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Acasa 16


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Acasa 16

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Mediaş is the second largest city in Sibiu County,Transylvania. In the 13th century, the kings ofHungary invited German settlers known asTransylvanian Saxons to the area, who settled inthe valley of the Târnava Mare River. According tothe tradition, the town was founded in 1146, beingso one of the oldest cities in Transilvania
  3. 3. 1414:The St. Margaretchurch was thefirst churchbuilt in Mediaş
  4. 4. St. Margaret church
  5. 5. 1490-1534: The city is fortified, after a document signed in 1477 bythe king Matthias Corvinuss office
  6. 6. 1586: the first mentioning of a school in Mediaş("Schola civitatis“)
  7. 7. The first document that notes the presence of a hospital in the city is dated 1487
  8. 8. One of the most important buildings in the Transylvanian Renaissance style is located on the north eastern sideof the central market, the Schuller House, mayor of Medias at the time, and is documentary attested in 1588.But in the old chronicles it is mentioned long before the year 1588
  9. 9. The Schuller House
  10. 10. In the heart of the medievalcity the evangelical churchdedicated to St. Margaret
  11. 11. Tourist Guest House Honterus
  12. 12. Holy Trinity Church (Biserica Ortodoxã „Sfânta Treime”)
  13. 13. The Pedestrian bridgesover Târnave (one inthe country thatsuspended climbingspiral inclined todistrict Field mouth)1977
  14. 14. The OrthodoxCathedral, 1935“Sf. Mihail şi Gavril”
  15. 15. “Stephan Ludwig Roth”high school
  16. 16. Stephan Ludwig Rothhouse
  17. 17. Stephan Ludwig Roth (1796, in Mediaş ― 1849 in Cluj) was a Transylvanian Saxonintellectual, pedagogue and Lutheran pastor
  18. 18. Medias Museum was founded in 1950, having an oldercollection (first half of the nineteenth century) of theEvangelical Gymnasium from Medias. Over time, thecollection was completed with pieces from Biertan Museum
  19. 19. Mediaş Museum
  20. 20. Prejmer Fortified Church -( UNESCO World HeritageSite )Prejmer is noted for itsfortified church, one ofthe best preserved of itskind in Eastern Europe.Between 1962–1970, wascarefully restored it to itspresent condition; Thechurch is modeled afterchurches of Jerusalem, aswell as built in the style ofLate Gothic churches fromthe Rhineland
  21. 21. In the 15thcentury, it wassurrounded by awall 12m high,forming aquadrilateralwith roundedcorners. The wallwas reinforced byfour horseshoe-shaped towers, twoof which havesince disappeared.The entrance - avaulted gallery -is protected by abarbican andflanked by alateral wall. Thedefensive structureis strengthened byembrasures andbartizans, whilethe covered way issurrounded by aparapet
  22. 22. The largest fortifiedchurch in southeasternEurope, Prejmerwas built by Teutonicknights in 1212-1213.The powerfulsurrounding walls are40 feet high and 10-15feet thick. Historicalrecords attest that in its500 years of existence,the fortress was besieged50 times. However, itwas only captured once,in 1611 by GabrielBáthori, Prince ofTransylvania
  23. 23. Prejmer FortifiedChurch - ( UNESCOWorld HeritageSite )
  24. 24. Polyptych altar, the oldest inTransylvania (dated to themiddle of the fifteenth century)
  25. 25. The granaries and rooms that accommodated thevillagers are arranged on four levels above the cellars
  26. 26. Each village family had a designated room forshelter in case of attack. The red-roofed wall accommodated 272rooms, stacked over four stories and linked by wooden staircases
  27. 27. Valea Viilor, Sibiu County, Village of Valea ViilorTransylvania is home to nearly two hundred villages with fortified churches built by the Saxonsbetween the 13th and 15th centuries. Having to withstand constant invaders, the villages’ centralareas, where the church was located most of the time, were fortified with defense walls, having thecapacity to shelter a large number of people
  28. 28. Seven of the fortified churches have been designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. A visit to these quaint villages, placed amidst lush farmland and green rolling hills, will give travelers a taste of the long-gone medieval times Valea Viilor, Sibiu County, Village of Valea Viilor
  29. 29. Valea Viilor
  30. 30. Valea Viilor (Vorumloc)
  31. 31. In Transylvania, themain focus of UNESCO relies on the Saxonfortress churches. The Saxons, after settling in Transylvania in the early 11th century, started to build fortified citieswhile the people in thevillages fortified their churches against migratory people.Only a few of the over 500 Germanfortifications are now listed by UNESCO but probably the most representative is the city of Sighişoara, as the fortress is considered the best preserved, continuously inhabited, early middle age city in Europe
  32. 32. Text and pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu Gheorghe Zamfir - Sus Pe Culmea Dealului