http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1233962-catania8/
Castello Ursino The castle was built between 1239 and 1250 by Riccardo da Lentini and belonged to Emperor Frederick II, th...
UNESCO World Heritage Site, representing "the final flowering of baroque art in Europe.” Catania
Ursino Castle  is the home of the Civic Museum created using private local collections, in particular the archaeological o...
 
T hrough this building Frederic II Hohenstaufen meant to punish the rebellious town. The plan of the massive building reca...
Frederick II, universally referred to as “Stupor Mundi” -   the Wonder of the World   - , was  crowned king of Sicily in 1...
 
 
The Emperor never lived in the castle. Yet, between the end of the XIV century  and the beginning  of the XV century it be...
Born in 1719, Ignazio Paternò Castello, the Prince of Biscari, was responsible for the archaeological excavations at Castr...
The building is a large complex with a central court, each side of which is about 50 meters long, its walls are made of la...
 
Throughout the centuries the castle was transformed and restructured, during the XVI century it was surrounded with city w...
De-a lungul secolelor castelul a fost transformat şi restructurat, în  secolul XVI a fost înconjurat cu ziduri de apărare ...
 
Inside, it hosts the Biscari’s, Asmundo’s  and Benedictines’ collections, besides a rich picture-gallery where most of the...
Muzeul a fost creat din trei colecţii importante: colecţia prinţului Biscari, cea a Benedictinilor şi cea a contelui Asmun...
Attic Janiform Rhyton Pygmi
Lekythos attico a fig nere (510s aC)
Mosaico romano (Utere feliciter), sec. IV d.C
Mosaico romano (Utere feliciter), sec. IV d.C Ancient Roman mosaic (4st century AD) representing putti diplaying the inscr...
 
 
Sarcofago romano Ulisse e Polifemo (sec._III)
 
Sec. VI a.C. : Testa di Kouros
Statua di Eracle, arte romana del sec. II d.C. A colossal torso from an Ancient Roman statue. 1st century AD
Cratere attico con scena di Simposio, 400-390 aC
Sant'Onofrio di Bernazzano, particolare Sant'Onofrio di Bernazzano, particolare
 
Santa Lucia, particolare della tempera su tavola di autore ignoto siciliano del XV secolo La Vergine in trono col bambino ...
Il Pantocratore, la Vergine e San Giovanni di ignoto maestro bizantino Testa di Redentore su fondo oro
Ultima cena di Luis de Morales
Caravaggio, Flagellation,
PIETRO NOVELLI,  San Cristoforo , 1637 Deesis
PAOLO GERACI,  1627 N atività con i Santi Lorenzo e Francesco
MATTHIAS STOMER,  Cristo Deriso , 1640
La vergine in trono tra San Nicola e San Spiridione
 
Adorazione dei magi di Simone de Wobreck
 
Ambito Meridionale,  Rebecca al pozzo , sec. XVII Ambito napoletano,  Mosè e la caduta della manna , sec. XVII
 
Antonino Gandolfo (1841 - 1910)  Ritratto della  Regina Elena
 
Giuseppe Gandolfo
Portrait of his sister-in-law, Anna Brancaleone  by Giuseppe Gandolfo, 1823
Portrait of his niece, Clementina  by Giuseppe Gandolfo (detail)
 
"To have seen Italy without having seen Sicily is not to have seen Italy at all, for Sicily is the clue to everything...
Sound :   Antonina  Sergi   - Ninna nanna Musica de peliculas - El Padrino ( preludio y siciliana) Text  & pictures : Inte...
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Catania Museo Civico Castello Ursino

