Bali 13 Pura Besakih2


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Besakih Temple is the biggest Hindu temple in Bali which the local people call Pura Besakih. It owns beautiful view from the top of temple area where we can see the wide nature panorama until to the ocean so that way this temple is many visited by tourists from all over the world.

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  • Besakih Temple in Hindu's Philosophy As we familiarize, that the point direction way like East, South, West, North, and middle as center point and each direction is named by Mandala. In Hindu philosophy, Panca Dewata is manifestation of Siwa God. Like Penataran Agung Temple as center, we find in its courtyard conception show the solidarity conception between the original Indonesia culture namely tradition megalithic in form of Punden Berundak-undak with the Hinduism concept. The ancient omissions which is existing in Besakih Temple complex can be classified into 2 types those are omission pertained by megalithic tradition and classic era. Besakih Temple beside as the altar for Hindu people in Bali, it is also as tourist destination which is a lot of visited by tourists.
  • Bali 13 Pura Besakih2

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    3. 3. On the road to the mother temple
    4. 4. The Mother Temple of Besakih, or Pura Besakih, in the village ofBesakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in easternBali, Indonesia, is the most important, the largest and holiesttemple of Hindu religion in Bali. The temple probably dates to thefourteenth century it was built on the south slopes of MountAgung, the principal volcano of Bali.Templul Mamă Besakih (Pura Besakih) din satul Besakih, situat pepanta Muntelui Agung în estul insulei Bali, este cel maiimportant, cel mai mare şi cel mai sfânt templu hindus dinBali.Templul datează probabil din secolul al patrusprezecelea şi afost construit pe panta sudică a Muntelui Agung, vulcanul principaldin Bali.
    5. 5. Pura Dalem Puri (or Temple of Palace Ancestors) located at the entrance of Besakih complex, A 7-tieredthatched meru. Note that all of the merus in Bali are tiered in odd-numberPura Dalem Puri (sau Templul Palatului Strămoşilor), situat la intrarea în complexul Besakih, un Meru cu 7niveluri de acoperiş; Reţineţi că toate pagodele (merus) din Bali au un număr impar de etaje (niveluri)
    6. 6. One of the many smaller pura (temples) in Besakih perched on top of a hill. These are usually called PuraPardharman (or Ancestral Temples) which make up the rest of Besakih complexUnul dintre multele pura (mici temple), din complexul Templului Besakih, cocoţat pe vârful unui deal. Acesteasunt de obicei numite Pura Pardharman (sau Templele strămăşilor) alcătuind marele complex al TempluluiMamă
    7. 7. All Banten are agift from the heartto the gods, madeas beautiful aspossible. Theyconnect humans tothe unseen worldand bring balanceand harmonybetween thepositive andnegativeforces, they are asymbol of love anddevotion.Like TibetanMandalas, theirevanescent beautyare not meant tolast, just to remindus to give our bestevery day becauseof love and belief.
    8. 8. The Besakihs name is come from the word of Basuki, the old language from Sanskrit Wasuki, and then itbecome the Ancient Java Language. In this Sanskrit, the Basuki means congratulation. In mythology ofSamudramanthana has mentioned that Basuki is a dragon that twines the Mount Mandara. The omission hascome from tradition megalithic which had been indicated that it had to be sanctified place. It seems, the Besakihis coming from very old era which is far before the existence of Hinduism influence. Hereinafter, an Ancient Baliking of Sri Kesari Warmadewa found the Merajan Selonding Temple in this temple complex area. The BesakihTemple complex is built pursuant to cosmos balance. It is based on the nature conception which isdisseminating the fundamental temple complex that is arranged to pursuant of the way direction. So, thisbuilding can deputize nature as symbolic of the world balance existence.
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    10. 10. Bali has a tropical climate and there are all yearround of this flowers. It can bewhite, red, yellow, pink or mix colours. The floweris very important among Balinese as used on thesmall offerings "Canang", a square form of youngcoconuts leave put inside any kinds of flowers, aslice of sugar cane and leaves as a thanksgivingexpression to God. Balinese called frangipani asJepun, there are "jepun bali" and "jepunjawa", the wood of jepun bali is prized bywoodcarvers for making free - formstatues, while "jepun jawa" trunk is softer thenthe bali one but the "jepun jawa" is the widelydistributed, it can be found in every type ofenvironment from the house compound tilltemple yards. The bali frangipani is in a smallersize then the jawa one. Women thread thisflower in their hair, men wear them behind an earor stuck in "udeng", a head band.
    11. 11. Udeng is the namefor a headband toa Balinese man.
    12. 12. Udeng used by the Balinese, during traditional ceremonies, traditionalgathering, religious activities, religious holidays, and sometimes are usedevery day by parents and religious leaders. Udeng used by the Balinese, sowhen the Balinese go to the temple, their hair is not messy / neat. Because, ifthe hairs break off and fall in the temple area, it is dirty, it can interfere withthe sanctity of the temple.
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    15. 15. Text : Internet Pictures: Nicoleta Leu & Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu Shekeha Gamelan - Gending Tabuh Suling