Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Presentación vienna, 5 6 febrero 2013ingles


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Presentación vienna, 5 6 febrero 2013ingles

  1. 1. Costa Rica: Official Development Assistance (ODA) and MiddleIncome Countries, comprehensive elements. High Level Conference of Middle-Income Countries 1st Consultative Meeting Working Group on Overall Concepts Definition 05-06 February 2013, Vienna International Center . International Cooperation Unit
  2. 2. Structure• I Classification criteria for recipients of official development assistance.• II Costa Rica: Evolution of official development assistance• III Costa Rica and South – South / Triangular Cooperation• IV Conclusions International Cooperation Unit
  3. 3. IClassification criteria for recipients officialdevelopment assistance. International Cooperation Unit
  4. 4. Classification criteria for the assignment of ODA• Development Assitance Comittee (DAC)-OCDE, by income level• World Bank, by income level• UNDP- countries stratified by level of human development (HDI)• The World Bank has used an alternative criteria for the classification of middle income countries, related to their access to official financing provided (loans)• Fragile and post conflict countries (states in a deteriorating situation, with slowed development, post-conflict transition and early recovery) and that do not respond well to traditional assistance strategies. International Cooperation Unit
  5. 5. IICosta Rica: Evolution of official development assistance International Cooperation Unit
  6. 6. COUNTRIES PARTICIPATION IN TOTAL FLOWS OF OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE’S, ACCORDING TO INCOME CATEGORY, 1990-2010 (IN PERCENTAGES). In 2010 middle income and in development countries received over 65% of total flows of ODASource: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de información de la Organización de Cooperación y Desarrollo Económicos (OCDE). International Cooperation Unit
  7. 7. Latin America and the Caribbean is predominantly a middle income region; 85% of its countries fall in this category. PERCENTAGE OF THE REGION’S COUNSTRIES THAT ARE CLASSIFIED AS MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIESOnly 5 of the region’s 35countries are not classifiedas middle income countries:1 is classified as lowincome, and 4 are classifiedas high income.Source: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de la última clasificación disponible del Banco Mundial. International Cooperation Unit
  8. 8. Loss of participation in ODA flows REGIONS PARTICIPATION IN ODA ODA FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN. In the sixties, the region received The region’s ODA went from a 14% of the total of ODA representing over 1% of the decade’s destined to developing countries, INB in the sixties to a 0,22% nowadays nowadays it’s about 8%.Source: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de información de la Organización de Cooperación y Desarrollo Económicos (OCDE). International Cooperation Unit
  9. 9. COSTA RICA: NON REFUNDABLE COOPERATION’S TENDENCY, 1990-2011.350 The trend of non refundable300 287,6 cooperation, technical and 250,0250 grant aid, has mantained itself in200 179,0 179,8 a constant 153,9 144,2 decrease since150 1990.100 91,8 83,1 73,1 81,5 78,2 72,2 62,3 88,3 101,4 51,3 81,650 53,2 46,3 55,6 43,3 8,6 0 1990 199 1 199 2 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 19 99 20 0 0 2 00 1 20 02 2 003 2004 2005 2006 2 00 7 200 8 200 9 2 010 20 11 Source: Área de Cooperación Internacional-MIDEPLAN. 2012. International Cooperation Unit
  10. 10. Origin and distribution of international cooperation in Costa Rica, 2006-2011 18% 82% 20,5 Cooperación Técnica y Financiera no Reembolsable Cooperación Financiera Reembolsable 79,5 Bilateral Multilateral International Cooperation Unit
  11. 11. CR: distribution by sectors and/or development areas International Cooperation Unit
  12. 12. CR: Main inputs for technical cooperation and grant aid, 2006-2011.1. The Popular Republic of China was Costa Rica’s main donor with US$140,0 million,2. Spain (inluiding Andalusia) US$83,4 million,3. UNDP US$69,7 million4. United States of America US$65,2 million5. Japan US$63,7 million6. Germany US$63,3 million7. BID US$ 40,5 million8. European Union US$31,1 million International Cooperation Unit
  13. 13. IIICosta Rica and South – South / Triangular Cooperation International Cooperation Unit
  14. 14. Costa Rica’s Técnica Cooperation Offer
  15. 15. Triangulation ProgramCosta Rica - Spanish Agency for International Cooperation for Development (AECID)
  16. 16. Triangulation Fund Costa Rica-Germany
  17. 17. IV Conclusiones:Preliminary considerations Strengths Opportunities Weaknesses Threats International Cooperation Unit
  18. 18. The gaze focused on per capita income does not include the broad and multifacetic nature of the development process• No income level can be assimilated with levelof development• Middle income countries are a veryheterogeneous group in terms of poverty,social inclusion and productive, institutionaland financial capacity. International Cooperation Unit
  19. 19. It is necessary to review the logic governing the international cooperation agenda:•A new approach that allows refine the lookof development•An approach based on a new consensus•Without excluding anyone from thedevelopment International Cooperation Unit
