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Australia-The land down under



A slideshow to accompany with some personal research on the unknown part of the continent I use for my students...oral presentation.

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Australia-The land down under

  1. 1. AUSTRALIA<br />THE LAND DOWN <br />U<br />N<br />D<br />E<br />R<br />
  2. 2. - A place 3 times larger than Europe but 30 times less populated. -21 million people inhabiting 7 million squared km…..<br />-Tropical warm waters in the north<br />-South is colder from the flows of the Arctic<br />
  3. 3. -a great variety of everything-rainforests, deserts and wonderful seaside places.-some species have become unique; following its own path , evolving their own way…… Emus, Koalas, Wombats, platypuses, Kangaroos…… <br />
  4. 4. Australia is just a really young country on an ancient soil, a territory which has remained unchanged for ages…. No volcano or earthquake has touched this land for millions and millions of years, so it is not very fertile, either. Weather conditions and erosion have modelled this land the way we see it today, massive monoliths -like Uluru -are shown in this vast territory after erosion has polished their structures.<br />
  5. 5. The oldest living culture is here in this land too. Aboriginal have inhabited this land for over 40,000 years now preserving their traditions and their relation to nature, which is very special….. They are nature themselves, nature is them…they are part of this land, as this land gives life to them, they are their ancestors’ heirs to this land.<br />Art is history. History is art.<br />Music, paintings……….<br />These paintings are supposed to represent maps –to find food or water- and their history passed from generation to generation.<br />
  6. 6. Tjukurpa<br />This is the foundation of Anangu life.: law, culture, heritage, moral systems, spiritual belief, relationship between man and nature, the physical characteristics of the landscape . Tjukurpa is all that represented in their music, dance and painting…<br /><br />
  7. 7. An inhospitable land<br />The population mainly concentrates on the East and Southern coast. <br />Most Australians are urban people today. <br />A harsh environment which has made them been through extreme hardships. They are tough people.<br />
  8. 8. Tough and determined<br />Cattle grazing in the outback<br />They are also funny and competitive. They make a joke of everything.<br />Shearing competitions<br />
  9. 9. Living by and for the sea<br />-Perth- on the left-Cairns , in the North eastern coast, on the<br />right.<br />-4 out of every 5 Australians can get to the beach in less than 30 minutes.<br />-Melbourne and Adelaide here below. <br />
  10. 10. 27,000 kilometres of coastline.<br />
  11. 11. One of the largest biodiversities in the planet.<br />--Great Barrier Reef<br />-over 3600 coral reefs<br />-350 different species <br /> of coral<br />-1600 species of fish live <br /> here (90% of them are <br /> vegetarians)<br />-1/3 of the world’s sharks <br /> live here<br />
  12. 12. Corals spawningAn amazing event<br /><br />
  13. 13. Crocs are reallylarge reptiles; 180 species of snakes are many; spiders are numeroustoo. <br />However, the worst predator is not in forests<br />or water…..but in inner land.<br />
  14. 14. The dingo….<br />This animal has caused such disasters in Australia that a fence was built at the end <br />of the XIXth century. It locks miles and miles of land for the protection of the scarce fertile land and the cattle. It is over 5,500 Km long. (3,600 miles)<br />
  15. 15. The inner land <br />We are now in the centre of the country. <br />As you can see there’s a camel race going on. This happens every year in Alice Springs. It is The Camel Cup.<br />
  16. 16. Alice Springs- in the middle of nowhere<br />
  17. 17. Ellery creek- Alice Springs<br />
  18. 18. Alice Springs <br />In the heart of the country<br />
  19. 19. Deep down south<br />Travelling southwest from Alice Springs , going across the outback we reached an extremely arid area; and in the middle of it……<br />ULURU<br />
  20. 20. Uluru colours <br /> Uluru sunrise<br />
  21. 21. ULURU<br /><br />Uluru colourful sunset<br /><br />
  22. 22. Digging the land, not only for water…<br />Iron and opal have contributed a lot to the welfare of these people. Almost 95% of the world’s production comes from this place.<br />And they dug not only for treasures…… <br />
  23. 23. Coober Pedythe underground home<br />Getting advantage of the holes dug for the search of opals, miners started to make them their homes. <br />Despite being in the outback, Coober Pedy is today another of the most touristic places in Australia due to its original “architecture”……<br />
  24. 24. Coober Pedy<br />
  25. 25. They take the air through tubes and use matches inserted in the ceiling to prevent collapses.Nevertheless, the sand is compact and hard.<br />
  26. 26. Rainfall? What’s that?<br />200 ml of average rainfall a year.<br />2/3 of the country without rivers, creeks……<br />Water reserves and <br /> aquifers running for <br /> hundreds of kilometres <br /> underground. <br />
  27. 27. And any kind of people, to make it all go round……<br />-25% are foreigners<br />-140 different nationalities<br />
  28. 28. The original settlers<br />Aboriginals:<br />-over 2.5% of the population<br />-Average age is 21 years- very much younger than non-indigenous population. A bit of hope for the survival of the community.<br />-Only about 25 % of them live in very remote areas.<br />-The most important tribe are The Anangu.<br />-Their original territory Ananguku<br />
  29. 29. The Anangu culture<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31. Feel like a trip to the didgeridoo land?<br /><br />