http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1893193-bali51/
5151
A symbol is something that represents something else. Balinese
culture is very rich in symbolism. It seems that everything...
Writing can be just as sacred
as the message it conveys.
One story says that Saraswati,
the goddess of poetry, brought
hum...
The anthropologist Lansing
has made the point that
letters are used to create
poetry. Poetry is a vehicle for
the imaginat...
Powerful symbolic writing on pieces of white cloth, Ulap-ulap,
hang above doorways in Balinese homes. A Ulap symbol is
use...
Gilimanuk
Gilimanuk
Sounds tend to represent different names for God. The most famous is OM,
which represents Brahma or Sanghyang Widi Wasa or...
Frangipani
(Plumeria sp)
These trees are
grown everywhere
in Bali because the
blossoms are very
fragrant and
popularly use...
Frangipani
Frangipani
Frangipani
Mandala Garuda Wisnu Kencana, or Garuda Wisnu Kencana (GWK), is a 240
hectares private cultural park on the Bukit Peninsul...
Wisnu Kencana (GWK),
Wisnu Kencana (GWK),
Flowers
carry
prayers
and make
them
effective
Rice is symbolic of life. After praying in the temple, the priest gives the worshippers some grains of wet rice to press a...
A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice
Rice
Bungan Pucuk, that is the
Balinese name for Hibiscus.
There are many varieties and
colors from solid red to solid
white, a...
Mountains symbolize the
dwelling places of the gods.
They also climb towards the
sky.
Temples, in their three
divisions, s...
The Balinese people have strong
spiritual roots and despite the large
influx of tourists in recent years,
their culture is...
Dance movements
come out of each
other in a
continuum of
gestures which has
no break and no
jumping - except for
some demo...
Although masks have evolved over the
years, most of them are the primitive
masks used for tribal ceremonies
The vast
majority of
the Balinese
believe in
Agama
Tirta, "holy-
water
religion".
It is a
Shivaite
sect of
Hinduism.
Trave...
Indonesia’s tallest Buddha statue
(25m), located at Vihara Empu
Astapaka temple complex in
Gilimanuk (June 6, 2013)
Bali is also known
as the Island of the
Gods, probably in
literal sense as well,
as gods are
everywhere. Their
presence ca...
Dewa Ruci Statue is located at the Kuta roundabout (Simpang Siur).
Peace Statue in culture park
made in honour of the vict...
Dewa Ruci is a character of
Bima (one of the Five
Pandavas) against the dragon
who tried to coil around and
drown the worl...
The lotus also has a close
connection with Balinese
culture. In Balinese scripture
Danghyang Dwijendra
stated Bali as Padm...
Orchids are
a favourite
decorative
flower in
Bali, and
they are
cultivated
everywhere.
There are
many
different
colors,
sh...
Pedandas,
Brahman high
priests, and
pemangkus,
ordinary temple
priests, use
elaborate hand
movements called
mudras, during...
Certain colours symbolise
certain gods. Colours also
symbolise characters in
plays; for example, Rama
always has a green m...
Gamelan musicians perform
during the Balinese Arts Festival
Gamelan musicians perform
during the Balinese Arts Festival
Some ceremonies are
themselves symbolic, such
as a tooth-filing, which
eliminates animal-like
behaviour, such as lust,
gre...
Various cloths
are used in
ceremonies,
particularly
during rites of
passage. They
form part of the
offerings. These
sacred...
Batik
The traditional
bebali were made
by hand, using
cagcag, a
traditional weaving
tool, and plants as
natural dyes.
Bebali tex...
Many animals are symbolic.
The goose is the only animal in
Bali that can live in the sea, on
the land and in the air. As a...
Water cleans symbolically.
Holy water is sprinkled on
everything. It purifies. Holy
water is used so extensively
that Bali...
Believers of
Balinese
Hinduism see
monkeys as an
embodiment of
both positive and
negative forces.
A monkey
stealing a
farm...
