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Siemens cources in Arabic

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Siemens cources in Arabic

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Siemens cources in Arabic

  1. 1. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رب‬ ‫ا‬)‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ى‬( ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ول‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬،‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ة‬ ‫اى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ة‬ ‫او‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وو‬‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫م‬/
  2. 2. ‫ول‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ً‫ا‬‫در‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ 1-‫زل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫أ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫وم‬ 3-‫ازى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ 4-‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ب‬ 5-‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ 6-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ 7-‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ددة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ 8-‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 9-‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ 10-‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ 11-‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ 12-‫ا‬ ‫ب‬‫ـ‬KVA‫ل‬ )1(‫ون‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫و‬ ‫اة‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫اة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وى‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ى‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ )‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ا‬(‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬
  3. 3. ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫وا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫رو‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬13‫و‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ا‬13‫آ‬ ‫د‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫درة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬)‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬(‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫او‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ذب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذب‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫د‬ ‫ة‬ ‫او‬ ‫ذب‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫اآ‬ F = Q1*Q2 /r2 ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬
  4. 4. ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ، ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ذرة‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ا‬ ‫درة‬ ‫آ‬‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫زل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذرة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫د‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬)‫ت‬( ‫ة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫ا‬ ، ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫ا‬ ، ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ )‫س‬ ‫ا‬(‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫اآ‬ 2-‫زل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫زل‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ور‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫زل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وج‬ ‫ل‬ ‫زل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬
  5. 5. 3-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬)‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رو‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذرة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ )I(‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬..........<‫ه‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬Amp Amp‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ان‬18 6.24x10‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫و‬ 1KA 1000A 1Ma 1/1000A 1MA 1/1000 000 A ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬
  6. 6. ) ‫ا‬V( ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫ة‬ ‫او‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫وره‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ء‬(EMF)‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬(V)،(E)‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وو‬(volt) ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬)‫وآ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬(‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫و‬ 1KV 1000V 1Mv 1/1000 V 1MV 1/1000 000V ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ . ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ، ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ق‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫در‬ ، ‫و‬ ، ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬(R)‫ة‬ ‫وو‬(Ώ)Ohm)‫أوم‬(
  7. 7. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 1k Ώ 1000 Ώ 1M Ώ 1000 000 Ώ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬.‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ح‬.‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ا‬‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أوم‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ I=E/R E=voltage ‫ا‬ I=current ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ R=resistance ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬DC ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬.‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ول‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬. ‫و‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬
  8. 8. ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬=‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ R Total = 11k Ώ + 2 k Ώ + 2 k Ώ + 0.1 k Ώ + 1 k Ώ = 16.1 k Ώ = 16100 Ώ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وى‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬(voltage Drop) ‫ع‬ ‫ان‬ ‫او‬ ‫ف‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬ ‫ت‬(‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫وى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫س‬‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬=3 V ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫س‬‫و‬R1,R2=6V ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫س‬R1,R2,R3=9V ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫س‬R1,R2,R3,R4=12V=‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫از‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬
  9. 9. ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫دة‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬R1‫ا‬ ‫و‬R2 ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  10. 10. ‫از‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫از‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬=‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬)‫ف‬ ‫آ‬(
  11. 11. ‫ل‬
  12. 12. ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫از‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬
  13. 13. ‫ل‬2 ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬POWER
  14. 14. 1-‫ا‬:‫ذ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ع‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ 2-‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬:‫ف‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬)‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وث‬ ‫ل‬ ( P :‫و‬ Watt ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬
  15. 15. ‫ة‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫او‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ه‬) ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬120V 100Watt ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬------ < ‫زادت‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫و‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬.‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫ة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ء‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬)‫و‬( ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬(‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ادة‬ ‫د‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ور‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬
  16. 16. ‫ذب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ء‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬
  17. 17. ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬)(‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬.‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬‫و‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ادئ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬AC ‫دد‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬dc‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫د‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬dc ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬AC‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬.‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬AC SIN WAVE
  18. 18. ‫ار‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬sine ‫ر‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬)‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬(‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬)‫ا‬ ‫ا‬(‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫آ‬ ‫دورة‬ ‫ا‬360‫ة‬ ‫وا‬ ‫دورة‬ ‫اى‬ ‫در‬)‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ورة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬(‫ا‬ ‫ورات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫س‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وو‬hertz ( HZ) ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬phase3&single phase ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫زل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ددة‬ ‫دورات‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬120‫آ‬ ‫در‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  19. 19. ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ش‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ذراع‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ور‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫رة‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ق‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ش‬ ‫و‬ ‫ور‬ ‫و‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬‫ا‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬0‫ط‬ ‫اى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ازى‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬0 ‫ور‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ا‬0‫ا‬90‫در‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ا‬90‫ا‬180‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬0 ‫وران‬ ‫ا‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ا‬180‫ا‬270‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ط‬
  20. 20. ‫وران‬ ‫ا‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ا‬270‫ا‬360‫و‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬0 ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬frequency ‫دد‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ورات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬60‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دورة‬60hz ‫دد‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬
  21. 21. ‫ا‬ ‫ورات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دور‬ ‫د‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫د‬)‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دورة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬:‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬peak to peak ‫ا‬‫ا‬ E = V peak ×sin Ө ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬RMS ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬)‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫اى‬120 ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬=0.707*169.7 ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارى‬ ‫ا‬DC 1 A RMS= 1 A DC SAME RESISTANCE
  22. 22. ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬inductance ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫درا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬)‫ت‬ ‫ا‬(‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫وم‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وم‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬l‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وو‬hhennery ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫د‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬)‫ا‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬dc (‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ac‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬) (‫ا‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫زاد‬ ‫اذا‬‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ول‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ه‬l‫د‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ع‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬
  23. 23. ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬)τ= (‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬=l/r ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ Lt= L1+L2+L3+L4 =2mh+2mh+ 1mh+ 1mh=6mh
  24. 24. ‫از‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ 1/LT=1/L1+1/L2+1/L3 = 7/20 =2.86 MH ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬:‫ز‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ن‬
  25. 25. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ع‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬farad F ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬،‫ة‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ا‬63.2%‫داد‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬
  26. 26. ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دا‬6‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ازى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬
  27. 27. ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬،‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬(Z) ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬XL ‫رة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ه‬ ‫وق‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬(L)،‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬
  28. 28. ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬90‫در‬
  29. 29. ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬
  30. 30. ‫د‬‫وا‬C,L,R‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ XL = XC
  31. 31. ‫دوا‬C,L,R‫از‬ ‫ا‬
  32. 32. ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬power & power factor ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬(‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬PF ‫دوا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬AC ‫ن‬PF=1‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ان‬ ‫اى‬
  33. 33. ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬)(‫او‬)‫ز‬( ‫ز‬ ‫و‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬.. ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫دة‬
  34. 34. ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ت‬:‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ 2-‫ا‬ ‫ت‬:‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫د‬ ‫اآ‬
  35. 35. ‫ت‬ Np/ns=ep/es=is/ip
  36. 36. ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ (KVA) ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ (KVA) ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ 1-Deltta ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وى‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ً ‫ا‬
  37. 37. 2-STAR Vline to line >vline to ground
  38. 38. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ا‬motors،‫ا‬compressor،‫ت‬pumps 2-‫ت‬ ‫و‬busway 3-‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬circuit breakers 4-‫ت‬control component 5-‫ء‬ ‫آ‬enclosed switches 6-‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬HMI 7-‫ءة‬ ‫ا‬lighting control 8-‫ا‬ ‫آ‬‫ل‬load centers 9-‫ادات‬metering 10-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬motion control and servo drives 11-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫و‬motor control center 12-‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬panel board 13-‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬power monitoring system 14-‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬power supplies 15-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬process control center 16-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬plc 17-‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬switch board 18-‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬switch gear 19-‫ت‬transformers 20-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬variable speed control ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬
  39. 39. ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫ا‬،‫ت‬ ‫ا‬،‫م‬ ‫را‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  40. 40. ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ ‫دوران‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫دورة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوران‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوران‬3600‫ا‬ ‫ة‬RPM‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬60‫ه‬
  41. 41. ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬(‫ا‬I2 T)‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬(‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬)‫ت‬( ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬phase3 ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬120‫در‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫ار‬