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Catania is a town that charms and never ends to surprise and intrigue. Monuments, remains of the Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Arabic and Norman civilizations, the magnificent Baroque, the numerous churches with their original beauty, all placing the town in the list of the Unesco World Heritage. There is so much to see and enjoy in the shadow of the highest Volcano in Europe…..
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  • the source of the elephant in Catania, which since 1239 is the official symbol of the city, is related to an ancient legend. This legend says that when Catania was for the first time inhabited, all fierce and dangerous animals were placed to flight by an elephant, to which the people of Catania call him "liotru", that is a dialectal correction of the name Elidor. He was a magician of the eighth century, which was burned alive in 778 by the bishop of Catania St. Leone II the Healer because Elidoro, having failed to become bishop of the city, disturbed sacred functions with various spells, including that one of animate the elephant of stone. Several hypotheses have been made by researchers to explain the origin of the statue of stone, which today dominates Duomo Square, in the arrangement given to her by Vaccarini in 1736. Two of these assumptions deserve a mention: first, by the historian Pietro Carrera from Militello (1571-1647), who explained it as a symbol of military victory given by the people of Catania on the Libyan. The most reliable hypothesis is, however, expressed by the Arab geographer Idrisi in the twelfth century: according to Idrisi, the elephant of Catania is a magical statue, built in Byzantine times, just to keep away the injuries of volcano Etna from Catania. This seems to be the best explanation that we can give to the friendly elephant, which the people of Catania are very close, so as to threaten a popular revolt, in 1862, when was done the proposal to transfer "u liotru" from Duomo Square to Palestro Square. .
  • Catania ( Greek : Κατάνη – Katáni ; Latin : Catăna and Catĭna ) is an Italian city on the east coast of Sicily facing the Ionian Sea , between Messina and Syracuse . It is the capital of the homonymous province , and with 298,957 inhabitants. (752,895 in the Metropolitan Area) it is the second-largest city in Sicily and the tenth in Italy. Catania is known to have a seismic history and past, having been destroyed by a catastrophic earthquake in 1169, another in 1693 , and several volcanic eruptions from the neighboring Mount Etna volcano, the most violent of which was in 1669. Catania has had a long and eventful history, having been founded in the 8th century BC. In the 14th century and the Renaissance, Catania was one of Italy's most important and flourishing cultural, artistic and political centres, including having witnessed the opening in 1434 of the first university in Sicily. Today, Catania is one of the main economic, touristic and educational centres in the island, being an important hub of the technological industry, thus gaining the nickname of the "European Silicon Valley ".
  •   Catania is well known for its baroque architecture which was declared a world Heritage site by the UNESCO. Many of the architectural attractions make Catania and its province famous. The island of the Sun, Sicily, is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is in the center of the Mediterranean Sea and was in the history always be named desired because of its strategic position and the comfortable climate. Sicily possesses a base of 26,500 km² and harbors ca. 5 million inhabitants. Catania, on the east coast of Sicily facing the Ionian Sea, is the capital of the homonymous province, and with 298,957 inhabitants (752895 in the Metropolitan Area) it is the second-largest city in Sicily and the tenth in Italy. Tragically, the Mafia is the single socio-economic factor that distinguishes Sicily's economic base from those of other European Mediterranean regions Insula Soarelui, Sicilia , se află chiar în mijlocul bazinului Mării Mediterane, împărţind zona mediteraneană vestică de cea estică, factor important în determinarea istoriei sale. Sicilia este cea mai mare şi cea mai importantă insulă mediteraneană. Numele modern Sicilia derivă de la vechii locuitori „Siculi”. Suprafaţa este de 25.709 km². Sicilia numără aproximativ 5,1 milioane de locuitori. Capitala este la Palermo. Catania, capitala provinciei cu acelaşi nume (circa 300.000 de locuitori), este al doilea oraş ca mărime şi al zecelea în Italia. Din păcate Mafia este singurul factor socio-economic care deosebeşte Sicilia faţă de alte regiuni europene mediteraneene.
  •   « Ci sono tre cammini dell'uomo per agire con saggezza: il primo cammino è più nobile - la riflessione, il secondo cammino è più facile – l'imitazione, il terzo cammino è più amaro – l'esperienza » Confucio « Viaggiare significa nascere e morire ogni momento » V. Hugo   « Il viaggio insegna ad aver pazienza » B. Disraeli