Bali Starling (Leucopsar rothschildi)
The Greater Bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea apoda)Rhino horned toucan
The Golden Pheasant or "Chinese Pheasant",
(Chrysolophus pictus)
Taman Ayun Temple, Mengwi
Royal Kingdom Temple
3,5,7,9 and 11 are extremely
important in determining
activities.
Each god ...
Every day, Balinese children carry the
offerings to the spirits to their school
Babies wear a necklace
containing the drie...
Text: Internet
Pictures: Internet & Nicoleta Leu
Copyright: All the images belong to their authors
Presentation: Sanda Foi...
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
Bali 51 Enchanting Bali
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Bali 51 Enchanting Bali

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A symbol is something that represents something else. Balinese culture is very rich in symbolism. It seems that everything is symbolic and that even the symbols are symbolic.

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  • Erythrina fusca
  • Bali 51 Enchanting Bali

    1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1893193-bali51/
    2. 2. 5151
    3. 3. A symbol is something that represents something else. Balinese culture is very rich in symbolism. It seems that everything is symbolic and that even the symbols are symbolic.
    4. 4. Writing can be just as sacred as the message it conveys. One story says that Saraswati, the goddess of poetry, brought humans into existence by the use of writing. Written symbols represent different aspects of God and are often joined together. Powerful symbolic writing on pieces of white cloth, Ulap-ulap, hang above doorways in Balinese homes. Written symbols are written on the teeth of a person about to have his or her teeth filed. Written symbols are also placed on offerings and on the shroud of a deceased person
    5. 5. The anthropologist Lansing has made the point that letters are used to create poetry. Poetry is a vehicle for the imagination. This allows us to see beyond the surface appearance of things Gilimanuk
    6. 6. Powerful symbolic writing on pieces of white cloth, Ulap-ulap, hang above doorways in Balinese homes. A Ulap symbol is used to purifying the building (restaurant). Balinese believe before they build a building they must ask the permission of every spirit in the surrounding area of the building to purify the process.
    7. 7. Gilimanuk
    8. 8. Gilimanuk
    9. 9. Sounds tend to represent different names for God. The most famous is OM, which represents Brahma or Sanghyang Widi Wasa or God. You will often hear priests intone this sound. The sound is made up of the letters which symbolize the Trinity, which is Brahma, the Creator, who is symbolized by the letter A, Wisnu, the Preserver of Life, who is symbolized by the letter U and Siwa the Destroyer, who is symbolized by the letter M. This spells AUM or OM. OM is the most important sound in Bali and starts every stanza of every mantra and prayer
    10. 10. Frangipani (Plumeria sp) These trees are grown everywhere in Bali because the blossoms are very fragrant and popularly used in offerings and for hair decorations. Balinese call it Jepun
    11. 11. Frangipani
    12. 12. Frangipani
    13. 13. Frangipani
    14. 14. Mandala Garuda Wisnu Kencana, or Garuda Wisnu Kencana (GWK), is a 240 hectares private cultural park on the Bukit Peninsula at the southern end of the island of Bali, 15 minutes from Ngurah Rai International Airport. Bukit is a limestone plateau with Uluwatu to the west and Nusa Dua to the east. It is devoted to the Hindu god Vishnu, and his mount, Garuda, the mythical bird who is his companion. Currently, the statue of Vishnu is 23 metres (75.5 ft) high, although the original plan was for a 146-metre (479 ft) gold-plated Vishnu riding Garuda on top of an 11-storey entertainment complex
    15. 15. Wisnu Kencana (GWK),
    16. 16. Wisnu Kencana (GWK),
    17. 17. Flowers carry prayers and make them effective
    18. 18. Rice is symbolic of life. After praying in the temple, the priest gives the worshippers some grains of wet rice to press against their foreheads, temples and throats and to eat
    19. 19. A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice
    20. 20. Rice
    21. 21. Bungan Pucuk, that is the Balinese name for Hibiscus. There are many varieties and colors from solid red to solid white, and various mixtures. The roots, leaves, and flowers can be used as medicines. The flowers are a favorite for use in offerings
    22. 22. Mountains symbolize the dwelling places of the gods. They also climb towards the sky. Temples, in their three divisions, symbolize the underworld of evil spirits, man and God, each courtyard being reached by a flight of steps and higher than the previous one
    23. 23. The Balinese people have strong spiritual roots and despite the large influx of tourists in recent years, their culture is still very much alive. Dance is the main art from Balinese culture as well as the important part of nearly every ritual in Bali. Balinese dance can not be separated from religion. Even dances for the tourists are always preceded by a small offering of food and flowers.
