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Armenia30 Armenian Alphabet

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The Armenian alphabet was introduced by Saint Mesrop Mashtots and Isaac of Armenia (Sahak Partev) in AD 405. Mesrop Mashtots is thus one of the most venerated Armenian figures of all time. Under the guidance of Catholicos Sahak Partev and King Vramshapuh, Mashtots was able to create the 36-letter alphabet (three were added later) that defined an entire nation

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Armenia30 Armenian Alphabet

  1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-2509878-armenia30/
  2. 2. The Armenian alphabet was introduced by Saint Mesrop Mashtots and Isaac of Armenia (Sahak Partev) in AD 405. Medieval Armenian sources also claim that Mashtots invented the Georgian and Caucasian Albanian alphabets around the same time. Traditionally, the following phrase translated from Solomon's Book of Proverbs is said to be the first sentence to be written down in Armenian by Mashtots: “To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding” 1650th anniversary of the Birth of Mesrop Mashtots
  3. 3. Mesrop Mashtots was born in 362 AD and died in 440 AD. He was truly a Renaissance man, as he was in the military, a clergyman, linguist, and scholar. He translated many important works and established schools and monasteries. His life was documented by several biographers, namely Koriun and Agatangelos Statue of Mesrop Mashtots and his pupil Koryun by Ghukas Chubaryan (1923-2009) located in front of the Matenadaran. The Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, commonly referred to as the Matenadaran, is an ancient manuscript repository located in Yerevan
  4. 4. Statue of Saint Mesrop Mashtots, founder of the Armenian alphabet, at the Matenadaran Institute of Ancient Manuscripts in Yerevan, Armenia. The Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, (Matenadaran)
  5. 5. Saint Mesrop Mashtots by Khoren Der Harootian (1909-1991)
  6. 6. Mesrop Mashtots is thus one of the most venerated Armenian figures of all time. Under the guidance of Catholicos Sahak Partev and King Vramshapuh, Mashtots was able to create the 36-letter alphabet (two were added later) that defined an entire nation. Often Mesrop Mashtots is depicted holding a stone embossing of the alphabet. This scene is very similar to that of Moses holding the Ten Commandments, which God himself gaveOshakan, headstone of Mesrop “A country that is limited to only oral communication is in imminent danger of assimilation.”
  7. 7. In October 2005 (the 1600th anniversary of the alphabet or «aybuben») the heart of the celebrations was the fifth century church in the village of Oshakan, which was built to honour Mesrob and where he is buried
  8. 8. For the celebrations, the churchyard featured the alphabet in spectacular ways – Mesrob’s thirty-six original letters cut from turf in the gardens
  9. 9. The entire alphabet in the form of two-metre-high sculptures, carved from Armenian red tufa stone in the style of the khachkars, or cross-stones.
  10. 10. In 2005, the Armenian alphabet celebrated its 1600th birthday. In commemoration, it was given a gift of 39 giant, carved Armenian letters, strategically placed near the final resting place of the man who created the alphabet, Mesrop Mashtots
  11. 11. Monument to Armenian letters in the village of Oshakan, Armenia
  12. 12. To honor his work, Armenian architect J. Torosyan created the stone carvings of every letter near Mashtots' final resting place in 2005
  13. 13. Linguists say the Armenian alphabet is one of the oldest in the world that is still in use. It has proved remarkably durable, surviving a carousel of empires, vast migrations and even genocide. Armenia is a small country with a big Diaspora, and its language is valued as the glue that has held the community together
  14. 14. More recently, many Armenians have immigrated all over the world and once again there is a threat to the “Armenian Identity”, as they become susceptible to assimilation into foreign cultures. However, it is the native language, which unites Armenians around the globe