  42. 42. ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬residential applications ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ءة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اض‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬
  43. 43. ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬
  44. 44. ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬circuit breakers ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وه‬15-125‫و‬ ‫ا‬120-230 ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬
  45. 45. ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ات‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬commercial applications
  46. 46. ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬busway ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫د‬
  47. 47. ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ Switch board‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ panelboard Load center‫اآ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ……>>>>>6000A 600 V ‫ا‬ 125 A ….1200 A 120 V…..600 V ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ءة‬ ‫م‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ -‫ا‬ -‫م‬ ‫ا‬ -max 240 volt, 255 A ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬circuit breakers 15-- 1200 amp
  48. 48. ….>>>>> 5000 amp Fusable 30- >>12000 amp ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬panel board
  49. 49. ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬switch board
  50. 50. Switch board construction
  51. 51. ‫ادات‬ ‫ا‬:‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬)rms(‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬TBS ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اوح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬
  52. 52. ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دئ‬motor starter ‫ت‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬licationindustrial app ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬1000low voltage ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬1000‫ا‬100‫آ‬medium voltage )‫ز‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬100‫ا‬ ‫آ‬230‫آ‬high voltage ‫اوى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬240‫ا‬ ‫آ‬800‫آ‬extra high voltage Switch gear‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬)‫را‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫و‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬16.5 KV -> 38 KV
  53. 53. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬208‫و‬400‫و‬480‫و‬600 ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬5000‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  54. 54. ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ت‬)‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫ت‬)‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ 3-‫آ‬ ‫ا‬-‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ 4-‫ة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬plc PLC
  55. 55. ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬plc‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دئ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫و‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬plc‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬plc‫او‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬ HMI
  56. 56. ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ل‬ ‫د‬ ‫م‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬siemens ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬7 200s ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬7 300s ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ة‬ ‫ا‬7400s ‫ا‬‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬plc ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬24 vdcplc‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ups ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬plc ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬
  57. 57. CNC controlled machine ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬‫د‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ن‬plc‫و‬cnc‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ Sinumerik ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬siemens‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬
  58. 58. ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬Assembly process 2(‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬)NEMA(‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  59. 59. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  60. 60. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬SOFT STARTER ‫ت‬)DRIVES(‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ AC:‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ DC:‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬DC..............Simorig
  61. 61. ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ LAN ‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬PLC‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬:‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬
  62. 62. ‫ة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫د‬ ‫ون‬ ‫و‬ ً ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اءة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ه‬ ‫او‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ً ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اد‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬
  63. 63. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫آ‬(‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫او‬ ‫اوح‬ ‫ا‬.................... NEMA ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ IEC ‫ا‬ ‫م‬‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ة‬ ‫ا‬:‫رة‬ ‫اى‬ ‫او‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫او‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫او‬ ‫د‬ ‫ه‬ 2-‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬
  64. 64. 3-‫م‬ ‫ا‬torque ‫ا‬ ‫دوران‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وران‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ذراع‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اذا‬=‫ة‬ ‫ا‬×‫ا‬)‫وران‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬( T=F×R 4-‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬inertia ‫اذا‬ ‫ا‬‫ر‬ ‫ة‬ ‫اى‬
  65. 65. ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اذا‬ 5-‫ك‬ ‫ا‬friction ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ر‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ج‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ه‬ 1-‫وا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 3-‫وران‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ 6-‫ا‬speed ‫و‬ ‫ك‬)‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ا‬=‫ا‬/‫ا‬ 7-‫ورا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫دورة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫او‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وو‬RPM‫دورة‬ 7-‫ا‬acceleration
  66. 66. ‫ا‬)‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬(‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ 8-‫ا‬energy ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫اذن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬=‫ة‬ ‫ا‬×‫ا‬ W= F ×D 9-‫رة‬ ‫ا‬power ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬=w/T ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬=E×I = P ( watt ) =‫ا‬×‫ر‬ ‫ا‬
  67. 67. ‫ددة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬AC ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬‫ب‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬VAR ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬1‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ Watt/EI= PF=COSӨ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وات‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ KW=3/4 HP
  68. 68. HP=1.341 KW ‫ال‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬AC ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ر‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ل‬3PHASE ‫و‬asynchronous induction‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬rotor‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ 1-stator 2-rotor 3-enclosure 1-stator
  69. 69. ‫ال‬stator‫ال‬ ‫و‬rotor‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ه‬stator‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ت‬stator ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬
  70. 70. Rotor ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬squirrel cage ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬
  71. 71. ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬enclosure ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ال‬stator‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ال‬rotor‫ال‬ ‫دا‬stator‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫اغ‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬)‫ل‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ا‬)ball bearing(‫ال‬rotor shaft‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫و‬shaft‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬
