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Psycho Therapy

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  1. 1. PSYCHOTHERAPY Sathish RAJAMANI. M.Sc (N) Lecturer, AMCON - CBE
  2. 2. DEFINITION <ul><li>The Treatment of emotional or related bodily problems by psychological means. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a process of helping a distressed person, which aims at facilitating a change in his feelings, attitudes and behavior by means of verbal and emotional communication. </li></ul>
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Removing, modifying or retarding existing symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Changing disturbed patterns of behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting positive personality growth and development. </li></ul><ul><li>Finding out causes for emotional problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>To improve IPR. </li></ul>
  5. 5. DIFFERENCES <ul><li>Goal: Preventive </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: Problems/Issue oriented. (Pre Marital. Marital and Disaster Counseling). </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional Support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re Assurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explanation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goal: Curative </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: Treatment Oriented. </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques: </li></ul><ul><li>Abreaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior Modification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dream Analysis </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY <ul><li>Depth of probing into the unconscious mind. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Superficial / Short term / Supportive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep / Long term / Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No of Patients Treated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. TYPES <ul><li>Purpose of which it is given, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supportive or Guidance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re – Constructive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re Build </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. TECHNIQUES <ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>Abreaction </li></ul><ul><li>Reassurance </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestion </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Work as a therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasion </li></ul>
  9. 9. VENTILATION <ul><li>It is the process of allowing the release of bottled emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to express the suppressed emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>Patient is allowed to talk whatever comes into his mind. </li></ul>
  10. 10. ABREACTION <ul><li>It is a process of exploring a repressed emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: ‘Ok’, Than What Happened? </li></ul>
  11. 11. REASSURANCE <ul><li>Supportive approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “You do not have a serious problem. I am confident that you will get well”. </li></ul>
  12. 12. EXPLANATION <ul><li>Explanations are provided to remove misconceptions and to provide proper understanding of a problem. </li></ul>
  13. 13. SUGGESTION <ul><li>Suggestion is a process by which symptoms relief is achieved through positive statements made with a degree of firmness and authority. </li></ul>
  14. 14. PERSUASION <ul><li>Persuasion is a procedure in which therapist urges the patient repeatedly to change his behavior or to try new methods of dealing with his problem. </li></ul>
  15. 15. REINFORCEMENT <ul><li>Reinforcement or rewards are potent methods to enhance the desired behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be verbal or material in nature. </li></ul>
  16. 16. RECREATION <ul><li>It helps to break the monotony of work. </li></ul><ul><li>It is essentially required for the patients who have developed emotional problems as a result of having to perform monotonous and hard work. </li></ul>
  17. 17. WORK AS THERAPY <ul><li>When a person engages in work his preoccupation with emotional problems decreases.. </li></ul><ul><li>It enhances self – esteem, and helps to resolve conflicts in many circumstances. </li></ul>
  18. 18. RELAXATION <ul><li>It is especially useful for the anxious individual. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an effective intervention for many psychosomatic problems like, HT, PUD, BA and Migraine. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Yoga and Asanas. </li></ul>