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Iranian (Persian) Festival

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Iranian (Persian) Festival

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Iranian (Persian) Festival

  1. 1. Festivals National Islamic Based on solar calender Based on lunar calender Common among all Iranians Only Muslims practice
  2. 2. National Festivals are based on solar calendar <ul><li>Nowruz (New year festival on 21 st of Mar.)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Mehrgan (Autumn festival on 9 th of Oct.)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Yalda (The winter feast on 21 st of Dec.)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Sadeh (The fire festival on 31 st Jan.)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Chahar-shanbe suri ( Red Wednesday bonfire festival on the last Wednesday of year)‏ </li></ul>
  3. 3. NowRuz =New Day New year Festival dates back to 1200 BC <ul><li>Iran </li></ul><ul><li>Azerbaijan </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Tajikistan </li></ul><ul><li>Kurdish people in Iraq and Turkey </li></ul>
  4. 4. Iranian New Year
  5. 5. What do we do in Nowruz? <ul><li>Spring Cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>Haft-sin =7-S (prepare 7 items starting with letter “S” in Persian) </li></ul><ul><li>Deed-o Bazdid : New year visits. </li></ul><ul><li>Sizdeh-bedar : The Day 13 outing. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Haftsin (7-S) table 1. S abzeh 2. S ib 3. S ir 4. S omaq 5. S enjed 1 6. S ekke 7. S amanu Wheat sprout Apple Garlic Coins Fruit of Lotus tree Sumac berries Wheat pudding
  7. 7. Other items in Haftsin table 2 Candles Mirror Goldfish Painted Eggs
  8. 8. Haftsin (7-S)‏ Google logo on 21 st of March
  9. 9. Haftsin in Trieste 21 st Mar. 2007
  10. 10. Haftsin-Painted Egg, Trieste 2007
  11. 11. Nowruz market
  12. 12. Nowruz market : Gold-fish
  13. 13. Nowruz market : Painted Eggs
  14. 14. Sizdeh-bedar =The day 13 outing
  15. 15. The day 13 outing
  16. 16. The day 13 outing
  17. 17. The day 13 outing
  18. 18. Yalda = Winter solstice
  19. 19. Yalda dates back to 4000 BC <ul><li>The eve of 21 st Dec.: Longest night of the year. </li></ul><ul><li>It marks the victory of light and sun over the forces of darkness </li></ul><ul><li>Rebirth of sun god Mithra (Mehr) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Past : Fires burnt all night+ Feast. </li></ul><ul><li>Now : A winter feast. In this night the family get to gather and have nuts, seeds, fruits. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Yalda Feast <ul><ul><li>Watermelon </li></ul></ul>Pomegranate Ajil (Nuts, Seeds) ‏
  21. 22. Red-Wednesday bonfire On the eve of the last Wednesday of Iranian calender
  22. 23. Jump over the fire while singing: My yellowness [paleness] for you, your redness [strength] for me. Red-Wednesday
  23. 24. Red-Wednesday Nowadays using firecrackers and fireworks have become quite common on this day.
  24. 25. Islamic Festivals are based on lunar calender <ul><li>Ashura is the remembrance of martyrdom of the 3 rd Imam in Shia' </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-Sha'ban (Birth of 12 th Imam) ‏ </li></ul>Shia' All Muslims <ul><li>Eid-e Qorban </li></ul><ul><li>Eid-e Fetr </li></ul><ul><li>Ramadan </li></ul>

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