  • Frederick II, universally referred to as “Stupor Mundi” -the Wonder of the World- , was born in Jesi from Henry VI Hohenstaufen of Swabia and Constance of Hauteville. He was crowned king of Sicily in 1198, he was enlightened, a scientist, a poet, a philosopher and a despotic prince as well. Wherever he would go to, he enjoyed being surrounded by  an amazing court of elephants, Arabian camels, lynx, and several other exotic animals. He died in 1250 and was buried in the Cathedral of Palermo, in “his Sicily”, up to his own express desire. By his death the sicilian imperial dream came to an end. According to Frederick II’s plans, castles were built all over his kingdom, particularly interesting indeed for their strictly geometrical shapes that the king himself had wanted. In Sicily they constitute an homogeneous and representative group of buildings designed for strategical and defensive purposes, as a reflection of the society of that time, they were centres of  military as well as  cultural life, the latter being  so rich and active during Frederick’s times. Frederick II’s castles were born as citadels fortified on the outside but bright with natural light inside. In Sicily the most famous ones are: the castles of Augusta and Milazzo with square towers  and the castles in Catania and Siracusa featuring  circular towers.
  • Frederick al II-lea Hohenstaufen acceptă să organizeze pseudo- cruciada personală dintre 1228 şi 1229, numai pentru a crea o legătură statală între Sicilia şi Asia. Mijlocul cel mai potrivit? O alianţă matrimonială. Deşi întreţinea un harem la Palermo, el se căsătorea  cu Yolande – Isabelle,  fiica  lui Jean  de Brienne – Inorogul şi moştenitoarea  pe linie maternă a drepturilor de regalitate latină în Cipru şi Ierusalim.  Încoronarea lui Frederick al II-lea Hohenstaufen ca Rege al Ierusalimului,  pe data de  18 martie  1229,   s-a desfăşurat armonios, cu acordul tuturor părţilor, adică  al creştinilor, arabilor,  şi evreilor drepţi, provocând la Roma stupefacţia pontificatului. Într-adevăr, tipurile de alegeri pe care le făcea Frederick al II-lea Hohenstaufen pentru a-şi conduce acţiunile  justificau  deplin  numele  Stupor mundi.   Tipul de management pe care îl practica Frederick al II-lea Hohenstaufen  se racorda perfect la managementul ayyubid al sultanului egiptean Al-Kamil.  Frederick al II-lea Hohenstaufen   negociază cu Al-Kamil. Obţine de la acesta restituirea Ierusalimului,  Nazaretului şi Betleemului, fără lupte.  Un cronicar din Damasc, Sibt ibn al-Jawzi, ne povesteşte că  arabii  din Ierusalim priviră  cu multă atenţie şi mare curiozitate  fizionomia împăratului german, pentru evaluarea caracterului acestuia. 
  • Sibt ibn al-Jawzi furnizează chiar o descriere a înfăţişării lui  Frederick pe baza mărturiilor celor care l -au văzut  atunci pe împăratul  în persoană la Ierusalim: ” Împăratul este roşcovan, chel şi miop. Dacă ar fi fost sclav, nu ar fi valorat la târg mai mult de 200 dirhami.”   Ochii împăratului sunt descrişi ca fiind “verzi,  ca de şarpe”. Un tablou realist, fără vreo urmă de empatie. Deşi  Frederick al II -lea de Hohenstaufen îndrăznise să înceapă un capitol de cruciadă  purtând încă stigmatul excomunicării,  stârnind astfel ostilitatea făţişă a unor prinţi ai bisericii, faptul că  recâştigase fără vărsare de sânge trei mari oraşe din Regatul Ierusalimului, trei mari cetăţi de pe frontiera simbolică a creştinismului, îi aduse împăratului german un mare prestigiu în unele cercuri europene. Aceasta conduse în anul 1231 la ridicarea excomunicării sale. Din  căsătoria lui Federigo  cu Yolande – Isabelle de Brienne   se va naşte Conrad, viitorul împărat al Sfântului Imperiu Roman de naţiune germană. În anul 1231, Henric al VII-lea, fiul lui Frederick al II-lea de Hohenstaufen  din căsătoria cu  frumoasa regină Constanţa de Aragon,  se alie cu Liga Lombardă  şi clamă pentru sine coroana  imperială. Rebeliunea fu înfrântă în Anul Domnului 1235, iar Henric fu dezmoştenit. Rege al germanilor fu numit copilul Conrad. Ce moştenise, pe linie maternă, şi titlul de rege al Ierusalimului. Cu totul altfel decît alţi împăraţi ai Sfântului Imperiu Roman de naţiune germană, Frederick al II– lea de Hohenstaufen petrecu puţin timp în Germania.  În 1236, Frederick al II-lea Hohenstaufen călători ultima oară în Germania. De acum încolo va fi reprezentat în Germania de fiul său, Conrad. Titus Filipas
