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Sgp Project

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Sgp Project

  1. 1. Invisible Children<br />By: Mia DiLella<br />Period 3<br />
  2. 2. Presentation Overview<br />PowerPoint<br />Awareness video<br />Make your own bracelets <br />Conclusion<br />
  3. 3. Thesis<br />Invisible Children is an organization that creates safe places, such as schools, for children in Uganda who have been abducted and turned into child soldiers.<br />
  4. 4. Video Clip<br />http://www.cultureunplugged.com/play/1817/The-Rescue-of-Joseph-Kony-s-Child-Soldiers<br />
  5. 5. Personal Relevance<br />
  6. 6. Audience Relevance<br />Why listen?<br />May want to learn more<br />Can add on to your knowledge about the topic.<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9. LRA<br /> In 2001 the U.S. officially considered it a terrorist organization.<br />“History of the War”<br />
  10. 10. LRA contd.<br />Small shadowy rebel movement.<br />Lost political power in the north.<br />http://www.irinnews.org<br />
  11. 11. Tracing back<br />
  12. 12. Joseph Kony<br /> International Criminal<br />Court charged him with 33 counts of crimes.<br />
  13. 13. Rebellion began<br />It is estimated that more than 90% of the LRA’s troops were abducted as children.<br />
  14. 14. Rebellion Began Cont.<br />In 1980 about 66,000 children were abducted.<br />
  15. 15. Over two decades…<br />
  16. 16. The height of conflict<br />The government forced most of the northern Uganda’s population into displacement camps.<br />Uganda military committed sexual abuse and other crimes against northerns.<br />Many children feared abduction.<br />The “night commuters” slept in school, hospitals, or public areas.<br />
  17. 17. IDP Camps<br />- Forced into the camps by the government.<br />- Offer little protection<br />http://www.irinnews.org/InDepthMain.aspx?InDepthId=23&ReportId=65778<br />
  18. 18. IDP camps cont.<br />The camps were created to protect civilians from rebel attacks.<br />The Acholi people have been forced into the crowded camp together<br />http://www.irinnews.org/InDepthMain.aspx?InDepthId=23&ReportId=65778<br />
  19. 19. In 2005 an estimated 30,000 Ugandan children are “night commuters.”<br />
  20. 20. Who is a child soldier<br />“ Any child-girl or boy-under the age of 18, who is part of any kind of regular or irregular armed force or armed group, including but not limited to combatants, cooks, porters, messengers, and anyone accompanying such groups other than as family members. This includes girls and boys recruited for sexual purposes and/ or forced marriage.” (UNICEF)<br />
  21. 21. Why use children?<br />Vulnerable<br />Emotionally and physically immature<br />Hoping for food and security<br />Impressionable<br />Too young to resist of understand<br />http://www.hrw.org/campains/crp/fact_sheet<br />
  22. 22. Recruitment of child soldiers <br />Peer pressure the children<br />Children are neglected and ignored<br />Promises <br />http://internationalaffairs.suite101com/article.cfm/recruiting_child_soldiers<br />
  23. 23. What do child soldiers do<br />Increase the number of fighters.<br />More easily manipulated and controlled.<br />Can hide in tight quarters.<br />Do not suspect children to be soldiers.<br />
  24. 24. What do child soldiers do cont.<br />Often fight on the front lines of conflict.<br />Also work indirectly.<br />
  25. 25. 25,000 children…<br />
  26. 26. Abductions<br />Typically abduct children.<br />Some children couldn’t manage the long walks.<br />Forced to watch helplessly.<br />http://www.irinnews.org/InDepthMain.aspx?InDepthId=23&ReportId=65778<br />
  27. 27. 1986-2005 7,500 girls were abducted.<br />Abducted Girls<br />
  28. 28. Abducted girls cont.<br />Were more likely to experience abduction for a short period of time.<br />Performed combat and support roles within the LRA.<br />Only half went through the Uganda army before returning to the communities. <br />The survey of War Affected Youth<br />
