Valladolid Architectural exuberance3


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San Gregorio, commissioned by the prelate of Palencia, Bishop Alonso de Burgos, confessor to Queen Isabella, was built between 1488 and 1496. San Gregorio's architect was Juan Guas, but the decoration of the facade has been attributed variously to Enrique de Egas; Simón de Colonia and to the great Gil de Silöe.

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  • El edificio, de finales del siglo XV, y lugar de enseñanza teológica de notable autoridad, es un ejemplo de la transición a la modernidad en la arquitectura española. Destaca en él su fachada, de estilo isabelino con apuntes renacentistas, labrada en piedra y con aspecto de retablo que contiene elementos relativos a la educación y sus beneficios y atribuida a Gil de Siloé. Notable es también su patio de dos pisos, unidos por una espectacular escalera. Su decoración es refinada, con elementos de época gótica como hojarascas y la ostentación del poder de los Reyes Católicos a través de la simbología de yugos y flechas. El claustro bajo está formado por arcos de medio punto, sobre altas columnas helicoidales y el alto con ventanales con calados y bellas tracerías, todo en piedra. Hoy, recién rehabilitado (18/09/2009), alberga una singular colección de escultura religiosa de escultores de la talla de Juan de Juni, Gregorio Fernández, Berruguete y Pedro de Mena, entre otros.
  • Valladolid Architectural exuberance3