  • The name of the castle seems coming from “Castrum Sinus”, that is “Castle of the Gulf”, as it was originally located on the cliff by the sea. In 1669 the lava stream from Mt.Etna eruption separated it from the coastline covering both the moat that surrounded it and Saint George’s bastion. The Ursino Castle is located in the centre of a big square named after Frederick II. Built between 1239 and 1250 the emperor appointed its construction to the architect Riccardo da Lentini, as it is written in a letter dated november 24th 1239 by which the emperor invited the citizens of Catania to pay two hundred ounces of gold, as a contribution to the castle construction. The Catanese people did not like this taxation therefore threatened rebellion. The Emperor never lived in the castle. Yet, between the end of the XIV century  and the beginning  of the XV century it became official residence of various kings and their courts, under both the Anjou’s and the Aragonese families. There, Pietro of Aragon held the meeting of the members of the first Sicilian Parliament. The building is a large complex with a central court, each side of which is about 50 meters long, its walls are made of lava stone and are 2,50 meters thick.
  • Born in 1719, Ignazio Paternò Castello, the Prince of Biscari, studied at the Accademia dei Georgofili in Florence. He was responsible for the archaeological excavations at Castrogiovanni, Centurie and Camarina. His work uncovered the Roman amphitheatre which, according to Orville, did not exist. In 1758 he started a museum housing Classical artefacts and natural history specimens, which also had a library. In 1779 the Court of Naples appointed him as Custodian of the Antiquities of Val di Noto and Val Demone. In 1781 he wrote a “Journey through all the antiquities of Sicily”, with the intention of ridding the history of the island’s archaeological heritage of errors made by historians. Many of the Classical finds in the museum come from the private collection of this celebrated personality.  
  • Giuseppe Gandolfo Portrait of his sister-in-law, Anna Brancaleone by Giuseppe Gandolfo, 1823 The Portrait of his sister-in-law, Anna Brancaleone dates from 1823. Giuseppe Gandolfo, was an artist from Catania trained in Rome and Florence where, firmly encouraged by the Florentine artist Piero Benvenuti, he began to reproduce the great works of Titian and Raphael. His copy of the Raphael Leo X is very well known. His skill as a copyist and portrait painter brought him important commissions such as the one from the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinand II, from other noble families and from the British Ambassador to Tuscany. Having returned to Catania in 1821 because of his father’s death (he painted his portrait from memory), he travelled between Tuscany and Sicily until, following an illness the next year, he decided to stay in his native city. Gandolfo painted portraits of nobles, literary figures and scientists, including the poet, Domenico Tempio. He taught painting to Giuseppe Sciuti, an artist from Catania who became famous for his grandiose historic scenes employing a skilled use of light, and to his own nephew, Antonino Gandolfo, who in turn taught Alessandro Abate, a decorator and artist whose style favoured Art Nouveau.
  • The Portrait of his niece, Clementina dates from 1835. The young woman is shown wearing a cloak of a strong blue, like the colour associated with the Virgin Mary, and holding a pet dog – an attribute that stresses her purity and innocence. Her melancholy expression and the very shy, reserved stance fill this picture with sweet, mellow intensity. The folds of the cloak fall delicately, framing her face. A soft light bathes the scene harmoniously, producing an intimate, gentle feeling. The virginal image is strengthened by the friskiness of the dog, which shows the influence of Pontormo, a 16th century Florentine painter. One of the most important practitioners of the anti-Classical movement, he painted Portrait of a Lady in red with puppy . In fact, ever since the 16 th century it had been the fashion for ladies in high society to have their portraits painted with their pets.
  • Civic mottoes The two most recurrent Latin mottoes of Catania are readable on the marble tags set on the baroque prospect of the monumental Triumphal Arch of Piazza Palestro whose name is " Porta Garibaldi " ( Garibaldi Gate ) but also " Porta Ferdinandea " ( Ferdinandean Gate ). They still recite:" Melior De Cinere Surgo " ( I Arise Better From My Ashes ) and " Armis Decoratur, Litteris Armatur " ( Adorned with Weapons, Armed with Letters ). The first underlines the interchange down the ages between its unforeseen destructions and the gradual and successive reconstructions, comparing such cyclicities of sudden ruinations and consequent rebirths to the legend of the mythical Phoenix, the fiery creature perennially fated to upspring anew from its own embers. This firebird is, in fact, sculpted atop the archway of the forenamed structure. The second simply wants to emphasize the role of cultural and University hub for the whole Sicily from Middle Ages till modern times. Several " stylized armaments " were largely reproduced and utilized as ornaments or architectural elements to bedight the fronts of the main noblemen's mansions.
  • Catania Museo Civico Castello Ursino