  29. 29. Abducted boys<br />Tortured and forced to join the rebels army.<br />Forced to kill.<br />
  30. 30. Forced marriage/motherhood<br />The survey of War Affected Youth<br />
  31. 31. Forced marriage/motherhood<br />The survey of War Affected Youth<br />
  32. 32. Forced marriage/motherhood<br />The survey of War Affected Youth<br />
  33. 33. Forced marriage/motherhood<br />Forced mothers are less likely then other abductees to return to formal education.<br />The survey of War Affected Youth<br />
  34. 34. Forced marriage/motherhood<br />The survey of War Affected Youth<br />
  35. 35. Survivors<br />http://www.hrw.org/en/node/12346/section/5<br />
  36. 36. Survivors cont.<br />Boys who return from the LRA are often seasoned fighters.<br />Malnourished, and abused.<br />Physically and psychologically weakened state.<br />http://www.hrw.org/en/node/12346/section/5<br />
  37. 37. The children<br />According to Michael Gerson of the Washington Post (2009) and the Global Security:<br />Children are forced <br />To be foot soldiers and sex slaves.<br />To take part in murdering their communities.<br />To participate in cannibalism.<br />http://www.cfr.org/region/201/uganda.html<br />
  38. 38. Peace talks<br />Bring an end to hostility and violence.<br />The recent agreement between the government of Uganda and the LRA to cease hostilities is an encouraging first step.<br />The peace talks must lead to the ending of hostilities. <br />Ircuk.org<br />
  39. 39. Government Actions<br />According to David Blair from the Telegraph(2008)<br />Uganda and Joseph Kony have had peace negotiations.<br />Uganda forced Kony out.<br />
  40. 40. Human rights abuse<br />Custody of displaces people in camps.<br />Violence against women.<br />Violence of basic human rights.<br />
  41. 41. Human Rights Violations <br />Abduction<br />Mutilation<br />Child soldiers<br />Sexual enslavement of women and children.<br />Murder<br />
  42. 42. How did he abuse his power<br />He abducted children as young as 7.<br />He cut off the kids noses and lips.<br />He had the LRA help him do all of this.<br />
  43. 43.
  44. 44. Their other punishment...<br />
  45. 45. Bracelets<br />
  46. 46. Innocent<br />Night commuter<br />Now 18 and full of confidence.<br />Wants to become a politician.<br />http://www.invisiblechildren.com/theMission/Bracelet_Campaign<br />
  47. 47. Innocent cont.<br />Once a night commuter.<br />Now a smart young man.<br />Shows the hope that is beginning to return to Northern Uganda.<br />http://www.invisiblechildren.com/theMission/Bracelet_Campaign<br />
  48. 48. Sunday<br />Displace 15 year old boy.<br />Now 16 and still living in Atanga IDP.<br />Lost both his parents.<br />Dreams of becoming a doctor.<br />http://www.invisiblechildren.com/theMission/Bracelet_Campaign<br />
  49. 49. Emmy<br />Witnessed his mothers death.<br />Lives with his grandparents and five siblings.<br />Aspects of crime and devastation never seem to far behind of him.<br />http://www.invisiblechildren.com/theMission/Bracelet_Campaign<br />
  50. 50. Emmy cont.<br />Invisible Children has improved his life.<br />Been through the most tragic effects of the war.<br />http://www.invisiblechildren.com/theMission/Bracelet_Campaign<br />
  51. 51. Statistics <br />77% have seen someone being killed.<br />39% have killed someone themselves.<br />52% were seriously beaten.<br />39% had to abduct other children.<br />63% have looted or burned civilian property.<br />97% showed symptoms of post-traumatic stress.<br />Global Perspectives summer 2004 edition #3<br />
  52. 52. Statistics cont.<br />Estimated more then 90% of the LRA troops were abducted as children.<br />1.8 million people displaced from their homes.<br />LRA murdered over 600 and abducted more than 160 children just as a retaliatory attack against the people of the DR Congo.<br />Global Perspectives summer 2004 edition #3<br />
  53. 53. To this day<br />70% of IDP camp residents are children.<br />175,000 of the children in the camp are orphans.<br />1,200 Ugandan children are still being held by the LRA.<br />http://www.invisiblechildren.com/about/history/<br />
