Thanks Dr. Feltman. Longtime FSU student, new position, exploring and researching open access and changing publishing models. My goals in presenting to you – provide good information and establish a working knowledge. This may not apply to you until you are a senior faculty member, but it will be happening around you and you should be aware of it and what it entails. Not to convince, but to inform.
Open Access is divisive. What are your preconceptions?
Openness in our technological moment often includes these three pointsparticipatoryno cost to end userlow or no restrictions familiar with some of these other open movements and these examples. The point – open access is not new and is not happening in a vacuum.
When speaking about open access to scholarly literature there are a few important points to mention:this principle applies most significantly to journal articles which function in a gift economy and are commodified by publishers utilizing the labor and intellectual property of scholars. Open access to scholarly journal articles does NOT interfere with the quality filters that are essential to academic research (peer review) – it is solely concerned with the dissemination of the work and decreasing barriers to access.Quality is different than prestige. People often assume OA equals lesser quality. Quality depends on the work submitted, the reviewing team, the editorial board. Prestige builds over time.
Open access asks: What happens if dissemination is independent of the cycle? If it occurred at different points along the cycle? What if it were controlled by scholar/authors and libraries? Mention open peer review (Arxiv, SSRN, Digital Humanities).
Key point of the whole presentation – there are two totally separate methods of doing open access. Self-archiving is often referred to as Green OA, publishing is Gold. The most common misconception is that open access requires you to publish in new, online only, low-profile journals. In fact, you can publish whenever, wherever and however you want and still archive versions of your work in an IR.
Archiving in an IR – already allowed, supported, beneficial as an author. This should be as central to your work as building and maintaining a CV. Like saving PDFs on your hard drive. OA Publishing – evolving, variety of biz models (not all author pays), increasing in impact and reputation (BioMed Central).
The bulk of the investment in scholarly literature is held by the faculty/scholar/researcher. Grads want/need quick and easy access to build upon, undergrads the same, the argument: general public should be offered access to work their tax dollars fund.
Participating in OA may not make sense to every scholar, in every field, at every point in their career. But, it is a worthwhile option to consider. (Jim Sampson, college of ed, book publish OA). Best fit for senior faculty with tenure as they have the option to try new things more freely than jr. and grads, until the system changes. Brief note about Promotion and Tenure – the system has not yet discovered how to reward digital, collaborative, new forms of scholarship. But it will
What does every scholar need/desire? Impact and readership. (Emphasis on citations and citation impact.) Open access offers this by being digital (online), quick and measurable. Ex. Small anthropology journal went OA and increased its readership in diverse fields and with scholars in underserved areas. Ultimate reason for faculty to do the work they do? Interest, good at it, contribute to the wealth of humankind’s knowledge.
As of Dec. there are 309 institutions that have some sort of official policy in support of open access including: Harvard, Princeton, Duke, Stanford, Cornell, Emory, Kansas State, MIT, U of California, U of N. Tx, UPenn, U VA, U of Tenn, Florida State University. Federal support – White House Office of Science and Technology Policy report on Scholarly Communication Jan. 2010. Request for Info Jan. 2012.
Questions - Concerns Open Access: Complex Evolving Involves many stakeholders Disruptive ParticipatoryBanksy – by Jan Slangen
the idea of openness…• Allows for contributions and participation• Easily accessible at no cost to the user• Content is useable and reusable with few or no restrictionsopen source – open education – open data – open science
the concept idea Open access is the principle reformulation research that information and • data scholarly knowledge should be shared, free and open topreservation manuscript anyone, utilizing digital technology for dissemination.d i s s em i n a t rights i o n assignment Potentially alters the current cycle of scholarship. publication peer review editing
the concept Open access is the principle idea that information and research reformulation • data knowledge should be shared, free and open to anyone,preservation manuscript utilizing digital technology dissemination for dissemination. publication rights assignment Potentially alters the current cycle of scholarship. editing peer review
the action(s)• Self-Archiving • Publishing • Already allowed • Slowly evolving • Supported by libraries • Variety of business models • Beneficial for organization • Impact and reputation building
the action(s)• Self-Archiving • Publishing • Already allowed • Slowly evolving • Supported by libraries • Variety of business models • Beneficial for organization • Impact and reputation buildingGreen ears wheat – delphaber (untitled) - Aschaf
the stakeholders Faculty/researchers create, share, review, edit, evaluate the work. Foundations and federal agencies fund the work.Universities and libraries support the creation and accessibility of the work. Scholarly societies and publishing companies disseminate the work. Grad Students? * Undergrads? * The general public?
the timingThe appropriate time to pursue open access depends on eachdiscipline, the goal of the work, the arc of the career goals and theauthor’s interest in new models of dissemination. The time - monckeyc.net
the benefits for the researcher for the community• Greater visibility for scholarly work • Library as partner• Potential for greater (measureable) • Public access to new knowledge impact • Increased profile (prestige) of the• Quicker dissemination and institution evaluation • Potential cross/trans/inter-• Managed organization of your disciplinary collaboration publication record • Participation in evolving methods• Participation in evolving methods of conducting scholarship of conducting scholarship
open access is…• Happening• Developing• Reformative• Scholarly• Peer-reviewed• Prestigious• Supported by funders openaccessmap.org• Supported by Universities• Gaining federal support• A principle (not business model)
Questions? – firstname.lastname@example.org Search: “SPARC” “FSU guides open access” “hacking the academy” “cost of knowledge” “opendoar” createchange.orgAll images used by Creative Commons license and found on Flickr.