Monica 托福講座重點

1,540 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,540
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Monica 托福講座重點

  1. 1. 托福講座重點 Monica 4.13.13
  2. 2. Tests for Studying Abroad 出國留學測驗 2 Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心
  3. 3. Getting to Know TOEFL 認識托福 3 Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心
  4. 4. What is TOEFL 托福是什麼? ETS (English Testing Services) 美國教育測驗服務社 TOEFL (Test of English as Foreign Language) TOEFL iBT  internet-based test TOEFL PBT  paper-based test Accepted by 8,500+ colleges in 130+ countries Registration Fee: $160 USD Register online @ http://www.ets.org/toeflProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 4
  5. 5. ETS(台灣區)托福能力測驗 from ets.orgProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 5
  6. 6. TOEFL iBT 測驗簡介 from ets.org 4 hours 30 pts 30 pts 30 pts 30 ptsProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 6 滿分: 120 pts
  7. 7. Reading閱讀 Academic Content 3 or 4 passages 3 graded 1 experimental 700 words each 12-14 Qs per set 20 minutes per set 60 min for 3 sets 80 min for 4 setsProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 7
  8. 8. Listening 聽力 Campus Life + Academic Lecture 2 or 3 Sets (6~9 passages) Each set has 3 passages Conversation  Lecture  Lecture Each set has 17 Qs Convo 5Qs  Lec 6Qs  Lec 6Qs 1 set (3 passages) ungraded Each set 10 min for Qs You can only listen to each passage ONCE, and you are NOT allowed to go back to the previous question(s)Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 8
  9. 9. Speaking 口說 6 Questions (20 min) Independent Tasks Question 1 – Personal Preference (45 seconds) Question 2 – Choice (45 seconds) Integrated Tasks Read/Listen/Speak Question 3 – Campus Situation (60 seconds) Question 4 – Academic Course (60 seconds) Listen/Speak Question 5 – Campus Situation (60 seconds) Question 6 – Academic course (60 seconds) You are NOT allowed to re-read the passagesProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 9
  10. 10. Writing 寫作 2 Tasks Task 1: Integrated Writing Read text (230-300 words) in 3 min Listen to a lecture (230-300 words) in 2 min Write a 150-225 word summary in 20 min Take 2: Independent Writing Write a 300 word essay in 30 minYou can refer back to the text but NOT the listeningProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 10
  11. 11. Skills for TOEFL 托福技巧 基本實力靠累積Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 11
  12. 12. 閱讀技巧一: Skimming 略讀: 托福愛考學生對文章結構的邏輯理解 略讀結構來預測文章類型與走向 練習: 瀏覽  略讀  精讀Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 12
  13. 13. Reading閱讀 Reading Purpose: Reading to find information Type of Organization: Basic comprehension Classification Reading to learn Comparison / Contrast Cause / Effect Author Purpose: Problem / Solution Exposition Argumentation HistoricalProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 13
  14. 14. 閱讀技巧二: Questions Types 熟悉題型: 托福閱讀有十大題型 熟習題型、避免陷阱Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 14
  15. 15. TOEFL Reading Questions TypesBasic Information and Inferencing questions (12 to 14 Qs per set) 1. Factual Information questions (3 to 6 Qs per set) 2. Negative Factual Information questions (0 to 2 Qs per set) 3. Inference questions (1 to 3 Qs per set) 4. Rhetorical Purpose questions (1 to 2 Qs per set) 5. Vocabulary questions (3 to 5 Qs per set) 6. Reference questions (0 to 2 Qs per set) 7. Sentence Simplification questions (0 to 1 Qs per set) 8. Insert Text question (1 Qs per set)Reading to Learn questions (1 per set) 1. Prose Summary 2. Fill in a TableProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 15
  16. 16. 閱讀技巧三: TPO is my best friend! Vocabulary 字彙: 增加學術方面的詞彙 閱讀中的字彙題先做 最好的字彙來自考古題 Get acquainted with the thesaurus!Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 16
  17. 17. to champion (v) 擁護, 支持, 為...而戰Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 17
  18. 18. to attribute… to (v) 把…歸因於; 把…歸屬於Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 18
  19. 19. autonomous (a) 自治的, 自主的, 獨立存在的 auto- 自己的, 自動的Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 19
  20. 20. 閱讀技巧四: Read 『讀』: 吸收多方面的背景知識 閱讀不同相關科目的文章 sciences (biology, geology, psychology, etc.) business (economics, finance, marketing, etc.), history (art, U.S. government, aboriginal people)Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 20
  21. 21. Reading 閱讀Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 21
  22. 22. 聽力技巧一: Main Idea 先聽主旨: 聽力每篇第一題99%出主旨題 聽懂最重要Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 22
  23. 23. Listening 聽力 聽力最重要Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 23
  24. 24. Example 主旨 首部 I would like to discuss… Today, we’ll focus on… Our topic for today is… Let’s talk about… As you recall… 尾部 To sum up… In conclusion… (to conclude…) In summary… (to summarize…) To review… In other words… From this, we can see that…Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 24
