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Finding sources using searchable databases


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Finding sources using searchable databases

  1. 1. Finding sources using searchable databases<br />How to use resources available to Truman students to find peer-reviewed scholarly articles in clinical and interpretive disciplines<br />
  2. 2. Your student fees include access to:<br />Pickler library web site <br />Subscription-only research databases<br />Numerous subscription-only e-journals<br />Hard copies of hundreds of scholarly journals<br />Easy to use if you’re in town<br />
  3. 3. To begin researching a topic,<br />Go to the library web site and click the “Articles & Research Databases” link<br />Scroll to the bottom of the screen to view Help Guides covering<br />Connecting to databases from home<br />Explaining types of articles (scholarly, popular, trade)<br />Keyword searching basics (use of AND, NOT, OR, etc.)<br />Citation tools<br />
  4. 4. Under “Starting points for research in most subjects”<br />You’ll find a link to the EBSCOHost family of databases under the “Background Information” heading<br />EBSCOHost is a good resource when you need access to peer-reviewed articles from multiple disciplines<br />Subscription-only, but available to you using the VPN and your Truman username/password<br />
  5. 5. Click “EBSCOHost”<br />The next screen asks you to choose databases<br />If you’re doing a wide-open search and just need to get a sense of what’s out there, click “Select all” then “Continue”<br />If you’ve chosen a discipline or two and want to search within it/them, click the box next to a database appropriate to the discipline then click “Continue”<br />
  6. 6. Databases often used for JINS 376:<br />For clinical information, Academic Search Elite and CINAHL are very useful<br />Academic Search Elite is a multidisciplinary database and will bring up interpretive as well as clinical sources<br />CINAHL is the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature; very clinical and includes multiple health sciences sub-disciplines like nursing, medicine, epidemiology, etc.<br />
  7. 7. Interpretive databases vary<br />Depends on what kind of interpretive discipline you’ve selected<br />Academic Search Elite is multidisciplinary; includes lots of humanities and social sciences journals<br />
  8. 8. For specific humanities disciplines per Choi & Pak:<br />History<br />Academic Search Elite<br />America: History & Life<br />Historical Abstracts<br />Languages<br />Academic Search Elite<br />MLA International Bibliography<br />
  9. 9. Humanities, continued:<br />Music<br />Academic Search Elite<br />RILM Abstracts of Music Literature<br />Visual arts<br />Academic Search Elite<br />Theatre<br />Academic Search Elite<br />
  10. 10. Humanities, continued:<br />Communication<br />Academic Search Elite<br />Communication & Mass Media Complete<br />Philosophy<br />Academic Search Elite<br />Philosopher’s Index<br />
  11. 11. For specific social sciences disciplines per Choi & Pak:<br />No psychology for this project; issues of epistemological distance<br />Sociology<br />Academic Search Elite<br />SocINDEX with Full Text<br />Economics<br />Academic Search Elite<br />SocINDEX<br />EconLit<br />
  12. 12. Social sciences, continued:<br />Political Sciences<br />Academic Search Elite<br />SocINDEX<br />International Studies<br />Academic Search Elite<br />SocINDEX<br />Theology<br />Academic Search Elite<br />ATLA Religion Database<br />Philosopher’s Index<br />
  13. 13. Once you’ve selected databases, it’s time to search.<br />Two things to consider:<br />Limiters<br />Keywords<br />
  14. 14. Limiters<br />You’ll see a green-framed box labeled “Search Options” with a “Limit your results” subheading.<br />Many databases feature a “Peer Reviewed” limit option. Definitely click that one.<br />Many databases feature a “Linked Full Text” limit option. Don’t click that one on your first round of searches. You might need it later, though.<br />
  15. 15. Limiters<br />Clicking “English Language” will omit all foreign-language articles.<br />Setting date limits might be wise for clinical searches; health sciences info becomes obsolete fairly quickly.<br />Some databases will allow you to narrow your search to just journal articles.<br />
  16. 16. Keywords<br />Choosing keywords is an amazingly important part of doing research.<br />Start with whatever seems obvious or intuitive to you.<br />Skim citations and abstracts for new terms that might make better keywords.<br />
  17. 17. Keywords<br />Play around with different keywords. If one term fails to bring up good citations for you, try something else (even if it seems far-fetched).<br />Once you’ve started finding articles, try combining terms to narrow the focus of your search to fit your project.<br />
  18. 18. For example--<br />Say I had decided to use nursing (falls within the “clinical medicine” branch of health sciences per Choi & Pak) and sociology (social sciences) for my paper.<br />I’m interested in disparities in maternal mortality rates broken down by socioeconomic status and racial/ethnic identity in the U.S.<br />
  19. 19. I go to EBSCOHost and select databases:<br />CINAHL and SocINDEX<br />I click the “Peer Reviewed” limiter<br />I click “English language” and select “Journal article” as publication type for CINAHL<br />I select “Periodical” as publication type for SocINDEX<br />
  20. 20. Now I know that all the results of this search will be peer-reviewed and will have been published in periodicals/journals (as opposed to being dissertations)<br />
  21. 21. Where to start with keywords?<br />I start by using fairly broad terms.<br />I type “maternal mortality and disparities” in the search term box (without using quotation marks).<br />This brings up 46 results.<br />
