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Tactical Mission Planning in Humanitarian Response Situations

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This presentation shows how a simple mission and operations planning process (M&OP) can be combined with a cost-effective supply chain simulation tool to plan and coordinate actual humanitarian and disaster response missions. This same combination also provides an effective online training platform. A scenario depicting the simulated evacuation of refugees from war torn Aleppo in Syria is used to illustrate these points.

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Tactical Mission Planning in Humanitarian Response Situations

  1. 1. 1ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam Mission & Operations Planning Using Supply Chain Modeling and Simulation Dr. Dennis Duke - Florida Institute of Technology Mr. Michael Hugos – SCM Globe Corporation Mr. William Morrissey (Col. US Army, Ret) – RDM Corporation Tactical Mission Planning in Humanitarian Response Situations
  2. 2. 2ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam Syria Conflict Map (Summer, 2016) The authors combined supply chain modeling and simulation with a 5-step planning process to drive creation of mission plans for mass refugee exodus from Aleppo, Idlib and Marat Numan to a safe haven near Homs, Syria. Scenario planning based on: • Mission and operations planning (M&OP) process • Commercial off the shelf (COTS) software for supply chain modeling and simulation • This process is also used for coordination and monitoring of events as they happen. • Training of people and organizations participating in humanitarian missions is enhanced by use of this process.
  3. 3. 3ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam Mission & Operations Planning (M&OP) 1. Mission Orders 2. Demand Planning 3. Supply Planning 4. Reconcile Plans (Run Simulations) 5. Implement and Monitor (Evaluate Options) Every 15 days (or as needed) Demand Plan: - Product specs - Facility demands Supply Plan: - Vehicle specs - Delivery Routes Logistics Plan: Effective logistics plan for 15+ days • Based on supply chain S&OP process modified to fit needs of humanitarian / disaster response missions • CONOPS drives demand and supply planning • Supply chain simulations show how well these plans work • Use simulation results to adjust Supply Plan and Demand Plan so product supply meets mission demand CONOPS: - Scope/Facilities - Personnel Operating Cost: Operating budget and performance metrics (Products, Facilities) (Vehicles, Routes) Supply Chain Modeling & Simulation
  4. 4. 4ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 1. Mission Orders: Concept of Operations (CONOPS) Tartus Port Homs Safe Haven Hamah Operating Base Marat Numan Idlib Aleppo Facilities: Refugee Camp Military Operating Base (FOB) Main Operating Base and Airport Carrier Task Force Humanitarian and military facilities constructed by JTF-51 to be turned over to UN and PK units CTF CTF DODAF ConOps – OV-1 Concept diagram for mission
  5. 5. 5ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 2: Demand Planning: PRODUCTS and FACILITIES CTF & APS Supply Ships Tartus Port 1,760 Military Homs Safe Haven 1,000 Military Hamah Ops Base & Airfield 5,950 Military Murat Numan 2,150 Soldiers Idlib 950 Soldiers Aleppo 950 Soldiers Military Facilities Tartus Port Transit Only Homs Safe Haven 500,000 Refugees Hamah Triage Ctr 30,000 Refugees/Day Murat Numan 30,000 Refugees/Day Idlib 10,000 Refugees/Day Civilian Facilities Aleppo 10,000 Refugees/Day • Identify location of facilities and activities specified in mission CONOPS • 10 Classes of products are needed at military and civilian facilities • Calculate product demand at each facility to support military and civilian personnel assigned to each facility – see military and UNHCR daily per person standards
  6. 6. 6ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 2: Demand Planning: Product and Facility Data PRODUCTS (MIL and CIV) Name Price Weight (kg) Size (m3) Define product data for fully loaded 20 Foot Cargo Container Class I: Rations $38,400 9,500 kg 34 m3 Class II: Clothing, Equip $24,000 10,500 kg 34 m3 etc. FACILITY Name Type Storage Rent Ops Cost Define data for each facility Aleppo FOB 2,000 m3 $0.1/ m3 $180,000 Idlib FOB 2,000 m3 $0.1/ m3 $230,000 etc. FACILITY - PRODUCT Product Name Demand (20’ Ctr) Production (20’ Ctr) On-Hand (20’ Ctr) Define for each product at each facility Class I: Rations 1 3 Class II: Clothing 1 2 etc. Simple data sets define Products and Facilities