    24. 24. Dance movements come out of each other in a continuum of gestures which has no break and no jumping - except for some demonic or animal characters. The expression is completed by mimicry of the face. Even the eyes are dancing.
    25. 25. Although masks have evolved over the years, most of them are the primitive masks used for tribal ceremonies
    26. 26. The vast majority of the Balinese believe in Agama Tirta, "holy- water religion". It is a Shivaite sect of Hinduism. Traveling Indian priests are said to have introduced the people to the sacred literature of Hinduism and Buddhism centuries ago.
    27. 27. Indonesia’s tallest Buddha statue (25m), located at Vihara Empu Astapaka temple complex in Gilimanuk (June 6, 2013)
    28. 28. Bali is also known as the Island of the Gods, probably in literal sense as well, as gods are everywhere. Their presence can be felt in statues, temples and offerings. In Bali, contrary to other parts of Indonesia where the majority of the population is Muslim, about half of the people are Hindu. The Balinese honour there gods and spirits enthusiastically, and temples and statues can be found everywhere, even house- temples in the
    29. 29. Dewa Ruci Statue is located at the Kuta roundabout (Simpang Siur). Peace Statue in culture park made in honour of the victims to died in the 2002 Bali Bombings
    30. 30. Dewa Ruci is a character of Bima (one of the Five Pandavas) against the dragon who tried to coil around and drown the world. The statue was created by I Wayan Winten, a sculptor from Teges Peliatan, Ubud.
    31. 31. The lotus also has a close connection with Balinese culture. In Balinese scripture Danghyang Dwijendra stated Bali as Padma Bhuwana, or “lotus flower” of this planet. The lotus flower is the king of all flowers (Raja Kesuma) and referred to in various stories. Balinese temples contain many structures and one of the most important is the Padmasana or Lotus Throne (in Sanskrit the word for lotus is padma). The Padmasana is a tall sculptured stone tower upon which the empty stone seat, or lotus throne, is reserved for Sanghyang Widi Wasa (the Supreme God)
    32. 32. Orchids are a favourite decorative flower in Bali, and they are cultivated everywhere. There are many different colors, shapes, and sizes, so it is difficult to make general statements that apply to all. Some grow in the ground terrestrial, some (epiphytic) grow on other trees and plants.
    33. 33. Pedandas, Brahman high priests, and pemangkus, ordinary temple priests, use elaborate hand movements called mudras, during ceremonies, which have symbolic meanings. Zoete and Spies said that a dancer's hand movements were faint relics of a sign language. Wayang puppets have similar hand gestures Elaborate hand movements accompany even everyday offerings Vishnu hands (GWK)
    34. 34. Certain colours symbolise certain gods. Colours also symbolise characters in plays; for example, Rama always has a green mask, because he is an avatar of Wisnu, whose colour is green (or black). A white mask symbolises a refined person, red or black a coarse, rough person. This colour symbolism is carried into the faces of shadow puppets for the Wayang performances. The Balinese see the world in terms of opposites, good and bad, day and night, mountain and sea. This duality forms the whole: one cannot exist without the other. Poleng is the perfect representation of this view. The squares of equal size are perfect black and perfect white; they intersect and are not parallel.