  20. 20. In collaboration with other internationaland regional organizations, shoulddevelop a broader set of indicatorsthat reflect the reality of each countryand to detect their main needs, so thatthe average income cireteria ceasesto be an impediment to a prioriparticipate in official developmentassistance (ODA). International Cooperation Unit
  21. 21. To achieve development is necessary to overcome more than one gap…There are structural Structural gaps reflectdevelopment gaps that must be obstacles to development andtaken into account in addition long-term structuralto the concept of vulnerability challenges that still exist inand income per capita. the countries of the region. Per capita income Education inequality Health poverty taxation Investment and saving Gender, and Productivity and environment Innovation infrastructure Respect for democracy, human rights, and fighting corrpution International Cooperation Unit
  22. 22. EXPANDING POLITICAL DIALOGUE IN THREE• Global level – Defining the framework of inclusive development agenda – Enlarge multilateral dialogue in the field of development finance: funding sources and allocation criteria• Regional level: – Deepening regional integration – Increased participation of the region in global governance• National level: – Prioritization of gaps – Inclusive dialogue with civil society actors and the private sector International Cooperation Unit
  23. 23. MICS and ODA: Strengths, weaknesses, obstacles and threatsStrenghts: • Weight in the world economy, and in key areas such as• More than half of the global public goods. Potential countries in the world belong to benefit the rest of the to the middle-income countries and underpin the category, and this group is work aimed at achieving home to more than 70% of global peace and stability. the world population. • The creation and transmission• They are in all regions of the of knowledge and the world and especially in LAC. development cooperation• Overall country, especially the aimed at middle-income upper middle income, who countries can lead to have a solid institutional base significant positive rule of law and long-standing, externalities. essential to the effectiveness of the ODA. International Cooperation Unit
  24. 24. The MICS, but particularly HMICs, are those with the best foundation to implement the principles of "efficiency and quality of aid" Statements approved by Rome, Marrakech and Paris.o They favor the identification and deepening of common interestsbetween MICs;oThey open areas of collaboration with high-income countriesoThey stimulate the growing expectations of the CI of PRBs.oIn political terms, they can be key pieces when their commitmentsassociated with the SSC with the need for their participation andinfluence in global politics of development cooperation. International Cooperation Unit
  25. 25. • Weaknesses, threats and • Both middle-income countries obstacles: such as the high-income levels in• By 2008 the number of poor totaled Latin America can be found at 957 million, of which 72% lived in both ends of the spectrum of middle-income countries. inequality.• Countries with higher incomes may • For example, in the case of Costa have significant pockets of poverty Rica upper middle income country more than those of lower income. with a GDP per capita of USD USD 8,876,6 (2011), with a life• In fact, considering the total expectancy at birth of 79.3 years, number of poor, almost 50% of the with a 69 in the HDI (2011), has 183.5 million poor in Latin America a Gini index of 5.7. live in just two countries: Brazil (26%) and Mexico (23%), both • Some of these countries also have classified as income medium-high. a tax burden insufficient to meet the demand development investments, CR has a tax burden of 13.3% to 2011. • CR: extreme poverty, 6.4%, 15.2% non-extreme poverty • Insufficient investment in R & D Países vulnerables: and human capital •Ante fenómenos antrópicos (desastres naturales, crísis financieras, etc.) •Por creciente desigualdad International Cooperation Unit
  26. 26. Cumplimiento cantonal del Objetivo 7: Garantizar la sostenibilidad del medio ambienteEn el 42% de los cantones se Escala de cumplimientoespera que se alcance la meta 0%-59% 60%-79%para el 2015, abrigando el 80%-100%49,6% de la población delpaís considerados:Temas considerados: Temas•Población que utiliza fuentes de •Población que utiliza fuentes deabastecimiento de agua potable abastecimiento de agua potablemejoradas mejoradas•Población que utiliza servicios de •Población que utiliza servicios desaneamiento mejorados saneamiento mejorados•Población urbana que vive en •Población urbana que vive enbarrios de tugurios barrios de tugurios•Viviendas en mal estado, regular, •Viviendas en mal estado, regular,con hacinamiento con hacinamiento•Población en vivienda propia •Población en vivienda propia
  27. 27. Dual role of HMICs HarmonizeThe chances of being a "rising economy, or pop, or inprogress" that enables him to direct their cooperationto otherReceivers of cooperation in terms of certainweaknesses in the institutional processes andincomplete socioeconomic and social cohesion issues. International Cooperation Unit
  28. 28. International Cooperation Unit