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Bali 33 Serangan island


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Serangan is a small island lying just off Bali 's southern coast near Sanur or some 7 km from downtown Denpasar. It has an area of only 180 acres (73 hectare) and a population of about 3,000 and is known principally for its turtles and one of Bali 's six most sacred temples Pura Sakenan

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Bali 33 Serangan island

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  3. 3. Serangan is a small island lying just off Balis southern coast near Sanuror some 7 km from downtown Denpasar. It has an area of only 180acres (73 hectare) and a population of about 3,000 and is knownprincipally for its turtles and one of Bali s six most sacred temples PuraSakenan.Serangan is too dry for wet rice farming, but its residents grow corn,maize, peanuts and beans. Some islanders earn a living making shelltrinkets to sell to the tourists who come here in ever increasingnumbers. But the trade in another distinctive item is even more crucialto the local economy.Serangan, the small island that lies off the Balinese coastline just southof Sanur, has long played an important role in local religious history.Despite its size, there are actually four temple compounds found on theisland and Pura Sakenan is considered one of the holiest sites ofworship for Balinese Hindu’s.
  4. 4. Serangan Island is inhabited by over 3,000 people andalmost half of them are involved in the fishing industry.Interestingly enough there is also a local Bugis communityof approximately 300 Muslims who live side by side withthe Hindu’s complete harmony. There is a rare mutualrespect that exists between these two ethnic groups.Serangan Island is also known as Turtle Island as for manyyears it was nesting ground for the Green Sea Turtle.Locals used to catch the live turtles as well as their eggsfor consumption and unfortunately this exploitation resultedin the near elimination of all turtles in this area. In 1999 passed a law that prohibits the capture, sale,consumption and possession of turtles. Turtle meat is adelicacy and used in ceremonial feasts.In 2004 with the aid of international funding a TurtleConservation and Education Centre was established on theisland and the government imposed a strict ban on turtletrading. With local help, the aim of this centre is to nurturethe growth of newly hatched turtles and release them at anage where survival rates are quite favourable. Thefishermen of Serangan now try to safeguard these oceancreatures to prevent extinction.
  5. 5. There is also a turtle-egghatchery on the island.The turtle conservation has 10basins as breeding receptacle(turtle rehabilitation) wherecurrently it has three kinds ofturtles, namely green, crackedand scaled turtle.This conservation is alsoequipped with diorama toprovide information on the lifeof turtle from laying eggs up tothe breeding period as well asa room to watch documentaryfilms on turtle population,spacious parking lot, toilet andcanteen.
  6. 6. Green turtles are widelyharvested for meat in manytropical countries. An estimated100,000 are killed in the Indo-Australian archipelago eachyear.Equally as worrying are the highnumbers, in some areas, ofgreen turtles suffering fromdebilitating and potentially lethaltumours. The cause of thesetumours is unknown but there issuspicion that increasingchemical pollution levels mightmake turtles more vulnerable.
  7. 7. Green turtles are named afterthe greenish colour of theircartilage and the fat depositsaround their internal organs, butare black-brown or greenishyellow in colour. The carapace isoval when viewed from above,and the head is relatively smalland blunt.SizeFrom 80 to 150cm in length andup to 130kg in weight.ColourDark black-brown or greenishyellow.The green sea turtle (Cheloniamydas), also known as thegreen turtle, black (sea) turtle,or Pacific green turtle, is a largesea turtle of the familyCheloniidae
  8. 8. Turtle meat is a delicacyand used in ceremonialfeasts. The traditional usesof turtle on Bali were oncedeemed sustainable, buthave been questionedconsidering greater demandfrom the larger andwealthier human population.The harvest was the mostintensive in the world.
  9. 9. In 1999, Indonesia restrictedturtle trade and consumptionbecause of the decreasingpopulation and threat of atourist boycott.It rejected a request made byBali Governor I Made MangkuPastika in November 2009 toset a quota of 1,000 turtles tobe killed in Hindu religiousceremonies.While conservationists respectthe need for turtles in rituals,they wanted a smaller quota
  10. 10. Lifespan:unknown, but sexualmaturity occurs anywherebetween 20-50 yearsDiet:sea grasses and algae
  11. 11. Behavior:females return to thesame beaches wherethey were born ("natal"beaches) every 2-4 yearsto lay eggs, generally inthe summer months
  12. 12. Green turtles are the largestof all the hard-shelled seaturtles, but have acomparatively small head.This one is 70 years old andweighs 80 kg
  13. 13. Porcupines are rodents with a coat of sharp spines, orquills, that defend and camouflage them from predators.
  14. 14. The black flying fox, Pteropus alecto, is a megabat in the family Pteropodidae. Members of the genus Pteropusinclude the largest bats in the world. Black flying foxes are native to Australia, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.
  15. 15. Bali Hornbill
  16. 16. Hornbills (Bucerotidae) are afamily of bird found in tropicaland subtropical Africa, Asiaand Melanesia.They are characterized by along, down-curved bill whichis frequently brightly-coloredand sometimes has a casqueon the upper mandible. Boththe common English and thescientific name of the familyrefer to the shape of the bill,"buceros" being "cow horn" inGreek.In addition, they possess atwo-lobed kidney. Hornbillsare the only birds in which thefirst two neck vertebrae (theaxis and atlas) are fusedtogether; this probablyprovides a more stableplatform for carrying the bill.
  17. 17. Bali Hornbill The magnificent Brahminy Kite Haliaster Indus with its white head, neck and chest and cinnamon- bronze colored wings is a common sight in both the Malaysian and Thai islands where it is a resident. These birds often scavenge around harbors but are also found well inland. They are relatively small (up to 48 cm or 19 inches long) and fly with swift kite-like flight pattern. They feed on small rodents, snakes and carrion. Brahminy kites are found all across SE Asia, and west to the Indian sub-continent.
  18. 18. Brahminy Kite Haliaster Indus
  19. 19. Pura Sakenan isconsidered one of theholiest sites of worship forBalinese Hindu’s.The origin of PuraSakenan dates back toaround 1250 during thereign of Raja Sri MasulaMasuli when it was builtby Mpu Kuturan.However, shrines,pagodas and otherreligious elements wereadded during the 15thCentury by Dang HyangNiratha, a priest who wasalso responsible for themagnificent cliff toptemple at Uluwatu.
  20. 20. Text : Internet Pictures: Nicoleta Leu & Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu Bali World Music, Gus Teja, Beauty in Colors