Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Environmental Issues in Singapore

29,711 views

Published on

An assignment for a class on Environmental Management and Assessment, we are supposed to make a presentation on one particular environmental issue in a country of our choice.

Published in: Economy & Finance, Technology
  • Got a new Iphone 6 in just 7 days completing surveys and offers! Now I'm just a few days away from completing and receiving my samsung tablet! Highly recommended! Definitely the best survey site out there!  https://tinyurl.com/vd3y33w
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Dating for everyone is here: ❶❶❶ http://bit.ly/369VOVb ❶❶❶
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Sex in your area is here: ♥♥♥ http://bit.ly/369VOVb ♥♥♥
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Congratulations great work !!! .. Thanks for sharing ! …Environmental, save the planet, conserve and protect nature, awareness globally,,are a few goals of 'GREAT CAUSE and JUST CAUSES' Group. (au sens large du terme) Very nice... Great work ! !Thanks for sharing,. Best regards . Bernard (France)
    Do not hesitate to reference your slideshows on the group ''GREAT CAUSES and JUST CAUSES '. Thank
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Environmental Issues in Singapore

  1. 1. Is there air pollution in Singapore? A presentation by November Tan Peng Ting
  2. 2. Oil Refineries <ul><li>Why is it significant? </li></ul><ul><li>3 Oil Refineries in Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ExxonMobil Jurong Island Refinery (ExxonMobil), 605,000 barrels per day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SRC Jurong Island Refinery (Singapore Refining Corporation), 285,000 bpd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shell Pulau Bukom Refinery (Royal Dutch Shell), 458,000 bpd </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shell’s refinery on Pulau Bukom is Shell’s largest refinery in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Total carbon emission of 577.6 million metric tons carbon per year just from oil refineries alone </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore is a regional refining and petrochemical hub as well as a key industry and key export product </li></ul><ul><li>Sulphur Dioxide emission increasing from 130% from 2005 to 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>However, also not only industrial emission source </li></ul>
  3. 3. Local Effect <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Localized Smog during Southwest Monsoon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fugitive VOC emission from gas pipes may lead to soil pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emitted odour from refinery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SO2 acid rain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental health impact within 50km radius </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational and fire hazard risk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air quality is important factor in attracting FDI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance cost from acid rain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced national labour productivity </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Regional Effect <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transboundary smog / haze during non-Southwest Monsoon periods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health risk for neighboring countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strained political relations affecting economic ties </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Global Effect <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GHG and Climate Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sea level rise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social risk and cost from climate change and sea level rise (e.g. lost of property) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic loss from extreme weather conditions and sea level rise </li></ul></ul>

×