  72. 72. ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫آ‬‫ر‬ ‫ا‬
  73. 73. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬)‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫آ‬( ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ادة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ر‬ ‫رؤ‬ ‫ذب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ور‬‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫داد‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  74. 74. ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬‫آ‬ ‫ر‬
  75. 75. ‫داد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬
  76. 76. ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ك‬induction‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  77. 77. ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ول‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اءة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ت‬stator 6‫ت‬ 2‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫اه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ور‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬A1‫ن‬A2‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬
  78. 78. A,B,C‫ان‬120‫در‬ ‫د‬ ‫د‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ات‬2 ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ 1-
  79. 79. 2-
  80. 80. ‫دا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬
  81. 81. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ Synchronous speed ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬
  82. 82. ‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬rotor ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬.‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ت‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوران‬ ‫و‬(permanent magnet synch motor)
  83. 83. 2(‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬rotor‫ن‬ ‫دى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬stator‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬rotor‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬(N) A1‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬rotor‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬s‫دوران‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬rotor
  84. 84. ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬slip ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬‫ال‬ ‫آ‬rotor‫م‬ ‫ورى‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬)‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫د‬ ‫ز‬(‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ Wound rotor motor ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ا‬rotor‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬)‫ت‬(‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ل‬rotor ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ Synchronous motors
  85. 85. ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬dc‫ر‬)‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ squirrel cage‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬dc‫ور‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬rotor‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ 3-Rpm
  86. 86. ‫او‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬NS=1800 ‫ق‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬(slip)1.9% ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ان‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬1765 4-‫او‬ ‫ا‬service factor ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬)1(‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬)1.15(‫دة‬ ‫ز‬15%‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ 5-‫ل‬ ‫ا‬( class insulation) ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬A, B ,FH
  87. 87. 5-‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ 6-‫ا‬efficiency ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬
  88. 88. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬NEMA ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬NEMA A,B,C,D A‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬،B‫را‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬،C,D‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫درا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ HP = T×RPM/5250 T= HP×5250/RPM ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬starting torque
  89. 89. ‫ال‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬rotor‫ك‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬stator‫ال‬rotor‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫و‬ 150%‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ 2-‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬wn torquebreakdo&accelerating ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬rotor‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وران‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬( B‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬C‫ان‬ ‫ر‬)‫اآ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ 3-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬)full load torque(
  90. 90. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬100 %‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)rated(‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دد‬)‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬slip‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬)NEMA B(‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اوح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬rotor‫ن‬ ‫ك‬600-650 %‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬ NEMA A motors
  91. 91. ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬NEMA A‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫ورى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ NEMA C motors ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬225) %‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫م‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬5 HP - 200 HP NEMA D motors ‫م‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬280%‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ش‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬
  92. 92. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬derating factors ‫رس‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اداء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬10%‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬rated‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬20 % ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬10%‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬20%‫آ‬‫او‬ ‫ا‬.‫آ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫او‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ 2-‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ 3-‫ا‬)‫ى‬ ‫ا‬(altitude ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬3300‫م‬)‫غ‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬
  93. 93. ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬drives&motors ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬v/f ‫ا‬Ф,‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ان‬ ‫آ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫م‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬)‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ف‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬Ф ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬WI T ά Ф, I W
  94. 94. ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫و‬ ‫ف‬stator‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬drives‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ان‬0‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬60hz‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ v/f‫ا‬---‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬drives‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬
  95. 95. ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬30 hz‫ا‬ ‫و‬230 v ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬460 V ‫و‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اذن‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬
  96. 96. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ NEMA B 150%‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ 600%‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬drive‫داد‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ام‬drives‫ان‬ ‫ا‬150%‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  97. 97. ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬200%‫م‬ ‫ا‬ 200%‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬drive‫ذ‬ ‫در‬)‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اي‬200%‫ر‬( ‫ال‬drive‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬150%‫ة‬ ‫م‬1‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬drive‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬. ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫دا‬drive‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬v/f‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬100%‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ال‬harmonic‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫و‬spikes‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ال‬drives‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ 3-‫در‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬drives‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫زادت‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ازداد‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ال‬spikes‫ذ‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬1.15‫ال‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬spikes‫و‬‫ال‬harmonics ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬
  98. 98. ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ب‬
  99. 99. ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫راع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وران‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬=F×R F‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ R‫راع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ت‬ Centrifugal pump ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬20%‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫و‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫دا‬‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬NEMA B 200 HP
  100. 100. ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ Screw down actuator ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬200 %‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬Nema B‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬NEMA B‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬NEMA D
  101. 101. ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اى‬‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫زا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ Enclosure‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬
  102. 102. ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اد‬ ‫وا‬ ‫زات‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬ Mounting ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬NEMA ‫ا‬ ‫م‬IEC
  103. 103. ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫او‬
  104. 104. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬DRIVES ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ة‬ ‫ا‬،‫م‬ ‫ا‬،‫ا‬،‫ا‬،‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬،‫ك‬ ‫ا‬،‫ا‬،‫رة‬ ‫ا‬،‫ن‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬HP 2-‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬،‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬name plate‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬nema a b c d‫ءة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ 3-‫دا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬/‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫ال‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬rotor K‫ر‬ ‫ا‬
  105. 105. 3-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬nema‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ VS‫ال‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬stator‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬.‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ث‬)voltage drop(‫ن‬ ‫و‬E‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬Im ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ال‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬rotor‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬30%‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬)‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬(Iw ‫ال‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬rotor‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ر‬statorIs ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ط‬stator ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬sI ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اغ‬ ‫ا‬ Stator ‫ال‬ ‫و‬rotor‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬Ф ‫ر‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اف‬ stator ‫ال‬ ‫ر‬stator LSstator‫ال‬ ‫و‬statorr ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ rotor ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬lm‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬IM LR‫ال‬ ‫ت‬rotor
  106. 106. Im Iw‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬F/V -‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫دا‬v/f‫ان‬ ‫و‬ -‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬600%‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬drive‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫رة‬150%2 t= Ф
  107. 107. ‫ج‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬200%‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬200%‫م‬200%‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬drive200% ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬drive150%‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ Field weakening‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫م‬ ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اى‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬
  108. 108. ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬60‫ه‬44%‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬90‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬drive‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دادات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دادات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬
  109. 109. ‫اى‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬120‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ل‬37%‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دادات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬25% ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬100%‫ذ‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ءة‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ 150%‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫اذا‬drive‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬
  110. 110. ‫ال‬ ‫دئ‬AC DRIVES ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬siemens Siemens motor inverter Simovert ‫ال‬drive‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ا‬inverters VVI variable voltage inverter-‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ -current source inverter CSI‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ل‬ -PWI‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ض‬ ‫و‬)pulse width modulation( ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬AC‫ا‬DC‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬AC‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دد‬ VVI ‫م‬SCR‫ز‬‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬DC‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬0‫ا‬600 VDC‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬L1‫ا‬ ‫و‬C1‫ال‬DC‫ال‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬inverter ‫ن‬6‫ال‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬thyristorbipolar transistor , MOSFET , IGBT ,‫م‬ ‫و‬microprocessor‫دد‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬six-step6×60‫آ‬ ‫دورة‬ ‫در‬.‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬sin ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ال‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ث‬switching‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬)‫ال‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬sin(
  111. 111. CSI‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬SCR‫ر‬DC‫ال‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬inverter‫م‬SCR‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬drive ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ا‬pulse width modulation ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬siemens drives‫اآ‬ ‫ر‬sin‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬drives‫ا‬
  112. 112. ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬AC‫إ‬DC)Converter( ‫ن‬6‫د‬ ‫ا‬Diodes‫ل‬3‫ز‬AC‫إ‬DC‫م‬ ‫و‬L1,C1‫ا‬ ‫و‬VDC =1.5‫ال‬AC ‫ه‬ ‫و‬650 VDC‫ـ‬480VAC ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬INVERTER‫ال‬ ‫و‬INVERTER
  113. 113. ‫ال‬IGBT‫ن‬ON, OFF‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ IGBT‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ON , OFF‫م‬‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ON400‫ا‬ ‫وو‬500 ‫ال‬ ‫ع‬15 VDC‫ال‬GATE‫ا‬ ‫ل‬IGBTOFF ‫ال‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬GATE‫و‬-15VDC‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬AC
