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Day 3 am cam_edit_continuity


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Day 3 am cam_edit_continuity

  1. 1. PGCE Art & Design Moving Image Arts Module Day 3 A.M. Session Camera & Editing Continuity Film-making Robert Thompson
  2. 2. Who were the first film editors? Video Study: Editing History Note: Film history in MIA is about context (students are tested on creative technique, not history)
  3. 3. Editing History •Early film-makers pessimistic about future •Edison’s assistant, Edwin Porter, experiments with cutting film •DW Griffith establishes a grammar of film •Initially a technical role, Editors now partner creatively with directors
  4. 4. The Hollywood Factory System What is continuity style (classical Hollywood style) film-making? What was classical hollywood? Video Study: Classical Hollywood
  5. 5. What are the elements of Classical Hollywood or Continuity film-making •Invisible storytelling: Camera and sound never draw attention to themselves •Match-on-action •Time is continuous (except for Flashback) •OTS (Over-the-shoulder shots) •Eyeline match •Visual Storytelling •Cross-cutting •POV (point-of-view)
  6. 6. Short Video Studies: Visual Storytelling (Rear Window) Cross-cutting: 1 (Strangers on a Train) Cross-cutting: 2 (Silence of the lambs) POV (Silence of the lambs)
  7. 7. Camera 1. Framing 2. Position 3. Movement
  8. 8. Camera Framing: Key Terms
  9. 9. Shot Type (ELS, LS, MS, MCU, CU, ECU)
  10. 10. Establishing Shot
  11. 11. Silhouette
  12. 12. Camera Movement: Key Terms
  13. 13. Tracking (Dolly)
  14. 14. Trombone shot (Dolly Zoom)
  15. 15. SteadicamHand-held
  16. 16. Panning
  17. 17. Whip Cut: Uses whip motion as a transition
  18. 18. Subjective (Snorricam)
  19. 19. Camera Position – Key Terms
  20. 20. Low AngleOTS
  21. 21. Crane (God) Shot High Angle
  22. 22. POV
  23. 23. Dutch Angle
  24. 24. Video Study 1: Zooming and Handheld Camera •Barry Lyndon – Zoom •Handheld 1 – Blair witch hunt •Golden Rule – Camera should be on a tripod unless there is a reason for it not to be •Editing – Great Expectations
  25. 25. Video Study 2: Goodfellas in production Slomo Freezeframe Handheld camera Some improvisation around script Epic steadicam tracking shot (Entrance to nightclub) Slow motion tracking shot (Jimmy Conway decides to murder) Jump-cutting at wedding Panning at wedding Creating drug-induced confusion
  26. 26. Video Study 3: The Trombone Shot (dolly zoom) •Zooming in from a distance will ‘flatten’ the field of view •Zooming while tracking will keep the foreground subject a uniform size while the background subject will appear to grow
  27. 27. Video Study 4: Camera Framing Camera Movement Tracking Crane Shot Camera framing in The Third Man Camera Movement in The Untouchables (Panning|Crane) Tracking Shot (Klute) Crane Shot/God Shot (Citizen Kane|Halloween|Raising Arizona|Highlander| Origins)
  28. 28. Video Study 5: The Steadicam
  29. 29. Summary: The most important camera & editing Techniques Freezeframe Timelapse Reverse shot Fast/slow motion Jump-cutting Ken Burns effect Video Scratch Tracking Jump-cut Trombone shot Panning/Tilting POV OTS Steadicam Crane Shot Low Angle/High Angle