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Parts of Speech
BY: Sania and Mehak
INTRODUCTION
There are eight parts of speech in the english language:
noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition,
conjunction, and interjection. The part of speech indicates
how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatical in
the sentence. An individual word can function as more than
one part of speech when used in different circumstances.
Understanding part of speech is essential for determining
correct definition of the word when using the dictionary.
Parts of speech
noun
A noun is the name of the person, place, thing, or idea. They
are often used with an article (a, an, the) but not always.
Proper noun always start with a capital letter; common noun
do not. Nouns can be singular or plural , concrete or
abstract. Nouns show possession by adding’s. Noun can
function in different roles within a sentence; for example, a
noun can be a subject, direct object, indirect object,
subject complement, or object of a preposition.
Pronoun
A pronoun is a word that is used instead of a noun or noun
phrase. Pronoun refer to either a noun that has already been
mentioned or to a noun that has already been mentioned or to
a noun that does not need to be named specifically.
The most common pronoun are personal pronoun, which refer to
the person or people speaking or writing (first person), the
person or people being spoken to (second person), or other
person or things (third person). Like noun, personal pronoun
can function as either the subject of a verb or the object of
a verb or preposition :
examples
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Parts of Speech (1).pptx

  • 1. Parts of Speech BY: Sania and Mehak
  • 2. INTRODUCTION There are eight parts of speech in the english language: noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. The part of speech indicates how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatical in the sentence. An individual word can function as more than one part of speech when used in different circumstances. Understanding part of speech is essential for determining correct definition of the word when using the dictionary.
  • 4. noun A noun is the name of the person, place, thing, or idea. They are often used with an article (a, an, the) but not always. Proper noun always start with a capital letter; common noun do not. Nouns can be singular or plural , concrete or abstract. Nouns show possession by adding’s. Noun can function in different roles within a sentence; for example, a noun can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, subject complement, or object of a preposition.
  • 5. Pronoun A pronoun is a word that is used instead of a noun or noun phrase. Pronoun refer to either a noun that has already been mentioned or to a noun that has already been mentioned or to a noun that does not need to be named specifically. The most common pronoun are personal pronoun, which refer to the person or people speaking or writing (first person), the person or people being spoken to (second person), or other person or things (third person). Like noun, personal pronoun can function as either the subject of a verb or the object of a verb or preposition :
  • 7. “ she likes him , but he loves her”. Most of the personal pronoun have different subject and object forms :
  • 8. verb Verbs are words that show an action (sing), occurrence (develop, or state of being (exist). Almost every sentence requires a verb is known as its infinitive. The forms call, love, break, and go are all infinitives. Almost all verbs have two other important forms called participles. They are forms that are are used to create several verb tenses (forms that are used to show when an action happened); they can also be used as adjectives.
  • 10. Adverb An adverb is a word that modifies (describes) a verb (“he sings loudly”), an adjective (“very tall”), another adverb (“ended too quickly”), or even a whole sentence (“Fortunately, I had brought an umbrella.”). Adverbs often end in -ly, but some (such as fast) look exactly the same as their adjective counterparts. Adverbs are easy to recognize because they usually end in –ly, but not always.
  • 12. Adjective An adjective is a word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. Adjectives can be used to describe the qualities of someone or something independently or in comparison to something else. We use adjectives to describe nouns. Most adjectives can be used in front of a noun: They have a beautiful house. We saw a very exciting film last night.
  • 14. Preposition preposition is a word or group of words used before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, time, place, location, spatial relationships, or to introduce an object. Some examples of prepositions are words like "in," "at," "on," "of," and "to." Prepositions in English are highly idiomatic. Although there are some rules for usage, much preposition usage is dictated by fixed expressions. In these cases, it is best to memorize the phrase instead of the individual preposition.
  • 16. Conjunction A conjunction is “word that joins words, phrases or sentences, for example and, but or so”, according to the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary. The Collins Dictionary gives a slightly different definition. According to it, a conjunction is “any word or group of words, other than a relative pronoun, that connects words, phrases, or clauses.”
  • 17. Types of conjunction 1.Coordinating conjunctions – used to combine two independent clauses. Examples of coordinating conjunctions are for, and, nor, but, or, yet and so. 2. Subordinating conjunctions – used to combine an independent clause and a dependent clause. Examples of subordinating conjunctions are if, although, though, after, before, because, as if, unless, until, when, while, etc. 3. Correlative conjunctions – used to combine two phrases or parts of the sentence which have equal importance within a sentence. Examples of correlative conjunctions are not only…but also, either…or, neither…nor, whether…or, rather…or, if…then, etc.
  • 19. Interjection An interjection is a word or phrase that is grammatically independent from the words around it, and mainly expresses feeling rather than meaning. Interjections are common in speech and are much more common in electronic messages than in other types of writing.