    1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1233962-catania8/
    2. 2. Castello Ursino The castle was built between 1239 and 1250 by Riccardo da Lentini and belonged to Emperor Frederick II, the King of Sicily. At that time the castle was considered impregnable and therefore had important military role. After the move of the capital away from Catania and appearance of powder weapons, the castle lost its military role and was used as a prison. The castle has a rectangular plan with a circular tower at each corner and an open air inner courtyard. It was built on a cliff looking out to sea but as the result of volcanic eruption it is now a kilometer inland. The former moat was filled with lava, as it could be seen on one of the pictures. Situat în Piazza Federico di Svevia, Castelul Ursino a fost iniţial o fortăreaţă construită de Riccardo da Lentini în anii 1239 – 1250 din ordinul împăratului Frederick II von Hehnstaufen, regele Siciliei. Considerat la timpul său inexpugnabil a avut un important rol militar dar după mutarea capitalei de la Catania şi-a pierdut acest rol şi a fost utilizat ca închisoare. Castelul are un plan rectangular cu patru turnuri rotunde pe colţuri şi fusese construit pe un promontoriu chiar pe malul mării dar după erupţia vulcanică ţărmul s-a îndepărtat cu peste un kilometru iar vechiul şanţ de apărare a fost umplut cu lavă. There is a little Italian proverb that said: " Palermo grandeza, Catania belleza." This proverb purported that Palermo have the larger City, but Catania the beauty of Sicily.
    3. 3. UNESCO World Heritage Site, representing "the final flowering of baroque art in Europe.” Catania
    4. 4. Ursino Castle is the home of the Civic Museum created using private local collections, in particular the archaeological ones of Prince Biscari, admired by Goethe, and those of the Benedictines. Castelul adăposteşte Muzeul Oraşului, creat din colecţii particulare, în special cea a prinţului Biscari (atât de admirat de Goethe) şi cea a Benedictinilor
    5. 6. T hrough this building Frederic II Hohenstaufen meant to punish the rebellious town. The plan of the massive building recalls that of the Arabic castles, squared-based, strengthened by four 30 mt. high towers. Along the centuries the Castello became an important military fortress, it hosted the Sicilian Parliament and was changed into a prison from the 17th century to 1931. Today the building houses the Town Museum Fortăreaţa a fost în primul rând ridicată cu scopul de a pedepsi oraşul rebel. Planul său masiv aminteşte de castelele arabe, cu baza patrată şi străjuit de turnuri de colţ înalte de 30 de metri. De-a lungul secolelor a devenit o importantă fortăreaţă militară, a adăpostit Parlamentul Sicilian şi a fost apoi transformată în închisoare din secolul XVII până în anul 1931. Acum adăposteşte Muzeul Oraşului
    6. 7. Frederick II, universally referred to as “Stupor Mundi” - the Wonder of the World - , was crowned king of Sicily in 1198, he was enlightened, a scientist, a poet, a philosopher and a despotic prince as well. He died in 1250 and was buried in the Cathedral of Palermo, in “his Sicily”, up to his own express desire. Frederic II (Împărat al Sfântului Imperiu Roman de naţiune germană ), universal cunoscut drept „Minunea Lumii” a fost încoronat rege al Siciliei în 1198: era un savant, poet, filozof şi un despot luminat. A murit în 1250 şi a fost înmormântat conform dorinţei sale exprese „în Sicilia lui” în catedrala din Palermo.
    7. 10. The Emperor never lived in the castle. Yet, between the end of the XIV century  and the beginning  of the XV century it became official residence of various kings and their courts, under both the Anjou’s and the Aragonese families