  7. 7. 7ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 3. Supply Planning : VEHICLES and ROUTES • Use available vehicles to move people and products between facilities to meet daily demands • Define delivery schedules and routes for the vehicles serving each facility Mission Route Map and Positioning of Vehicles
  8. 8. 8ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 3. Supply Planning : Vehicle and Route Data VEHICLE Name Type Carry Volume Max Weight Speed per Hr Ops Cost per km Delay - Depart Define data for each vehicle – CIV and MIL Rail Freight CIV 130 m3 63,000 65 $0.50 6 Large Truck CIV 110 m3 10,000 45 $1.50 8 etc.ROUTE Name Vehicle Distance Time Define vehicle routes (each vehicle has one or more routes) Tartus - Homs Rail Freight (calculated) (calculated) Hamah - Idlib Trucks - 20 (calculated) (calculated) etc. ROUTE - PRODUCT Name Facility/Stop Drop Qty Pickup Qty Define product drop qty for each product at each facility on a route Rations Homs CIV 20 Clothing Homs CIV 12 etc. Simple data sets enable accurate modeling and simulations of proposed humanitarian or military supply chains anywhere in the world
  9. 9. 9ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 4. Reconcile Plans: Build Supply Chain Model • Demand Plan provides data for: 1) PRODUCTS; 2) FACILITIES and product demand • Supply Plan provides data for: 3) VEHICLES; and 4) ROUTES and product delivery qty • Use this data to build initial supply chain model for disaster response mission
  10. 10. 10ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 4. Reconcile Plans: Run Simulations – Fix Problems Simulate operations to find points of failure Fix problems and explore options Mission commander can do “what if” analysis Supply chain design that works best in simulation becomes operating plan!
  11. 11. 11ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 4. Reconcile Plans: Analyze Simulation Data • Simulations generate data for analysis in printed reports and onscreen displays • Define delivery schedules and routes for the vehicles serving each facility
  12. 12. 12ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 5: Implement and Monitor: Collaboration • Cloud-based collaboration platform accessible to all (PCs, laptops, Internet) • Real-time visibility of problems as they arise, drives consensus and effective action • Data collection from participant organization computer systems and mobile devices • Map-based user interface to organize streams of data - Situational Awareness
  13. 13. 13ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam STEP 5. Implement and Monitor: Operations • Continuous planning and simulations to respond to new situations as mission unfolds… • Operations team uses M&OP and simulations to coordinate ongoing mission operations Monitor events, update simulations based on new data from field operations “No plan survives contact with the enemy”
  14. 14. 14ITEC Conference 2017 - Rotterdam Mission Planning Using Supply Chain Simulations Material in this presentation is discussed in greater detail in our paper titled “Operation Inherent Rescue: A Humanitarian Supply Chain Simulation for the Evacuation of Refugees from Aleppo, Syria” - available on the ITEC 17 Conference website We are interested to hear your questions and comments: • Dr. Dennis Duke - Florida Institute of Technology – dduke@fit.edu • Mr. Michael Hugos – SCM Globe Corporation – mhugos@scmglobe.com • Mr. William Morrissey (Col. US Army, Ret) – RDM Corporation - wjmorrissey@gmail.com SCM Globe supply chain modeling and simulation software (www.scmglobe.com) was used in this project. It is a cloud-based application currently used in universities and training programs worldwide. Companies are using it to model real supply chains and explore options for improvement. Learn more about this simulation in a video and case study on the SCM Globe Corporation website at - http://blog.scmglobe.com/?page_id=4672

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