  22. 22. I want to make sure I stick within my selected disciplines.<br />I check the names of journals in my results list for the words “nursing” or “sociology.”<br />The third result was published in the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. Sounds good.<br />The title of the article is, “Identifying health disparities and social inequities affecting childbearing women and infants.”<br />
  23. 23. This looks promising.<br />I click on the article title for the full citation.<br />The abstract and subject headings suggest this is exactly the kind of thing I could use.<br />It’s not full-text in CINAHL or SocINDEX.<br />I click “Check for full text in Pickler Memorial Library.”<br />
  24. 24. There are several possible outcomes to checking for other full-text options.<br />The item might not be available full-text unless I request it through Inter-Library Loan (ILL) which costs a bit and may take too much time.<br />The item may be available full-text in the bound periodicals in Pickler, which is great if I can get to campus to make a photocopy.<br />The item may be available through Pickler’s subscription to an electronic version of the journal or the article’s inclusion in another database, like JSTOR.<br />
  25. 25. The link opens a new tab in my web browser.<br />There’s a “360 Link” logo in the upper left-hand corner.<br />I see an image of the journal cover, the abstract again, and links to download the article in either HTML or PDF format.<br />I click “PDF” and get a full-text pdf of the article.<br />
  26. 26. Now I double-check the article:<br />Does it work with my topic?<br />Yes; the interplay of social and physical factors in determining disparities in maternal mortality rates is exactly what I’m interested in.<br />Does it work with my disciplines?<br />Yes; the journal has “nursing” in the name and the first author has “RN” listed among her credentials.<br />Is it from a peer-reviewed scholarly source?<br />Yes; because of the way I set my limiters, I know all my results should be peer-reviewed journal articles.<br />
  27. 27. I need two more like that from nursing and three related articles from sociology.<br />I find two more relevant-looking articles published in nursing journals, one of which I can get by going to Pickler and one I’ll have to request through ILL.<br />I look for articles from SocINDEX and see one full-text from the Journal of Women’s Health, which I recognize as an interdisciplinary journal.<br />
  28. 28. Does this one meet my needs?<br />Journal of Women’s Health is an interdisciplinary journal, so I can’t tell what discipline is represented by the journal title.<br />I check the authors’ credentials and affiliations, according to the article: Of eleven authors, five have “MD” behind their name and those who don’t are affiliated with health agencies.<br />
  29. 29. Unless I want to re-define what clinical discipline I’m using, this article won’t work.<br />The authors are neither nurses nor sociologists.<br />The fact that the article discusses social factors is insufficient; I need work that has been reviewed and accepted as sociology by scholars acknowledged as experts in sociology.<br />
  30. 30. I find an article that looks great.<br />The title is “Political History and Disparities in Safe Motherhood Between Guatemala and Honduras.”<br />It was published in the journal Population & Development Review, which seems like it might include some sociological work.<br />It’s available full-text.<br />
  31. 31. No credentials or affiliations given for the authors, though.<br />I skim the content of the article– it seems useful, even if I’m more interested in disparities within the U.S. It’s about how structural issues and health interventions interact.<br />I google the authors’ names to determine what their disciplinary affiliations are.<br />
  32. 32. Two authors: <br />Jeremy Shiffman is an associate professor of public administration at Syracuse University. His PhD is in political science.<br />Ana Lucia Garces del Valle appears to have authored materials about public health policy in Guatemala, but nothing about her academic affiliations appears in English.<br />I have to either do without this article or switch to political science instead of sociology.<br />
  33. 33. Another article from the journal Society looks promising.<br />No author given; appears to be an article by the editors.<br />Wikipedia defines Society as a sociological journal, but the journal’s own website describes it as an interdisciplinary journal for the social sciences.<br />I’m dissatisfied; I try searching SocINDEX using different keywords. Maybe “maternal mortality and disparities” is too clinical.<br />
  34. 34. New keywords, same database:<br />I try using “maternal health and disparities” (again, no quotation marks) searching just SocINDEX using peer-reviewed/journal article limiters.<br />36 results; the third one on the list is “Pregnant and Poor in the Suburb: The Experiences of Economically Disadvantaged Women of Color with Prenatal Services in a Wealthy Suburban County.”<br />
  35. 35. Works for topic and peer-reviewed; does it work for discipline?<br />Published in a journal called Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare<br />The first author is affiliated with a school of medicine, but the other four authors are affiliated with schools of social work or social welfare<br />Available full-text and has a lengthy list of references I can mine for more sources<br />
  36. 36. Other options besides EBSCOHost<br />If there is an academic library near you, check with a librarian there to find out what resources you can access locally.<br />Google Scholar may provide appropriate material, but you will be responsible for ensuring that your articles are genuinely peer-reviewed.<br />