    8. 11. Born in 1719, Ignazio Paternò Castello, the Prince of Biscari, was responsible for the archaeological excavations at Castrogiovanni, Centurie and Camarina. Many of the Classical finds in the museum come from the private collection of this celebrated personality. Statuia prin ţului Biscari. O mare parte din exponatele Muzeului Civic provin din colecţia particulară a acestuia
    9. 12. The building is a large complex with a central court, each side of which is about 50 meters long, its walls are made of lava stone and are 2,50 meters thick. Castelul are o curte interioară cu laturile de cca 50 metri lungime, iar zidurile din lavă au o grosime de circa 2,5 metri
    10. 14. Throughout the centuries the castle was transformed and restructured, during the XVI century it was surrounded with city walls and it was further fortified in the XVII century.
    11. 15. De-a lungul secolelor castelul a fost transformat şi restructurat, în secolul XVI a fost înconjurat cu ziduri de apărare şi a fost apoi fortificat în secolul XVII
    12. 17. Inside, it hosts the Biscari’s, Asmundo’s  and Benedictines’ collections, besides a rich picture-gallery where most of the artworks are donations from  private collectors from Catania.
    13. 18. Muzeul a fost creat din trei colecţii importante: colecţia prinţului Biscari, cea a Benedictinilor şi cea a contelui Asmundo. Muzeul are de asemenea o importantă galerie de pictură, formată din donaţiile cetăţenilor oraşului. Ignazio Paternò Castello, the Prince of Biscari
    14. 19. Attic Janiform Rhyton Pygmi
    15. 20. Lekythos attico a fig nere (510s aC)
    16. 21. Mosaico romano (Utere feliciter), sec. IV d.C
    17. 22. Mosaico romano (Utere feliciter), sec. IV d.C Ancient Roman mosaic (4st century AD) representing putti diplaying the inscription "VTERE / FELICITER", which could be freely translated as "Enjoy life”
    18. 25. Sarcofago romano Ulisse e Polifemo (sec._III)
    19. 27. Sec. VI a.C. : Testa di Kouros
    20. 28. Statua di Eracle, arte romana del sec. II d.C. A colossal torso from an Ancient Roman statue. 1st century AD
    21. 29. Cratere attico con scena di Simposio, 400-390 aC
    22. 30. Sant'Onofrio di Bernazzano, particolare Sant'Onofrio di Bernazzano, particolare
    23. 32. Santa Lucia, particolare della tempera su tavola di autore ignoto siciliano del XV secolo La Vergine in trono col bambino di Antonello De Saliba
    24. 33. Il Pantocratore, la Vergine e San Giovanni di ignoto maestro bizantino Testa di Redentore su fondo oro
    25. 34. Ultima cena di Luis de Morales
    26. 35. Caravaggio, Flagellation,
    27. 36. PIETRO NOVELLI, San Cristoforo , 1637 Deesis
    28. 37. PAOLO GERACI, 1627 N atività con i Santi Lorenzo e Francesco
    29. 38. MATTHIAS STOMER, Cristo Deriso , 1640
    30. 39. La vergine in trono tra San Nicola e San Spiridione
    31. 41. Adorazione dei magi di Simone de Wobreck
    32. 43. Ambito Meridionale, Rebecca al pozzo , sec. XVII Ambito napoletano, Mosè e la caduta della manna , sec. XVII
    33. 45. Antonino Gandolfo (1841 - 1910) Ritratto della Regina Elena
    34. 47. Giuseppe Gandolfo
    35. 48. Portrait of his sister-in-law, Anna Brancaleone by Giuseppe Gandolfo, 1823
    36. 49. Portrait of his niece, Clementina by Giuseppe Gandolfo (detail)
    37. 51. "To have seen Italy without having seen Sicily is not to have seen Italy at all, for Sicily is the clue to everything." Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Arrivederci Catania
    38. 52. Sound : Antonina Sergi - Ninna nanna Musica de peliculas - El Padrino ( preludio y siciliana) Text & pictures : Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors. Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

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