  54. 54. To this day cont.<br />Many have returned to or near their homes.<br />Some people have been displaced for more than a decade.<br />Since the movie was produced night commuting has stopped.<br />http://www.invisiblechildren.com/about/history/<br />
  55. 55. Conclusion<br />
  56. 56. Application<br />Awareness video<br />
  57. 57. Class activity<br />Take a bag that is passed out.<br />Construct your own bracelet<br />Have volunteers say why they constructed the bracelet the way they did.<br />
  58. 58. Work Citied<br />Achverina, Vera, and Simon Reich. "No Place to Hide: Refugees, Displaced      Persons, and the Recruitment of Child Soldiers." International Security     31.1 (2006): 127-164. Project MUSE. Web. 19 Nov. 2009.      <http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/international_security/summary/v031/      31.1achvarina.html>. <br />Beah, Ishmael. A Long Way Gone. New York, New York: Sarah Crichton, 2007. Print.<br />Bradley, Kate. Uganda: Child soldiers at centre of mounting humanitarian crisis.      Columbia University Libraries, 10 Oct. 2004. Web. 5 Nov. 2009. <br />     <http://www.un.org/events/tenstories/06/story.asp?storyID=100#>. <br />Brynes, Rita M. Uganda: A Country Study. N. pag. Country Studies. Rita M. yrnes,      Dec. 1990. Web. 10 Jan. 2010. <http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/      ugtoc.html>. <br />
  59. 59. Work Citied<br />"Children of War." Village of Hope Uganda. SingularFocus, 2007. Web. 4 Mar.      2010. <http://www.villageofhopeuganda.com/index.php/whats-all-this-about/     children-of-war>. <br />Edmondson, Laura. "Marketing Trauma and the Theatre of War in Northern Uganda."      Theatre Journal 57.3 (2005): n. pag. Project MUSE. Web. 19 Nov. 2009.      <http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/theatre_journal/summary/v057/      57.3edmondson.html>. <br />"History of the Conflict." Resolve Uganda. Paul Ronan, n.d. Web. 8 Feb. 2010.      <http://www.resolveuganda.org/history>. <br />Nanji, Shenaaz. Child of Dandelions. N.p.: n.p., 2008. Print. <br />
  60. 60. Work Citied<br />O'Loughlin, Ed. "Brainwashed children of God blaze trail of murder and mayhem in      Uganda ." The Independent. N.p., 2009. Web. 17 Dec. 2009.      <http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/      brainwashed-children-of-god-blaze-trail-of-murder-and-mayhem-in-uganda-1243868.ht      ml>. <br />O'Neil, Ann. "Stolen kids turn into terrifying killers." CNN 12 Feb. 2007: n.      pag. Web. 14 Mar. 2010. <http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/africa/02/12/      child.soldiers/index.html>. <br />Pham, Phuong N, Patrick Vink, and Eric Stover. "The Lord's Resistance Army and      Forced Conscription in Northern Uganda." Human Rights Quarterly 30.2      (2008): 404-411. Project MUSE. Web. 19 Nov. 2009. <http://muse.jhu.edu/      journals/human_rights_quarterly/summary/v030/30.2.pham.html>. <br />Pike, John. "Lord's Resistance Army." FAS. Steven Aftergood, 22 May 2002. Web. 3      Apr. 2010. <http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/lra.htm>. <br />
  61. 61. Work Citied<br />Pitcher, Gemma, et al. "Uganda." Africa. 11th ed. 2007. Print. <br />Ramondi, Nicole. "Case Study: Uganda." Children of War. Child soldiers across      the world. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2010.      <http://studentorgs.umf.maine.edu/~pos136-6/Ugandapage.html>. <br />St. Monica Gulu Girls' Relief. N.p., 2010. Web. 16 Feb. 2010.      <http://www.stmonicagulugirlsrelief.org/>. <br />"Uganda Today." Invisible Children. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2009.      <http://dev.invisiblechildren.com/about/history/>. <br />Wolf, Katherine. Country Profile: Uganda. BBC News, 9 Sept. 2009. Web. 5 Nov.      2009. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/      1069166.stm>. <br />Flickrstorm.com<br />Google images<br />

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