  114. 114. ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬A+،B-‫ا‬A, B‫ن‬+ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬A+,B+‫ن‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬Zero ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬A- , B+‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬CONVERTER‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ON ,OFF‫ة‬ ‫ج‬PWM ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬IGBT‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ IGBT‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ات‬sin wave‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬DC ‫ا‬،‫ر‬ ‫ا‬PWM ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬‫اآ‬‫ال‬SIN‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬
  115. 115. ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬DRIVE‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬DC 650 ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬PWM‫دد‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬،‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫و‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬DRIVES‫ال‬ ‫ا‬SIEMENS
  116. 116. ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ENCLOSURE (NEMA) ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬nema 1 ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬)nema 4( ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬(nema 4X) ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬nema 12 )( ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫در‬0-40°‫و‬0-50° ‫ا‬ 3300feet ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ر‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬SPIKES‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬
  117. 117. ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬DRIVE‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬MICRO,MINI ,(50MT)‫و‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬25MTShield ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬3HZ>>6----47‫اول‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬DRIVES ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬0-----‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬0------650 HZ
  118. 118. ‫ال‬ ‫ح‬MICRO،MINI‫ل‬SIEMENS Parameters ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬P202 ramp‫ه‬ ‫و‬0-650 ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬10‫ال‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬drive‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬Opdrive‫ح‬p‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وث‬drive‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬
  119. 119. 1(‫ال‬ ‫و‬RAMP ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ 2()analog input(AIN ‫ل‬ ‫د‬ ‫م‬100--------0%‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ 3-)DI(digital input ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وران‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ال‬ ‫دا‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬parameters
  120. 120. 4-thermistor ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ 5-analog output ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ض‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ 6-output relay ‫ال‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ض‬drive‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫او‬ parameter 7-serial interface
  121. 121. ‫ال‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ 8-current limit ‫ا‬‫ء‬ ‫ا‬200%‫ة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬3‫ان‬ 9-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ 2-‫ازى‬quadrant 3-‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬FCC 4-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬F/V 2-‫ازى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬antquadr ‫ف‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬
  122. 122. 3-‫ر‬ ‫ا‬FCC ‫ال‬ ‫د‬micro master, mini ‫ال‬ ‫ر‬stator‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬)‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬(‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ت‬drive‫ال‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬drive‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬drive‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ Sensorless vector control ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬AC‫ل‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ءة‬ ‫آ‬dc -‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬( -‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬150 %‫اى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬quadrant operation–nglesi -‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ -‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ازا‬ ‫ف‬ -‫ا‬ ‫ف‬DC braking -‫ل‬ ‫اد‬ ‫اى‬dc‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ -‫ا‬)‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬(‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ -‫ام‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬dc braking &‫ا‬ ‫و‬combination
  123. 123. quadrant operation4 ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬(braking resistor‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ drive ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬dc link‫داد‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ص‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬drive
  124. 124. ‫م‬IGBT‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫اج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫د‬DC LINK‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬siemens)micromaster junior(drive 6/1‫ن‬)120‫وات‬(‫ا‬2‫ن‬)1500‫وات‬( ‫ا‬ -‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ -parameters -v/f -‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دادات‬ -‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ -‫د‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬150%‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ -‫ال‬profibus
  125. 125. MICROMASTER DRIVE ensMasterdrives siem
  126. 126. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬IP NEMA1 NEMA2 NEMA4 NEMA4X IP20 IP21 IP45 IP56 IP67 ‫ـ‬ ‫ول‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬IPXX‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ل‬:IP36‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬&‫اآ‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬2.5mm
  127. 127. ‫ال‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ا‬MASTERDRIVES MC( motion control) VC (vector control) •)VC(Vector Control ‫ال‬4 quadrant‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬،‫ا‬.‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ل‬25‫م‬ ‫ا‬Tacho،‫أ‬45Tacho‫و‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ *Motion Control)MC( ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬servo‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫أو‬ً‫ا‬ AC–AC AC-DC
  128. 128. ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ RECTIFIER REGENERATIVE FRONT END ‫ا‬
  129. 129. ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ددات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫دة‬Harmonic‫م‬filter‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬active front end
  130. 130. ‫ال‬sin،dt/dv ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬drive‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫د‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬Spikes‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬drive‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬filter dv/dt‫اآ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ال‬300 mt ‫ا‬ ‫و‬sinwave filter
  131. 131. ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬20%
  132. 132. ‫ال‬ ‫آ‬DRIVE ‫ال‬DRIVE‫ة‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬15OP ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬‫ل‬ ‫د‬PARAMETER(PMU) ‫رت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫اف‬ ‫أ‬CU ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬SERIAL INTERFACE ‫ال‬Parameter ‫ل‬‫آ‬ ‫ا‬Ramp.‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬
  133. 133. Electronic box ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬. CUVC:‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬thermostor,encoder, ‫ال‬ ‫آ‬drive
  134. 134. -‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ profibus‫ال‬ ‫ل‬plc -‫ا‬ ‫وت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬input &output ‫ال‬encoders&Tacho ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وت‬ ‫ا‬
  135. 135. Function Blocks&Parameter ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ Parameters 1-‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اء‬function parameter 2-‫اءة‬visualization 3-Bico‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫اء‬ function parameter-1 ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬0‫ا‬100% P462=30 P463=0 ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫اى‬30‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ visualization parameter-2 R002 ‫ا‬ ‫ض‬‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬
