Occupational therapy

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Occupational Therapy

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Occupational therapy

  1. 1. OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY SATHISH Rajamani. M.Sc (N) Lecturer AMCON
  2. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Occupational Therapy (OT) can be described as the art and science of challenging an individual’s effort in specially selected activities that have been designed to restore and enhance his performance. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Any activity, which engages a person’s resources of time and energy and is composed of skills and values”. </li></ul>OCCUPATION
  4. 5. DEFINITION <ul><li>OT is the application of goal – oriented and, purposeful activity in the assessment and treatment of individuals with psychological, physical or developmental disabilities. </li></ul>
  5. 6. GOALS <ul><li>Promotion of recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilization of total assets of the patient </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of hospitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of good habits of work and leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the patient to regain self – confidence </li></ul>
  6. 7. SETTINGS <ul><li>OT is provided to children, adolescents, adults and elderly patients. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychiatric Hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Homes </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation Centers </li></ul><ul><li>Special Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Community Mental Health Centers </li></ul><ul><li>Halfway Homes and De – addiction Centers </li></ul>
  7. 8. SERVICES <ul><li>Independent living skills: Self – care or Self Maintenance. </li></ul><ul><li>Crafts, Socialization, Leisure activity and Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Employment and Academic preparation, Home making, child care or parenting. </li></ul><ul><li>Design fabrication and application of orthotic devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Therapeutic exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Patient or family education / Counseling . </li></ul>
  8. 9. OT IN AN IN – PATIENT UNIT
  9. 10. OT ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Assertiveness Training </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Activities Living </li></ul><ul><li>Music, Art and Clay Work. </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry and Drama. </li></ul><ul><li>Craft Work </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Work </li></ul><ul><li>Weaving </li></ul><ul><li>Painting </li></ul><ul><li>Social Skills Training </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Works </li></ul><ul><li>Sewing </li></ul><ul><li>Leather Work </li></ul><ul><li>Ceramics </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>OT are classified as follows , </li></ul><ul><li>Diversional – E.g.. Organized games. </li></ul><ul><li>Remedial – E.g.. Physiotherapy for particular muscle groups. (Basket making, Weaving, Carpentry, Gardening, Embroidery) Physiotherapy also includes (Heat massage, Electrotherapy) </li></ul>CLASSIFICATION
  11. 12. <ul><li>OT helps to build a more healthy and integrated ego. </li></ul><ul><li>OT helps to express and deal with needs and feelings. </li></ul><ul><li>Assists in the gratification of basic needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthens Ego defenses. </li></ul><ul><li>Reverses Psychopathology </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates personality development. </li></ul><ul><li>Develops Self Esteem and Good Self – Concept. </li></ul>ADVANTAGES
  12. 13. SUUGGESTED OCCUPATIONAL ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Anxiety Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Depressive Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Manic Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Simple concrete tasks with not more than 3 or 4 steps. (Sweeping, Washing, Weeding garden) </li></ul><ul><li>Simple concrete tasks which are achievable. (Crafts) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-competitive activities that allows the use of energy and expression of feelings. (Raking Grass) </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Schizophrenia (Paranoid) </li></ul><ul><li>Catatonic Schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Social Personality </li></ul><ul><li>Dementia </li></ul><ul><li>Non-competitive solitary meaningful tasks that require some degree of concentration (Puzzles) </li></ul><ul><li>Simple concrete tasks in which patients involves actively. (Metal work, Molding clay) </li></ul><ul><li>Activities that enhance self – esteem and expressive and creative. (Leather Work, Painting) </li></ul><ul><li>Group activities to increase feeling of belonging and self-worth. (Cover making, packing goods) </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Substance Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Childhood and Adolescent disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Group activities in which patient uses his talents. (Involve patient in planning social activities) </li></ul><ul><li>Children – Playing, Story telling, Painting, Poetry Music etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescents – Leather work drawing, painting etc. </li></ul><ul><li>MR – Cover making, candle making and packing goods. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Involve patients to select activity </li></ul><ul><li>Activity should utilizes patients strength and abilities. </li></ul><ul><li>The activity should be of short duration to foster feeling of accomplishments. </li></ul><ul><li>The selected activity should provide new experience for the patient. </li></ul>POINTS TO BE KEPT IN MIND
  16. 17. NURSES ROLE IN OT
  17. 18. <ul><li>Observer </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Parent </li></ul><ul><li>Supporter </li></ul><ul><li>Guide and Friend </li></ul><ul><li>Warden </li></ul>
  18. 19. CONCLUSION <ul><li>It is well clear that occupational therapy plays an important role for treating and rehabilitating mentally – ill clients. </li></ul>

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