furniture,religious objects and fine arts are just a few ofthe numerous categories that comprise thepermanent collection.The castle itself is a national historicaltreasure with its stained glass windows andmurals.
  3. 3. Meaning hill of the grasshopper in náhuatl dialect, Chapultepec is a large and beautiful park within Mexico City. On the peak of the hill, scaling at a height of 2,325 meters sits the Castle of Chapultepec, home to only the sovereigns – presidents and emperors, who have left a permanent mark on the nation. This sacred site for the Aztec serves as an eternal witness of Mexican history – starting as a Military Academy in 1780, then an Imperial residence, Presidential home, an observatory, and presently, the National History Museum.Military College of ChapultepecHand Tinted Lithograph
  4. 4. A statue situated at the east entrance of the park, Monumento a los Niños Héroes ("Boy Heroes"),contains six columns, each of which represents a child that died during the Battle of Chapultepec
  5. 5. On September 13, 1847, los Niños Héroes ("Boy Heroes") died whiledefending the castle from US forces during the Battle of Chapultepec(Mexican-American War). The castle served as the national militaryacademy at the time of the attack. Although Santa Ana allowed theboys to retreat, many stayed behind to defend their home. One boy,Juan Escutia, is said to have wrapped himself in a Mexican flag andthrown himself from the building in lieu of surrendering. A mural paintedon the ceiling above a stairwell in the main entrance of the castlehonors them.September 13th is a national celebration known as "Dia de Los Niños
  6. 6. Gabriel Flores García (1930 –1993) was a prominentMexican painter and muralistborn in Guadalajara, Jalisco.In the 1960s, at the height ofhis career, he created hismagnum opus Los NiñosHéroes, depicting the sacrificeof six child soldiers during theMexican-American War.
  7. 7. Gabriel Flores García
  8. 8. The youngest, Cadet Francisco Marquez, age 13Gabriel Flores García
  9. 9. Patio where thecadets threwthemselves overthe cliff to avoidcapture
  10. 10. Patio where the cadets threw themselves over the cliff to avoid capture
  11. 11. Carl Nebel (1805–1855) wasa German engineer, architectand draughtsman, bestknown for his detailedpaintings of the Mexicanlandscape and people and ofthe battles of the Mexican-American War.Storming of Chapultepec –Quitmans attack (September13, 1847) in the Mexican-American War. Hand-coloredlithograph; original size ofpainted area: 42×27.5 cm.
  12. 12. Mural Author-José Clemente Orozco 1948
  13. 13. Stained Glass Windowsby Jorge GonzálezCamarena 1963
  14. 14. Stained Glass Windows by Jorge González Camarena 1963
  15. 15. Contains the Aztec Pictogram for Tenochtitlan
  16. 16. y issioned b Painti ng comm n Maximilia the Emperor go Rebull by SantiaStained glass - Diana
  17. 17. The castlebecame theMuseo Nacionalde Historia undera 1939 decree byPresident LázaroCárdenas.In its currentcapacity, thecastle acts as apalatial museum,playing host tomanystereotypicalpalatial museum-type things
  18. 18. Miguel Cabrera (1695-1768)Sister (Suor) Juana Ines de la Cruz, 1750 Don Miguel Hidalgo
  19. 19. Bust of Cortés Padre Jeronimo
  20. 20. This malachite door wasmade in Russia ca. 1850 for aworld fair that took placearound that time.It was commissioned by theemperor himself.Mexican president-dictatorPorfirio Díaz (term: 1880s-1910) bought it and placed itin the "Malachite Room" in theChapultepec castle in MexicoCity. This is the place whereMaximilian and Charlottelived, although they never sawthe door Porfirio Díazs malachite vases
  21. 21. Diaz made the castlehis presidential palaceand continued toadorn it in the sameimperial style. Hedecorated its hallwayswith ornate malachitevases made in Italy, toa neo-classical design,from Russian materialand purchased inFrance
  22. 22. José DoroteoArango Arámbula(5 June 1878 – 20July 1923) – betterknown by hispseudonymFrancisco Villa orhis nicknamePancho Villa – wasone of the mostprominent MexicanRevolutionarygenerals.Pancho Villa´sSaddle
  23. 23. Chapultepec CastleTransport case The Constitution
  24. 24. Ceremonialcarriage ofEmperorMaximilian andEmpress Carlota,made by CesareScala in Milan,Italy
  25. 25. Even though Maximilian Iand his wife Charlotte ofBelgium were progressivein their thinking about socialjustice, to the Mexicansthey represented theFrench invasion.
  26. 26. Carlota of Mexico, bornCharlotte of Belgium(Marie Charlotte AmélieAugustine Victoire ClémentineLéopoldine;7 June 1840–19 Jan. 1927)
  27. 27. The only daughter of Leopold I, King of the Belgians (1790–1865) byhis second wife, Louise of Orléans, Princess of Orléans (1812–1850),Charlotte was born at the Royal Castle of Laeken in Laeken,Brussels, Belgium. Charlotte had three brothers: Louis-Philippe, whodied in infancy, Leopold, who on the death of their father becameLeopold II of Belgium and Philippe, Count of Flanders. She was also afirst cousin to both Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and herhusband, Prince Albert, as well as Ferdinand II of Portugal. Shebelonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
  28. 28. The rooms once used byEmperor Maximilian andEmpress Carlotta havebeen preserved
  29. 29. Maximilian I (1832-1867) was a Habsburg Prince, younger brother of FranzJoseph who was the future emperor for Austria-Hungary.At 25 he took up the position of Governor General of the Lombardo VenetianKingdom and married 17-year-old Charlotte of Belgium (1840-1927) thedaughter of King Leopold of the Belgians who later adopted the name“Carlota” during their time in Mexico. In 1859 his brother had dismissed himdue to his liberal policies.
  30. 30. Robert Scott Duncanson(1821–1872) was an African-American painterSCAD Museum of Art
  31. 31. Text and pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu Lila Downs - Cielo Rojo