  25. 25. 聽力技巧二: Take Notes 抄筆記: Let’s listen to part of lecture in a __________ class. 聽信息引導詞/句  紀錄細節 first… second… last… let’s look at… let’s move on to… in the next part of the lecture… 重複單字/概念必抄 名詞、動詞、形容詞為重點 採用簡寫、縮寫、符號等速記法 畫出關係Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 25
  26. 26. Let’s Try! Listen  Take Notes  Summarize  Paraphrase  Time ResponseProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 26
  27. 27. Use points and examples from the talk, describe multiple personality disorder.Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 27
  28. 28. 聽力技巧三: Listen for turning points 聽轉折: 注意轉折詞 but, however, no longer on the other hand, on the contraryProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 28
  29. 29. 聽力技巧四: Vocabulary Out Loud 單字『唸』出來: 看得懂、寫得出、卻聽攏無 正統美國腔有連音、消音、彈舌音 背單字,同時背發音 包括不同詞性變化的讀法 (注意重輕音)Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 29
  30. 30. Example person (n) personate (v) 冒充; 扮演 personation (n) 冒充; 扮演 personify (v) 使擬人化; 使具體化 personification (n) 擬人化;具體化; 化身Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 30
  31. 31. 聽力技巧五:Listen & Repeat 跟讀: 聽一句重複一句 不要小看模仿 糾正發音 調整語調 熟悉句型 31 Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心
  32. 32. 聽力技巧六:Listen 多聽: 多聽學術方面的資訊 CNN BBC National Geographic Discovery Channel TED.com 32 Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心
  33. 33. Speaking 口說Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 33
  34. 34. 口說技巧一: Question types 熟悉題型: 口說的六大題型各有固定的結構 熟悉題型然後 practice, practice, practice 掌握 Question 1, 2, 3, 5 從Question 3 & 4的閱讀文章中抄下學術名詞 與解釋 Question 6 最難但不要放棄! 拼湊細節Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 34
  35. 35. 口說技巧二: Timing 控制好時間: 答案要飽滿也要完整 掌控秒數 45 sec 60 sec 開放式結尾OK但有頭有尾even better 一定要有結構 (即興寫作)Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 35
  36. 36. 口說技巧三: Practice 隨時隨地練習: time yourself 一定要計時 從簡單句型開始, 以「清楚」為主 慢慢加入多樣化的句型與詞彙Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 36
  37. 37. Speaking Question 1 Question Where would you like to be professionally in ten years? Use details to support your response. Preparation Time: 15 seconds Response Time: 45 secondsProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 37
  38. 38. 口說技巧四:Use Transitions 運用轉折詞: In ten years… / Ten years from now… Currently… / Presently… / At the moment… Next year… / In a year… / Soon… ___ years from now… / In ___ years… In the near future / Not long from now… / Before long… Within ___ years… First… Second… Then… Next… Following… Before… After… I see myself… / I will be… / I shall… / I imagine… / I hope to be… Not only… but also / If… then… / Because of… In addition to… / On top of that… / Moreover… / Furthermore…Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 38
  39. 39. Writing 寫作Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 39
  40. 40. 寫作技巧一: Grammar 注意文法: 托福其實也考文法 熟練各種句型 (開頭句, 結尾句, 例句) 注意時態 always save time to proofread 留幾分鐘檢查訂正Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 40
  41. 41. 寫作技巧二: Brainstorm 先想大綱: 花3~5分做準備 寫出立場 列下理由  always support your viewProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 41
  42. 42. 寫作技巧三:Introduction & Thesis 主題句: 主題句一定要寫 舉具體事例 列出相對缺點 使用數據 使用假想例子 使用比喻 42 Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心
  43. 43. 寫作技巧四:Conclusion 結尾: 好的結論有提分作用! 重申立場 總結理由 延伸擴展 未來問題的前景 未來的重要性 (潛能) 反對立場之後果 43 Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心
  44. 44. 寫作技巧五: Synonyms 同意字: 同意替換能加分喔! thesaurus Use a __________ (同意詞典)Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 44
  45. 45. Introduction Thesis Body Paragraph Reason 1 (support / example)• agree (v) support, approve, concede concur, favor, side with*• disagree (v) oppose, disapprove, contend, Reason 2 (support / example) dissent, protest• important (a) essential, critical, valuable, meaningful, necessary Reason 3 (support / example)• equal (a) same, similar, equivalent, matching, identical, comparable• financial (a) monetary, fiscal, budgeting Conclusion Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 45
  46. 46. 寫作技巧六: Type 練習英打: Practice typing without looking at the keyboardProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 46
  47. 47. Let’s take a look @ TPO Test #1Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 47
  48. 48. TOEFL @ ELITE 菁英的托福班 TOEFL (A) TOEFL (B)Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 48
  49. 49. North American accent* British/UK accents (not all) Listening: Listening: Multiple-choice questions Variety of question types Note-taking skill is essential Answer as you listen Speaking: Speaking: Record responses on computer Face-to-face with an examiner Writing: Writing: Type responses on computer Hand write responses on paper Length: 4 hours Length: 2 hrs. 45 min.Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 49
  50. 50. New Accents on the TOEFL from ets.orgProduced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 50
  51. 51. 托福雅思分數對照表 51 Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心
  52. 52. Thank you for coming!!!Produced by Monica Tsao 曹湘 for ELITE 菁英國際語言中心 52

×