Closed prison – this one is in Nykoping. It is not the building per se (pretty nice compared to many prisons in Australia for example) but rather the level of security and surveillance
The closed institutions however, are not all the same and have different security classifications. This is Kumla, one of two security grade A prisons (the other one is Hall) where the most serious offenders are. You can’t see that much of it since the corridors and transportation routes are underground to prevent escapes. People in here are all sentenced to at least 4 years imprisonment.
This is the ‘collective room’ where they also have a pantry to make coffee and have a snack, in the living quarters in an closed prison.
And this is an example of a cell – or living quarters as they are called – again in a closed institution. The open prisons looks somewhat different, as you will see shortly – first a look at a dining room.
The dining room in a closed prison -
This is an example of an open prison – looks pretty much like a house or farm in the outskirts of the city – which is basically is. This one is located in Åby, outside Uppsala.
John Pratt compares Scandinavian and NZ prison systems
<ul><li>Prison Contrasts </li></ul><ul><li>by Professor John Pratt </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria University of Wellington </li></ul>
Crime rate per 100,000 total population (indictable/notifiable offences and their equivalents): 1960 - 2006
2007/08 1998/99 Violence 40274 58761 Sexual 3109 3522 Drugs and Anti Social 57255 59895 Dishonesty 284853 220856 Property Damage 38336 54041 Property Abuse 20141 17480 Administrative 11584 12156 Total Offences 455552 426691
1999 Referendum <ul><li>Should there be a reform of our criminal justice system placing greater emphasis on the needs of victims, providing restitution, and compensation for them and imposing minimum sentences and hard labour for all serious offenders? </li></ul><ul><li>Result </li></ul><ul><li>Yes 91.7% </li></ul>