  136. 136. function blocks-3 ‫ة‬parameters‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬(PI ) proportional integral ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬PI Function parameters data set&INDEX ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬parameter‫ة‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ان‬‫ت‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬data set ( 1-4) ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬
  137. 137. PI controller ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬drive -‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬‫ال‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ت‬deviation‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬PI -‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬deviation‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ - ‫ال‬ ‫و‬PI‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ال‬overshoot‫و‬oscillationP ‫ا‬I BINECTORS&CONNECTOR Connector‫ال‬ ‫ا‬analog‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬16 bit—32 bit Binectors‫د‬ ‫ء‬digital‫ت‬
  138. 138. Bico parameter ‫ه‬Bienctors,Connectors2function block ‫و‬Bico Parameter‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬destination‫و‬ ‫ا‬softwire‫ال‬blocksfunction ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ Applications ‫ال‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬drive‫رة‬ ‫ا‬،‫م‬ ‫ا‬.‫ا‬
  139. 139. ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬:‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬،‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫م‬:‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬.‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ 3-‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وران‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫اى‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬
  140. 140. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬750, pully 18 “, rpm‫وس‬ ‫ا‬4:1 ‫ال‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬drives‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ Te ‫ا‬
  141. 141. V ‫ا‬ Te -‫ا‬ ‫وزن‬ -‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ -‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ -‫و‬ ‫ا‬,‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬pulley -‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬1.5‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫ال‬ ‫و‬drive‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬Zero ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬drive‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬Ф, Iw , ‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬Drive‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ف‬‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬----<‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬Iw‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬
  142. 142. ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬HP‫ن‬،‫ا‬،‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ب‬HP=‫ا‬ ‫ق‬x)‫زن‬ ‫ا‬xGallons( ‫زن‬ ‫ا‬8.34 ‫داد‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬)hp( Mechanical HP = HP liquid / pump efficiency Electrical HP = Mechanical HP / motor efficiency ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫ا‬ ، ‫م‬ ‫ا‬
  143. 143. ‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ - ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫-ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬ ‫ف‬Drive‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ -‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ف‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫داد‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬HP،‫داد‬ ‫ف‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬N3 -‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬Drive‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫داد‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اوح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬
  144. 144. ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬drive‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬Drive‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬
  145. 145. ‫دس‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دئ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ -1 ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫آ‬،‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬‫و‬ ‫او‬ ‫او‬ ‫و‬ ( ‫ا‬ ‫)ا‬ automatic ‫وى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫(ا‬ manual ) ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫اى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬
  146. 146. ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬)‫د‬ ‫او‬(‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬:‫دا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫او‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ه‬ Normally close ) ‫او‬ ( Normally open ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬) ‫ز‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬. Normally open ( NO ) ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ء‬)‫ا‬ ‫و‬( Normally close ( NC )
  147. 147. ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)(‫و‬ ‫اى‬‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬)( (Switches ) ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ NO ‫ح‬ ‫ل‬ NC ‫ح‬ ‫ل‬
  148. 148. PUSH BUTTONS ‫ا‬ NO push buttons ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ NC push buttons ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬
  149. 149. COILS ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ه‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫م‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ M ‫ا‬ CR ‫ى‬ NO ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ل‬‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ل‬)‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ OVERLOAD RELAY
  150. 150. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ول‬ ‫و‬
  151. 151. LINE DIAGRAM ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ده‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ح‬ PHYSICAL ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬
  152. 152. POWER AND CONTROL ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬
  153. 153. ‫ازى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ازى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬
  154. 154. Overload protection ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫در‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫زاد‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫در‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬) ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬(‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫ور‬ ‫م‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ان‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫زا‬ ‫ر‬( Short circuit ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫وث‬ ‫وث‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬0‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ 24 m ohm ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ Short circuit ‫وث‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬
  155. 155. ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫وف‬ ‫اى‬‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬10 ‫ا‬.‫ف‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬20 ‫او‬ ‫ا‬30‫ف‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬600%‫اى‬6‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬2‫ا‬8‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬
  156. 156. ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫زات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬. ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ Short circuit ‫وث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫درة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫وا‬ Overload relay ‫ب‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ 1-‫ح‬ ‫ا‬‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ 2-‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫وث‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 3-‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫وف‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ذه‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ Trip class ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ Class 10, 20,30 ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬10‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬%600 Class 10 ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬(‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ Class 30 ‫م‬
  157. 157. ‫ال‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬over load relay‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫وث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫س‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬)bimetal overload(