  15. 15. "Armenians have a bit of a love affair with their language“
  16. 16. And it’s no wonder there is such an attempt by Armenian parents as well as educators, to maintain the use of the language no matter where they live
  17. 17. Picture of the Armenian Cross made on velvet, a masterpiece of Marash embroidery. The cross stone is a symbol of the Armenian people's deep rooted faith, even in the face of most vicious adversities. The original, carved on stone, was brought to Holy Echmiadzin Monastery, in 1279 from the region of Mt.
  18. 18. Digital Art Mandala from Armenian Alphabet by Bedros Awak
  19. 19. Mount Aragats It is the highest point in Armenia (4,090 m) It is a standalone extinct volcano with four main peaks forming the rim of the crater
  20. 20. Legend holds that when Saint Gregory the Illuminator prayed one day on Mount Aragats a miraculous ever-burning lantern hanging from the heavens came down to shed light on him. Armenians believe that the Illuminator’s lantern is still there, and only those pure in heart and spirit can see the eternal lantern — the symbol of hopes and dreams of the nation
  21. 21. Puschkinia scilloides Aragats gem (very easy grown species from Mnt.Aragats)
  22. 22. There are not one but two locations where giant stone letters are placed like so many statues, one set under the trees in the garden next to the Church of Saint Mesrop Mashtots in Oshakan, the other on a hillside facing Mount Aragats, the highest point in Armenia
  23. 23. Aparan Alphabet park
  24. 24. Aparan is a town in Armenia, located in the Aragatsotn Province, about 50 kilometers northwest of the capital Yerevan. Modern-day Aparan is built on the eastern slopes of Mount Aragats with an elevation of 1880 metres above sea level Aparan Alphabet park Gregory the Illuminator
  25. 25. Mkhitar Gosh, sculptor Samvel Hakobyan Mkhitar Gosh (1130–1213) was an Armenian scholar, writer, public figure
  26. 26. Tumanyan's heroes, (sculptor S. Gharibyan)
  27. 27. "Armenian alphabet monument" is located at the east side bottom of Mt. Aragats. It was erected in 2005 to the 1600 anniversary of creation of the Armenian alphabet by the design of the famous Armenian architect Jim Torosyan.
  28. 28. Anania Shirakatsi Armenian Philosopher Anania Shirakatsi monument, sculptor Artush Papoyan
  29. 29. The monument is an interesting demonstration of the stone carvings of 39 Armenian letters. The Armenian alphabet has been used to write the Armenian language since the year 405 or 406 and is still used to present Armenian language in written form. It was devised by Saint Mesrop Mashtots, an Armenian linguist and ecclesiastical leader, in order to make the Bible accessible to Armenians and spread Christianity. Originally it contained 36 letters and had been completed in the Middle Ages.
  30. 30. Khachatur Abovyan Armenian writer and national public figure of the early 19th century
  31. 31. Saint Mesrop Mashtots
  32. 32. Aparan Alphabet park and The Monument of Cross On the road from Yerevan to Aparan on the hill near the “Letters’ Park” is replaced the metallic cross with 33 meters high
  33. 33. Armenia is the world’s oldest Christian country; it officially adopted Christianity in 301 CE, decades before Constantine made it the official religion of the Roman Empire
  34. 34. The cross consists of 1712 big and small crosses which symbolise the past years after adopting the Christianity as an official religion in Armenia
  35. 35. The height 301 of the stony chapel which serves as a pedestal for the cross is also symbolizing the Christianity adopted as an official religion
  36. 36. At last the height of the cross with 33 meters is also symbolizing, as Jesus Christ was crossed at the very age
  37. 37. Grigor Khanjyan (1926–2000) Creation of Armenian Alphabet, Khanjyan Gallery - Cafesjian Center for the Arts - Yerevan
  38. 38. Sound: Ruben Hakhverdyan & Lilit Pipoyan - Ari Im Soxak; Ruben Harutyunyan and Samvel Yervinyan - Sands of time (by Elon Sarafian); The Lark Farm - Ov sirun, sirun Text: Internet Pictures: Internet Sanda Foişoreanu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

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