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Valladolid is the capital city of theautonomous region of Castile andLeón and the Province of Valladolidin north-western Spain. It has apopulation of 313,437 people,making it Spains 13th mostpopulous municipality andnorthwestern Spains biggest city.Valladolid was originally settled inpre-Roman times by the CelticVaccaei people. The CatholicMonarchs, Isabel I of Castile andFerdinand II of Aragon, married inValladolid in 1469 and establishedit as the capital of the Kingdom ofCastile and later of united Spain.Christopher Columbus died inValladolid in 1506, while authorsFrancisco de Quevedo and Miguelde Cervantes lived and worked inthe city.
    3. 3. The Colegio de SanGregorio is ahistorical building inValladolid, Spain,currently housing theNational Museum ofSculpture. It is oneof the best examplesof architecture in theperiod of theCatholic Monarchs inSpain (late 15th-early 16th centuries),and was founded asa Theology Collegefor the Dominican
    4. 4. Juan Guas, also spelled Was (born in Saint-Pol-de-Léon—died c1496, Toledo), the central figure of the group of Spanish architects who developed the Isabelline style, a combination of medieval structure, Mudéjar (Spanish Muslim) ornament, and Italian spatial design. One of the greatest architects working in late- Gothic Spain, he drew on Flemish medieval elements imaginatively mixed with Moorish themes from Toledo. He was a major influence on the Isabelline style.He designed the Franciscan Monastery of San Juan de los Reyes,Toledo (from 1476), which incorporates muqarnas under the springingof the vaults. His style can best be seen at the castle of El Real deManzanares, near Madrid (1475–9), with vigorously modeled muqarnascornice, and at the Palace of El Infantado, Guadalajara (1480–3),where the façade is enriched with projecting diamond-shaped stonesarranged in a rhomboid grid all over the wall.He worked at the Cathedrals of Segovia and Toledo, and designed theChapel of the Dominican College of San Gregorio, Valladolid (1487–9).Pórtico del Colegio de San Gregorio de Valladolid; León Auguste Asselineau; 1842.Litografía a lápiz
    5. 5. San Gregorio, commissionedby the prelate of Palencia,Bishop Alonso de Burgos,confessor to Queen Isabella,was built between 1488 and1496.
    6. 6. The Colegiode SanGregorio, theremarkable,incrediblyornate (JanMorris called it"almostedible"), late15th-centuryIsabeline-Gothicbuilding inwhich theMuseoNaciónal deEscultura is
    7. 7. In main eardrum and on the threshold decorated with Flower of lily appears the dedication and the offering of the School onthe part of the Dominican friar Alonso de Burgos to San Gregorio in the presence of San Pablo and Santo Domingo .
    8. 8. The most extraordinarysculpted facade of all inValladolid is that of theColegio de San Gregorio,adorned not just with coats ofarms and crowned lions, butsculpted twigs, naked childrenclambering in the branches ofa pomegranate tree and long-haired men carrying maces.Considered to be from theworkshop of master sculptorGil de Siloé, it’s very much likeicing on a cake. The collegiatechurch was built by the Bishopof Burgos – Chancellor ofCastile and confessor toQueen Isabel – as atheological college, and wasrichly endowed, mostobviously with a gleaming two-tier courtyard of twisted stonecolumns, and an upper gallerythat’s a sculpted flight of fancyof heraldic, mythic and regalsymbols.
    9. 9. The facade lookslike a giant floridGothic altarpiece,except that thefigures, includingthe huge heraldicemblem of Castileand León, arelargely secular.The delicacy andintricacy of much ofthe stonework,obviously anexceptionallylaboriousaccomplishment, isamazing.
    10. 10. San Gregorios architectwas Juan Guas, but thedecoration of the facadehas been attributedvariously to Enrique deEgas; Simón de Colonia,who planned the splendidLa Cartuja de Mirafloresand Capilla de losCondestables in Burgos,and executed the facadeon the church of SanPablo in Valladolid; and tothe great Gil de Silöe,believed to have been anative of Antwerp, whoworked on both Mirafloresand the Cathedral ofBurgos with Simón, and isbelieved to have workedon the church at Arandade Duero with him as well.
    11. 11. Opt for acollaborationbetween theseforeign artists, forwhom, asSacheverellSitwell describes,"It is theEspagnolade of aforeigner, asmuch so as thedrawings ofGustave Doré orthe music ofCarmen."(
    12. 12. Hombres silvestres en la Fachada delColegio de San Gregorio
    13. 13. Inside, too, the buildinghas been majesticallyrestored and now containsthe unmissable religiousart and sculpture collectionof the Museo Nacional.The National Museum ofReligious Sculpture is partof the College of SanGregorio, and is the bestsculpture museum inSpain.
    14. 14. The great patioof San Gregoriois exceptionallyrich.
    15. 15. Beautifully turnedbarley-sugarcolumns supporta second-floorgallery ofarchways filledwith profusely-decorated,intricately-carvedstone balconies,each with threeshort columnssupporting adouble-arched,heavily-decoratedpanel.
    16. 16. Running below thegargoyle-studdedroofline is a friezedecorated with arepetitive yoke-and-arrows (the symbol ofIsabel and Ferdinand)motif that is broken ateach corner by the coat-of-arms of the unifiedkingdoms of Castilla,León, and Aragón.
    17. 17. The patio of theSchool is ofsquare plant andrepresents one ofstyle jewelshispanoflamenco.Their two floorsrise on helicalpillars decoratedtheir separatedcapitals withaverage balls andlilies both by thesubject of thechain.
    18. 18. The area is in the middle of the famous Castilian plateau, the MesetaCentral, which also means that the climate of Valladolid is subject to thesame extremes–bitterly cold in winter, blazing hot in summer - as therest of Castile.
    19. 19. Valladolid was the site of a number of significant events in Spanishhistory, including the wedding of Isabel and Ferdinand; the death ofChristopher Columbus; the births of Philip II, Philip IV, and Anne ofAustria (mother of Louis XIV of France); and a three-year sojourn byCervantes, during which Don Quixote was published (1605).
    20. 20. On the morningof October 19,1469, themarriage tookplace betweenIsabella andFerdinand, heirsrespectively tothe thrones ofCastile andAragon thatwould have far-reaching
    21. 21. they were both teenagers,the older, Isabella, being 18years-old and her husband,Ferdinand, 17; since theywere cousins they married insecret and required specialpapal dispensation, whichturned out to be a forgeryconcocted by Ferdinand andhis supporters;
    22. 22. Together, Ferdinand andIsabella laid thefoundations of Spain’sGolden Age (Siglo deOro), a period duringwhich it became thelargest empire the worldhad ever seen. The term“Golden Age” tends toview Spain’s achievementsduring this period throughCastilian eyes (Catalansnowadays, for example,have a different view of theperiod).
    23. 23. An added bonus to the fame of theReyes Católicos (Catholic Monarchs, atitle conferred on Ferdinand andIsabella by the Pope Alexander VI in1494) was the achievement ofChristopher Columbus, a Genoesesailor who set out from the south ofSpain for India and found America, orLas Indias as they called it.
    24. 24. Chapel of the College of San Gregorio
    25. 25. Staircase
    26. 26. Staircase
    27. 27. Later, in the 19thCentury,Valladolid had theunfortunatedistinction ofhaving served asNapoleonsheadquartersduring thePeninsular War
    28. 28. The heraldic emblem ofBishop Alonso de Burgos,confessor to QueenIsabella (San Gregorio wascommissioned by thisprelate of Palencia)
    29. 29. The church today houses a verygood museum of wood carvingand sculpture, as well as amonument to ChristopherColumbus, who died inValladolid on May 20, 1506.
    30. 30. Claustro San Gregorio Jenaro Pérez Villaamil (1807–1854)
    31. 31. San Miguel Arcangel Felipe de Espinabete (1719-1799)
    32. 32. Santo Entierro (hacia 1540) Juan de Juni (1507-1577)
    33. 33. Text & Pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu Bartoli - Maurice Ravel - Chants populaires, song cycle for voice & piano (or orchestra)- Chanson espagnole