Why should there be a Death Penalty?<br />Maria Couto<br />Period-3<br />Mrs.Soto<br />
What is the Death Penalty??<br /><ul><li>The Death penalty commonly known as Capital punishment which this can be defined by The penalty of death for the commission of a crime</li></ul>Execution of Aymerigot Marcel, 1390<br />
How does death penalty work<br />Capital Punishment laws call for a two-part trial<br />Part 1 the jury decides if the person is guilt or innocence<br />Defendant usually know if he or she may face the death penalty if convicted.<br />If the defendant is found guilty, in part 2 of the trial process the jury decides whether the defendant should receive the death penalty.<br />Judges and juries are required to consider both aggravating and mitigating circumstances<br />
Background Information<br /><ul><li>The Death Penalty can be tracked back as far as the 18th century B.C, When the Code of Hammurabi was established.
It was also part of the Hittite Code in the 14th century
In the 19th century A.D. the most common method used was hanging from gallows.
During Henry Vll as many as 72,000 people were put to death by boiling
When the early colonists arrived in the New World they bought with them many of Britain's capital punishment</li></li></ul><li>Facts about Capital Punishments<br /><ul><li>In the year of 1622, Daniel Frank was caught stealing. For his crime, he was sentenced to death. Frank became the first person to be executed
Death penalty statics were not kept properly until 1930.
A halt on executions began in 1967 even thought the death penalty was still legal in forty states
From 1930 until 1967, there were 3,859 people executed in the United States
The death penalty has been used by nearly every culture since ancient times</li></ul>Death by Lethal Injection<br />
Why should there be a death penalty?<br />Three main points<br />
The death penalty deters crime<br />Increase the risk of apprehension and punishments for crime deters individual from commiting crimes<br />Studys done in 1968 by Gary S. Becker shows that individuals respond to the costs and benefits of commiting a crime<br />Execution Chamber in Japan<br />
The death penalty saves lives<br />The more execution there will be a decrease in murder<br />Each execution prevents the murder of one white person , 1.5 African-American and 0.5 persons of other races<br />Entrance to Death Row Cell Block<br />
Crime characteristics more important than race<br />There is little rigorous evidence that such disparities exist in federal system.<br />Studies shows that at first death penalty occur more when the defendants are white and when the victims are white, this disappeared when the crimes are taken into account.<br />