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Nouns and Pronouns


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nouns and pronouns

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Nouns and Pronouns

  1. 1. Language Description Topic 1 Nouns and Pronouns
  2. 2.  Differentiate between nouns & pronoun  Identify nouns & pronouns used in prose  Explain the grammar rules related to nouns & pronouns  Categorize different types of nouns & pronouns  Use the dictionary for grammatical information about nouns & pronouns  Use different types of nouns & pronouns in appropriate contexts
  3. 3. 3 Parts of Speech In English Language 8 Noun Pronoun Verb Adverb Adjective Preposition Conjunction Interjection
  6. 6. Proper Nouns special names of people, places, etc (begin with Capital letters) Tiger Woods Italy Spain Bern Eifel Tower Christmas
  7. 7. Common Nouns
  8. 8. Countable Nouns
  9. 9. Uncountable Nouns
  10. 10. Common Nouns 2numbers Singular number Plural number
  11. 11. The Singular Number shows only 1 a cat a man a flower an axe
  12. 12. The Plural Number shows more than one person, animal, thing or place cats flowers people
  13. 13. Cow Cows Bird Birds Rose Roses Box Boxes Class Classes Brush Brushes Echo Echoes Cargo Cargoes Mango Singular Plural
  14. 14. Lady Ladies Party Parties Army Armies Donkey-donkeys Thief Thieves Leaf Leaves Knife Knives roof-roofs Singular Plural
  15. 15. Axis Axes Foot Feet Tooth Teeth Man Men OX Oxen Child Children Formula Formulae /Formulas Syllabus Syllabi / Syllabuses Singular Plural
  16. 16. Some nouns are ALWAYS PLURAL Clothings pyjamas , pants, shorts, spectacles Tools Scissors, clippers, binoculars, Others belongings, goods, expenses
  17. 17. Some nouns are ALWAYS SINGULAR Diseases Mumps, measles, diabetes, rabies Games Billiards, darts, cards, checkers,aerobics Others News
  18. 18. Some nouns are both PLURAL or SINGULAR means crossroads series headquarters quarters gallows
  19. 19. Some nouns do not have plural form but are ALWAYS SINGULAR Furniture Information Traffic Knowledge Advice Homework Luggage Equipment Meat Scenery Framework Oil Rice Milk Sugar
  20. 20. Some nouns do not have plural form but are ALWAYS PLURAL Cattle Police People Military Poultry Gentry
  21. 21. Some nouns do not have plural form but are SINGULAR & PLURAL Sheep Deer Salmon Aircraft Chinese Japanese Swiss Grouse Trout
  22. 22. Collective Nouns names for group of people, animals or things A school of fish A bouquet of flowers A swarm of bees A slice of bread A piece of bread
  23. 23. .. pile of reports .. crowd of people .. board of directors .. gang of labourers, prisoners, thieves .. collection of stamps, pictures, coins .. fleet of cars, ships .. row of shop houses .. library of books .. cloud of dust Others
  24. 24. A PRONOUN refers to something already mentioned in a sentence or piece of text. They are used instead of nouns to prevent repetition of the noun to which they refer. One of the most common pronouns is it.
  25. 25.  Personal Pronouns  Possessive Pronouns  Reflexive Pronouns  Demonstrative Pronouns  Indefinite Pronouns  Reciprocal Pronouns  Relative Pronouns  Interrogative Pronouns  Quantifying Pronouns p15
  26. 26. Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns Singular Plural Singular Plural 1st person I we me us 2nd person you you 3rd person he she they him her them it it Personal Pronouns
  27. 27. I, me, he, she, him, her, you = a person you, we, us = people it = thing they, them = things or people Please take note!
  28. 28. Reflexive Pronoun SINGULAR PLURAL 1st Person myself ourselves 2nd Person yourself yourselves 3rd Person himself herself Itself themselves
  29. 29. Possessive Pronoun SINGULAR PLURAL 1st Person mine ours 2nd Person yours 3rd Person his hers theirs The book is Ahmad’s. It is his. These cats are our pets. They are ours.
  30. 30. Demonstrative Pronoun “This / These” Refers to something that is close to you “That / Those” Refers to something that is not close to you
  31. 31. Indefinite Pronoun Indefinite pronouns refer to things or people without mentioning what or who they are Anybody Everybody Nobody Somebody Anyone Everyone No one Someone Anything Everything Nothing Something
  32. 32. Reciprocal Pronoun “Each other” / “one another” Used to indicate that people do the same thing, feel the same way, or share the same relationship
  33. 33. Relative Pronouns “Who Whom Whose that Which” refers to somebody or something you have mentioned earlier. More in Topic 8
  34. 34. Interrogative Pronouns “Who Whom Whose Which ” used to ask direct or indirect questions
  35. 35. Quantifying Pronouns all each fewer more another either less most any enough little much Both few many neither quantifiers which indicate number or amount