This is just reminder that there is information about the science.Governments getting involved in Kyoto and Emissions Trading do it on the basis of knowledge – UNFCC. It is not necessarily a vote catcher.
Other speakers will cover this
Implication – if it is important enough for it to happen the government will do something (Ozone hole?)
What are the implications of the decisions made - where do you live – transport options? - where do you work /study - If your only vehicle chugs through 15 litres of fuel for 100 kilometres then you have fewer options. - fun stuff – activities , holidays and travel I consider that I am fortunate enough to work to walk “ the rich can afford to walk” Vehicle purchasers – big fuel guzzling cars are cheap – long term – what is the whole cost .Some things you can’t change – if you don’t more, changes are your friends and family will.
Walking School Buses -
Slowing down before lights so you avoid starting from a standing start. Why do you stop at green lights?
First area is being involvedRequires knowledge of the system Some general pointers, but there are also government web sites:
Getting facts correct about the topic and know the processesNegotiations – e.g. Copenhagen . Aviation and Maritime
Good to be clear on what the different levels so in NZLocal and Regional government have significant power/influence here – (e.g. the RMA)
School buses – Ministey of Education Officials advise on letter responsesMinisters read ministerialsIs it a local issue – remember the role of local MPS
Our role in influencing othersNZ has a role of being an honest party – looks for solutions In GHG issues – has a number of “developing country” characteristics
Scheme design differs from other schemes such as the EU ETS, in the NZ scheme transport and forestry are (or will be) includedparticipating firms must hold (and later surrender to the government) an equivalent number of emission units to match the emissions they are responsible for. Firms can receive emission units for free from the government or buy New Zealand emission units or internationally available emission units in the commercial trading market. A limit on the number of emission units in the market gives the units an economic value. The cost of emission units creates a price signal to incentivise companies and consumers to change their behaviour and reduce emissions.So, as per figure, the system works as shown (talk them through it)
Kathy Perreau (Ministry of Transport) on NZ's transport emissions
Structure<br />Background - Climate Science and things you could do <br />1<br />Why do we not take action, change what we do? <br />2<br />Thinking out of the box <br />3<br />Understanding Government speak <br />4<br />
Regional/ District Council and Central Government <br />MPs and Ministers<br />Government Departments <br />Legislation and Select Committee<br />Emissions Trading Scheme<br />International Negotiations <br />
District: road condition, road space, urban design <br />Regional: public transport, regional transport committees<br /> Auckland City different – “Auckland Transport”<br />Local and Central Government<br />Central Government <br />Legislation (e.g. vehicles, safety, public transport framework)<br />Funding Overview – ie Government Policy Statement<br />KiwiRail<br />
Who has the relevant portfolio? (There may be more than one Minister?)<br />Transport, environment, climate change , education ?<br /> Ministerials<br />Local Issues – local MPs. <br />MPs also have roles in select committees<br />MPs and Ministers<br />
Government Departments <br /><ul><li>Serve the government of the day
Respond to queries (public, business, minister’s office etc)
Manage the processes (eg. Legislation) </li></li></ul><li>Legislation and Select Committees<br />Useful to know the process <br />Times to influence? <br />Role of departments as advisers<br />Resources: <br />www.dpmc.govt.nz (Dept of PM and Cabinet) <br />www.parliament.nz<br />
A reminder that this is a big part of the government’s policy <br />Emissions Trading Scheme<br />
How does emissions trading work in New Zealand?<br />Under the scheme an oil company will need to buy units to cover the emissions that will result when the fuel they sell is used. During the year the oil company sells fuel that, when used, will result in 3 units worth of emissions.<br />The oil company needs to buy 3 units to cover the emissions that it is responsible for.<br />Emissions: <br />Deficit: <br />A forester plants some trees. <br />During the year these trees grow, <br />earning the forester 2 units.<br />The forester can now sell the surplus 2 units.<br />sells 2<br />units<br />Surplus: <br />sells 1 unit<br />An industrial firm is given 4 units by the government to cover some of its emissions. During the year the firm installs a new plant that reduces its emissions to 2 units.<br />As the firm only uses 2 units it can sell the surplus 2 units.<br />Surplus: <br />Units:<br />Emissions: <br />sells 1 unit<br />Global Emission Markets<br />