  158. 158. ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ود‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دى‬ ‫او‬ ً‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ Siemens overload SIRIUS 3RU11 ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬)(BIMETAL‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ارى‬ ‫ء‬ ‫دا‬CLASS 10‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ AUTOMATIC RESET‫و‬MANUAL‫ح‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬NO&NC‫ال‬OVERLOAD
  159. 159. ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫در‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫زات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ SIEMENS 3RB12 ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫زات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ READY &GRAND FAULT & OVERLOAD‫ا‬ ‫و‬CLASS 5 & 10 &15 &20 &25 &30 ‫ا‬ ‫و‬AUXALIRY‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬OVERLOAD ‫ال‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬PROFI BUS‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ت‬ PLC
  160. 160. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬manual control ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫او‬ ‫رت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وآ‬‫ل‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫دئ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫دئ‬2‫او‬ ‫ل‬2‫ز‬
  161. 161. ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫آ‬siemens‫ا‬on /off‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬1‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬overload‫ا‬ ‫و‬
  162. 162. ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ز‬drum‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬
  163. 163. ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ز‬5‫ت‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫دئ‬ ‫و‬contactors and starters ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ازا‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬
  164. 164. ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬1-‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬2-‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ 2-‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬
  165. 165. ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫راع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫دى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ء‬ armature )(‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ازا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬(armature )‫م‬ ‫ث‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬
  166. 166. ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دئ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دئ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫آ‬ ‫د‬motor starter ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬.NC‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬OL‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫وث‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬NO‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ض‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬MA ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دئ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬IEC , NEMA ‫ة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫اول‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬SLIP‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫د‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬4‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬60HZ‫ن‬1800‫ن‬ ‫و‬ 2‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬
  167. 167. ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ 1- ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬)‫آ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬( ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬1‫و‬2‫و‬3‫و‬4‫و‬5‫و‬6‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬4‫و‬5‫و‬ 6‫و‬1‫و‬2‫و‬3 2-‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬tab‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ 1-‫رى‬ ‫ا‬)‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ 2-‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 3-‫ا‬ ‫داد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫زات‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬
  168. 168. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬voltage starting–reduced ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬600%‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬.‫و‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬175%‫او‬200%‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬
  169. 169. ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬50%‫ا‬80%‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫آ‬2‫و‬4‫و‬5‫و‬6‫و‬7‫و‬1‫و‬3 2‫و‬5‫و‬6‫و‬7‫و‬1‫و‬3‫و‬4 2-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬1‫و‬2‫و‬3‫و‬4‫و‬5‫و‬6‫و‬1‫و‬2‫و‬3‫و‬4‫و‬5‫و‬6 ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اوح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬
  170. 170. 3-delta–star ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬stator‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬star‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬delta‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬1‫و‬2‫و‬3‫و‬4‫و‬5‫و‬6‫و‬7‫و‬8‫و‬9 ‫ا‬ ‫و‬1‫و‬2‫و‬3‫و‬7‫و‬8‫و‬9‫و‬4‫و‬5‫و‬6 ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬70%‫او‬80%‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬s‫و‬r‫و‬‫آ‬r
  171. 171. ‫رو‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬solid state reduced voltage controller ‫ة‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 100%‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫و‬‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫م‬siemens‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ج‬SOFTSTARTER25HP1000HP
  172. 172. ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬SIKOSTART‫ر‬ ‫ا‬DELTA‫ى‬ ‫و‬57% ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬SIKOSTART‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬DELTA‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬
  173. 173. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ Pilot devices ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬)‫رى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬(‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ Bifurcated contacts ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اداء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ار‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)push buttons( ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫وا‬ ‫و‬ ‫را‬ PUSHBUTTONS)NO( ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬NO‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬
  174. 174. NC PUSH BUTTON ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬NC‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ PUSHBUTTON NO‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ PUSHBUTTON NC‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫اى‬ MA‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ر‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رو‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬‫ح‬ STOP‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وه‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ز‬ ‫وث‬ ‫او‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫دا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫ا‬ OL
  175. 175. ‫رى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬SELECTOR SWITCH ‫ر‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫اى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ 1-2-3–‫ح‬ ‫ع‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬2‫و‬3‫و‬4‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬:‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬)2(‫دا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬PL1, PL2 ‫ع‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬3 – POSITION SELECTOR SWITCH ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬OFF‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ول‬ ‫رى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ 2 POSITION SELECTO SWITCH
  176. 176. ‫ان‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫و‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬OFF ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬PILOT LIGHT ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ح‬ ‫م‬ON OFF‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وث‬ ‫او‬ALARMS‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ CHANGING CONDITIONS‫ا‬ ‫او‬‫ات‬WARNNING‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫زرق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ R‫ا‬G‫ا‬

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