Hunger by Chi-Eun


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Hunger by Chi-Eun

  1. 1. World Hunger Chi-Eun Kim
  2. 2. Statistic of World Hunger <ul><li>Total : about 841 million </li></ul><ul><li>Under five years old : 153 million </li></ul><ul><li>Dying children : 6 million </li></ul>World Hunger is a serious problem !!!
  3. 3. Who is Hungry? People in developed countries BUT !!! Nowadays also advanced countries suffering from hunger, because of the poverty
  4. 4. The Extent of the Problem <ul><li>40,000 children under age five die every day from hunger and preventable diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>The loss of human life from hunger is greater than if an atomic bomb were to be dropped on a densely populated area every three days. </li></ul><ul><li>One in every five people in the world is hungry. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>More people have died from hunger in the past two years that were killed in World War I and World War II combined. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of childhood deaths are associated with malnutrition and preventable diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of people in Asia live in extreme poverty. </li></ul>
  6. 6. World Hunger’s Factors Political Environmental Economical
  7. 7. Political Factors WAR EFFECT Destroys crops Food – political weapon Takes labors and other resources
  8. 8. Military Spending Disproportionate of government money Behest of more powerful nations Security Aid
  9. 9. Economical Factors Imbalance of the international trade External debt Hunger
  10. 10. Small family farmers Powerful agribusinesses S H U T O U t R E S U L T <ul><li>Low price </li></ul><ul><li>of goods </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers can’t </li></ul><ul><li>make their living </li></ul>
  11. 11. NAFTA, GATT Influence negatively to foreign aid Multinational corporations have more free to trade
  12. 12. Environmental Factors Land degradation & Clearly cut land Produce fewer or no crops Easy to damage From drought, floods, or heavy winds HUNGER
  13. 13. Stop Blaming the Weather <ul><li>food production grown faster then population </li></ul>Because of the innovation. It made technology better such as hybrid seeds, fertilizers and so on. WHY ???
  14. 14. <ul><li>malnourishment? </li></ul>Especially, underfed children succumb more easily to disease, and are often stunted both physically and mentally, making it harder for them to earn a living as adults. RESULT ???
  15. 15. <ul><li>Bad government lead to hunger? </li></ul>YES !!! Congo ~~~
  16. 16. <ul><li>What Poor countries need? </li></ul>private property; own their land . <ul><li>Biggest favor; rich countries -> poor countries </li></ul>To give less aid-to their own farmers (rich countries)
  17. 17. <ul><li>Farmers are protected in rich countries. </li></ul>HOW ??? <ul><li>Subsides </li></ul><ul><li>high tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>import quotas </li></ul><ul><li>a tangle of other barriers masquerading </li></ul><ul><li>as health and safety standards. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Poor Nations Denounce U.S Farm Subsides Protectionism Adds to Hunger, Critics Say
  19. 19. <ul><li>Only way to alleviate world hunger? </li></ul><ul><li>- by, leader of developing nations. </li></ul><ul><li>- United Nations World Food Summit </li></ul>Free Trade
  20. 20. <ul><li>How can biotechnology fight hunger? </li></ul><ul><li>By increasing productivity </li></ul><ul><li>By improving crop quality </li></ul><ul><li>By reducing the need </li></ul><ul><li>for chemical pesticides. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Main causes of food shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Protectionism in agriculture products </li></ul><ul><li>in Europe, the U.S.A., </li></ul><ul><li>China, India, and Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Protectionism in value-added products </li></ul><ul><li>in the part of the same countries. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Effects of the high level of U.S. farm subsides </li></ul>It depresses prices and effectively shuts their producers from developing nations .
  23. 23. Suggested Solution … IDE IDE Boulder-Denver area’s NGO To develop and disseminate affordable, low-tech ways to water their fields