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Crowdsourcing in the Cultural Sector: approaches, challenges and issues

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Slides for the Crowd-sourcing, Co-creation and Co-curation in the Cultural Sector workshop by the Scottish Network on Digital Cultural Resources Evaluation

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Crowdsourcing in the Cultural Sector: approaches, challenges and issues

  1. 1. Crowdsourcing in the Cultural Sector: approaches, challenges and issues Mia Ridge, @mia_out Digital Curator, British Library Crowd-sourcing, Co-creation and Co-curation in the Cultural Sector Scottish Network on Digital Cultural Resources Evaluation Glasgow, December 2015
  2. 2. Overview
  3. 3. What is crowdsourcing? Crowdsourcing (Jeff Howe and Mark Robinson, Wired, 2006): 'taking a function once performed by employees and outsourcing it to an undefined (and generally large) network of people in the form of an open call' Or, as Clay Shirky's cognitive surplus, 'the spare processing power of millions of human brains‘ Or, simply, volunteering online
  4. 4. Crowdsourcing in cultural heritage Asking the public to help with tasks that contribute to a shared, significant goal or research interest related to cultural heritage collections or knowledge. The activities and/or goals should be inherently rewarding.
  5. 5. http://museumgam.es
  6. 6. • 19th Century natural history collecting • 1849 Smithsonian weather observation project • 1857, 1879 Oxford English Dictionary appeals • WWII Soldiers given a Field Collector's Manual in Natural History by the US Museum of Natural History James Murray, editor, OED, with contributor slips https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:James-Murray.jpg Crowdsourcing before the web
  7. 7. Examples
  8. 8. reCAPTCHA
  9. 9. Trove: OCR correction http://trove.nla.gov.au/
  10. 10. Your Paintings Tagger
  11. 11. Old Weather: structured transcription http://oldweather.org/
  12. 12. Letters of 1916: full-text transcription
  13. 13. British Library: Georeferencer http://www.bl.uk/maps/
  14. 14. British Library Sound Maps: collecting Your accents http://sounds.bl.uk/Sound-Maps/Your-Accents http://sounds.bl.uk/Sound-Maps/UK-Soundmap
  15. 15. Year of the Bay: history mysteries http://yearofthebay.org/
  16. 16. http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD: grassroots transcription
  17. 17. And so to...
  18. 18. Participatory project models Contributory  The public contributes data to a project designed by the organisation Collaborative  Public and organisation are active partners, but project is lead by the organisation Co-creative  All partners define goals together (Bonney et al, 2009,Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE)
  19. 19. New approaches
  20. 20. New tasks http://crowdsourced.micropasts.org/project/photomaskingLunula
  21. 21. Simple tasks as stepping stones http://www.fossilfinder.org/
  22. 22. Task ecosystems http://buildinginspector.nypl.org/
  23. 23. The growth of platforms
  24. 24. Challenges and issues
  25. 25. Mobiles and tablets http://familysearch.org/
  26. 26. #party host https://www.flickr.com/photos/nlireland/5786204856 Hosting crowds
  27. 27. Window shopping https://www.flickr.com/photos/twm_news/6841092248
  28. 28. Going off-piste '...None of the above is ready to send to you as I have more research to do' https://www.flickr.com/photos/swedish_heritage_board/10207262464
  29. 29. Balancing acts
  30. 30. Planning a graceful exit https://www.flickr.com/photos/fylkesarkiv/4545543824
  31. 31. Thank you! Questions? Mia Ridge @mia_out Digital Curator, British Library ‘Crowdsourcing in the Cultural Sector: approaches, challenges and issues’ Crowd-sourcing, Co-creation and Co-curation in the Cultural Sector Scottish Network on Digital Cultural Resources Evaluation
  32. 32. https://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalarchives/4128460122 Personalised feedback
  33. 33. Better heuristics https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/14780537354/

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