Certosa di Pavia3


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Certosa di Pavia Gra-Car (Gratiarum Chartusia = la Certosa delle Grazie ) is a monastery and complex in Lombardy, northern Italy, situated near a small town of the same name in the Province of Pavia, 8 km north of Pavia. Built in 1396-1495, it was once located on the border of a large hunting park belonging to the Visconti family of Milan, of which today only scattered parts remain. It is one of the largest monasteries in Italy. All over the monastery you'll find the Gra-Car sign , designating the original name of the Charterhouse of Pavia ( Gratiarum Chartusia, Charterhous e of the Graces).

Published in: Travel, Spiritual

Certosa di Pavia3

  1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1856573-certosa-di-pavia3/
  2. 2. Certosa di Pavia Gra-Car(Gratiarum Chartusia = laCertosa delle Grazie) is amonastery and complex inLombardy, northern Italy,situated near a small town of thesame name in the Province ofPavia, 8 km north of Pavia.Built in 1396-1495, it was oncelocated on the border of a largehunting park belonging to theVisconti family of Milan, of whichtoday only scattered partsremain. It is one of the largestmonasteries in Italy.
  3. 3. In 1866 Certosa di Pavia was declared a National Monument andsequestrated by the Italian State, although some Benedictines residedthere until 1880. The monks currently living in the monastery areCistercians admitted to it in the 1960s.
  4. 4. Certosa is the Italian name for a house of the cloistered monastic order ofCarthusians founded by St. Bruno in 1044 at Grande Chartreuse. TheCertosa is renowned for the exuberance of its architecture, in both theGothic and Renaissance styles, and for its collection of artworks which areparticularly representative of the region.
  5. 5. From the 9th to the 12th century the Italian kings, and several Germankings, received the Iron Crown of Lombardy at Pavia, capital of theLombard kings. In the 12th century the city became a free commune,loyal, however, to the emperor. It was the last Lombard city to fall tothe Visconti (1359), who built most of the cathedral and started theconstruction of the Certosa di Pavia, a Carthusian monastery.
  6. 6. Certosa di Pavia Gra-Car (GratiarumChartusia = la Certosadelle Grazie) is one ofthe largestmonasteries in Italy.All over the monasteryyoull find the Gra-Carsign, designating theoriginal name of theCharterhouse of Pavia(Gratiarum Chartusia,Charterhouse of theGraces)
  7. 7. Fresco and inlaid stonedecoration
  8. 8. The Certosa represents areal art treasury, inside aswell as outside.The crypt sacristycontains, among othertreasures, a triptych thestories of the Virgin, theMagi and the ProphetBalam, in ivory andhippopotamus ivory, byBaldassarre degliEmbriachi, 1400-1409,donated by GianGaleazzo Visconti.This is the only significantremaining artifact from theoriginal church after athorough loot byNapoleonic troops at theend of the 1700s. Itsabout 2 meters wide
  9. 9. The refectory is the place where the monks went to eat (on the one day a weekthey were allowed out of their cottages). They ate in silent listening the words ofGod. On the wall you can see the Last Supper, fresco by Ottavio Semino.
  10. 10. The refectory, which was thechurch for the first 100 yearsor so of the Certosas life.Note the screen wall whichseparated the monks (whohad a cottage each and onlycame together for Sundaylunch) from the lay brothers(who had a bed in thecommunal dormitory). Thiswas a universal feature ofCarthusian churches, theirCistercian counterparts andindeed all abbey churches.You wont find any evidence ofthe screens in todaysremaining Cistercian abbeychurches, but the screens inmost ex-monastic Englishcathedrals have the sameorigins - the separation ofchoir monks from "the rest".
  11. 11. There are many notabledecorative sculptural workswhich include the carvedwooden choir stalls,magnificent wooden choircarvings, designed byBergognone
  12. 12. Ambrogio Bergognonefurnished the designs ofthe figures of the virgin,saints and apostles for thechoir-stalls, executed intarsia or inlaid wood workby Bartolomeo Pola
  13. 13. An elegant portal,with sculptures bythe Mantegazzabrothers andGiovanni AntonioAmadeo, leadsfrom the church tothe Small Cloister(in Italian: ChiostroPiccolo) This has asmall garden in thecenter.
  14. 14. The small cloister is one of the most beautiful place of the Certosa. Inthe middle it has got a nice garden. The small cloister was the heart ofthe monks comunity and it connected the church with the other roomsof the monastery.The statues on the pillars of the cloister are works made by Rinaldo deStauris between 1463 and 1478. In some arches you can see thefrescoes made by Daniele Crespi.
  15. 15. From this cloister you cansee a interesting view ofthe left side of the church.
  16. 16. Some arcades of the small cloister are decorated by frescoes by Daniele Crespi, now partially ruined.
  17. 17. On the south side of the cloister is the lavatorium for the monks to wash their hands on the way intothe refectory (on the one day a week they were allowed out of their cottages). The terracotta reliefabove shows "the episode of the Samaritan to the well“ More attractively, above this is a riveting twopanel annunciation
  18. 18. The second cloister is muchmore spacious with the largegreen and the small monk cellsaround it.The Grand Cloister (Italian:Chiostro Grande), measuresc.125x100 meters. The elegantcells of the monks open to thecentral garden. The arcadeshave columns with preciousdecorations in terracotta, withtondoes portraying saints,prophets and angels,alternatively in white and pinkVerona marble. There wereonce also paintings by VincenzoFoppa, now disappeared.
  19. 19. From the back, what it was theoretically all about -each of the 24 Carthusian hermit monks had theirown cottage at the back of the Certosa, where theycould get on with closing with God whilst the laybrothers popped the occasional meal into theserving hatch which was built into each cottage.Every one of the 24 houses of the monks has gotthree rooms and a garden. Near the entrance of thehouse there is a hole where the monk received hisfood during the day.
  20. 20. The path to the church.
  21. 21. Text and pictures: InternetCopyright: All the images belong to their authorsPresentation: Sanda Foi oreanuşwww.slideshare.net/michaelasandaSound: Nova Schola Gregoriana - Offertoria: Iustitiae Domini