    35. 35. Gamelan musicians perform during the Balinese Arts Festival
    36. 36. Gamelan musicians perform during the Balinese Arts Festival
    37. 37. Some ceremonies are themselves symbolic, such as a tooth-filing, which eliminates animal-like behaviour, such as lust, greed, anger, drunkenness, arrogance and jealousy. The cremation ceremony uses fire as a symbol of purification and cleansing, so that the deceased's spirit can be released and join the spirit of God.
    38. 38. Various cloths are used in ceremonies, particularly during rites of passage. They form part of the offerings. These sacred textiles are given the generic name of bebali - like the dances, which can only be performed in the inner part of the temple. These cloths have their own patterns and names. Very often there is a striped pattern. The lines symbolize the human life cycle - birth, growth and death.
    39. 39. Batik
    40. 40. The traditional bebali were made by hand, using cagcag, a traditional weaving tool, and plants as natural dyes. Bebali textiles were produced for centuries by the Bali Mula (indigenous Balinese) in Pacung village in Tejakula, Buleleng, North Bali. The Bali Mula have their own traditions and language. In general, members of the three high castes have a monopoly over the production of the bebali cloths.
    41. 41. Many animals are symbolic. The goose is the only animal in Bali that can live in the sea, on the land and in the air. As a result it represents the three levels of the universe. If one is killed, a purification ceremony is required. Ducks are an important aspect in the ecology of Bali’s wet-rice agriculture. Ducks are herded into fields well prior to harvest so that they will eat algae and insect pests, as well as fertilize the fields with their droppings. They later are kept away from ripening fields so that they do not eat the rice itself Ducks and chickens are frequently used in ceremonies. A girl may have to kiss a live chicken or duck at her first menstruation ceremony to symbolise her identification and oneness with nature
    42. 42. Water cleans symbolically. Holy water is sprinkled on everything. It purifies. Holy water is used so extensively that Bali-Hinduism is called the holy water religion. Water has always been significant in Hindu culture. The king's association with water and rainfall is a manifestation of both his power and his purity. The worst drought in living memory in Bali broke out the day that Sukarno flew in for a visit.
    43. 43. Believers of Balinese Hinduism see monkeys as an embodiment of both positive and negative forces. A monkey stealing a farmer’s harvest would be considered a negative force, for example. But monkey troops inhabiting sacred forests and Balinese Hindu temple sites are thought to protect these sites from evil spirits and thus are respected and cared for
    44. 44. Bali Starling (Leucopsar rothschildi) The Greater Bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea apoda)Rhino horned toucan
    45. 45. The Golden Pheasant or "Chinese Pheasant", (Chrysolophus pictus)
    46. 46. Taman Ayun Temple, Mengwi Royal Kingdom Temple 3,5,7,9 and 11 are extremely important in determining activities. Each god has his (or her) own numbers. In temple each power point is represented by a multiple roofed tower called a meru. The main one was for Mount Agung, the highest mountain in Bali. It has eleven tiers that represented the eight directions, up, down and centre the totality of outer and inner space. The meru for Mount Batukaru also has eleven tiers and a nine tiers meru represents Mount Batur. Other merus represented the dominant natural features in the Mengwi kingdom, or regions of landscape that held special power, such as the mountains, the lakes the slopes, the plains and the ocean
    47. 47. Every day, Balinese children carry the offerings to the spirits to their school Babies wear a necklace containing the dried umbilical cord to ward off evil. The cord symbolizes their four invisible brothers and sisters, the Kanda Empat, who accompany them throughout life. For the Balinese people, the placenta is also considered a brother or sister to the newborn and is quickly removed and returned to the family compound. It is then cleaned by the father, blessed with holy water, wrapped in white cloth and then buried in the grounds under a rock. No one outside the family will know where it is buried to protect the placenta from evil which through black magic, (believed in by the Balinese), could then be inflicted on the living child.
    48. 48. Text: Internet Pictures: Internet & Nicoleta Leu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound: Gamelan Bamboo & Flute - Sekar Sandat

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