Holocaust POwerpoint

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Holocaust POwerpoint

  1. 1. By: Kim Michal Photo Credits: http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/ http://myfdw.com/
  2. 2. Who was Adolf Hitler?  Adolf Hitler was born April 20, 1889  Hitler was the dictator of Germany  He became dictator in 1933  This is when it all began… http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERhitler.htm
  3. 3. Hitler (continued)… “Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews…until all Germany has been completely cleansed of Jews.” -Adolf Hitler, 1922 http://www.shoaheducation.com/endlos ung.html Photo Credit: http://www.librarising.com/astrology/ce lebs/images2/A/adolfhitler.jpg
  4. 4. What was The Holocaust?  Holocaust is literally defined as:  “a sacrifice consumed by fire”  But most would define it as:  the mass slaughter of European civilians, especially Jews, by the Nazis duringWorldWar II  Lasted from 1933-1945 http://library.thinkquest.org/12663/summary/whatframe.html Photo Credit: http://www.sunderlandclc.org.uk/UserFiles/File/Holocaust.jpg
  5. 5. Who were the victims?  Jews  Homosexuals  Gypsies  The Disabled  Slavic Peoples  Jehovah’sWitnesses http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005143
  6. 6. Concentration Camps  Prisoners were forced to go into concentration camps  Also called labor camps  Some camps were called death camps  Controlled by the Nazi’s http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/classes/133b/07Projects/pix/DworkVanPeltBookpicture.jpg http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/classes/133b/07Projects/pix/DworkVanPeltBookpicture.jpg http://frank.mtsu.edu/~baustin/holocamp.html
  7. 7. Auschwitz  Auschwitz was the largest camp during the Holocaust  Prisoners were forced to give up all belongings  Children were often killed upon arrival  Between 1,100,000 and 1,500,000 prisoners were murdered here http://www.auschwitz.dk/Auschwitz.htm
  8. 8. Auschwitz (continued…)  Auschwitz was located near the German-Polish border in Upper Silesia  The sign of the main gate here states “Arbeit Macht Frei”  This translates to “Work Brings Freedom” http://www.sackstark.info/wp- content/uploads/2008/02/arbeit_macht_frei.jpe g http://www.auschwitz.dk/Auschwitz.htm http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microso ft%20Word%20-%205782.pdf
  9. 9. At the camps…  Prisoners were forced to do hard labor  Prisoners were starved  Forced to obey the Nazi’s, and were murdered if they disobeyed  Prisoners had no control of their own lives  Many prisoners died as a result of incarceration and maltreatment www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005143
  10. 10. TheVictims… http://www.utexas.edu/features/2005/holoc aust/graphics/holocaust5.jpg http://blog.beliefnet.com/pontifications/imgs/Ebensee%20 concentration%20camp%20prisoners%201945.jpg
  11. 11. http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/usa/i mages-3/holocaust-victims-in-bunks.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a4/Holocaust123.JPG
  12. 12. http://afeatheradrift.files.wordpres s.com/2009/04/holocaust.jpg http://www.instablogsimages.com/imag es/2009/08/18/holocaust_mass_grave_be lsen_kuiks_19886.jpg
  13. 13. Camp Doctors  Nazi doctors tortured men, women, and children at death camps  Performed experiments on victims  Victims were:  put into pressure chambers  tested with drugs  castrated,  frozen to death http://www.shoah.dk/doctor s/
  14. 14. Camp Doctors (continued)…  Children were exposed to :  Experimental surgeries without anesthesia  Blood transfusions from one to another  Isolation endurance  Injections of lethal germs  Sex change operations  Removal of organs and limbs http://www.shoah.dk/doctors/
  15. 15. Josef Mengele  Known as Angel of Death  Performed experiments on twins:  Carried out twin to twin transfusions  Stitched twins together  Castrated or sterilized twins  Organ and limb removal http://www.shoah.dk/doctors/ http://www.gesch.med.uni- erlangen.de/gewissen/ausstell/zwill/_bild/23 _25.jpg http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/phot o/lc/image/59/5961.jpg
  16. 16. Ways of Genocide  Gas chambers  Cremation  Starvation  Malnutrition  Torture  Death Marches http://www.scrapbookpages.com/mauthausen/Tour/PhotoTour03.html http://www.uiowa.edu/policult/assets/postWWII_holocaust/crematorium.jpg http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005143
  17. 17. Liberation of the Camps  Liberation began in 1944  Soviets liberated Auschwitz in 1945  U.S. forces liberated Buchenwald in 1945  Remaining camps were liberated in 1945  “Liberators confronted unspeakable conditions in the Nazi camps, where piles of corpses lay unburied” http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?Modul eId=10005131 http://scrapbookpages.com/poland/Auschw itz/OldPhotos/AuschwitzLiberation.jpg
  18. 18. The Numbers  11 million prisoners were murdered  6 million victims were Jews  Number of European Jews who survived: 3,546,211  Percentages:  Polish Jews killed: 91%  German Jews killed: 36%  Jews killed in Europe during war: 63% http://www.jewishmag.co.il/109mag/holocaustnumbers/holocaustnumbers.htm www.etni.org.il/holocaust/holocaust_numbers.doc
  19. 19. Words from Survivors…  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ER 1sRYDAYY&feature=channel  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wJd qDuA9Vp8

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