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NATIONAL  WILDLAND FIRE SAFTEY      STANDARDS:Developing and Using NFPA 1141           and 1144           Ryan Depew      ...
Wildland Fire Safety Standards• Standardization and Utilization• NFPA 1141 Overview• NFPA 1144 Overview• Brief Overview of...
What are NFPA Standards?• Standard - A document, the main text of  which contains only mandatory provisions  using the wor...
Wildland Fire Safety Standards• NFPA 1141: Standard for Fire Protection  Infrastructure for Land Development in  Wildland,...
NFPA 1141Fire Protection Infrastructure   for Land Development in      Wildland, Rural, and     Suburban Areas, 2012
Utilizing NFPA 1141• Planners, Developers, and Communities  –Means of Access/Egress  –Building Separation  –Fire Protectio...
NFPA 1144Standard for Reducing StructureIgnition Hazards from Wildland           Fire, 2008
Utilizing NFPA 1144• Homeowners/Property Owners  –Structure ignition zone  –Hazard mitigation  –Proper construction  –Fuel...
Firewise Communities/USA®• Recognition Program  Fall 2002• Over 700 Active  Communities in 40  States• $76 Million in Wild...
www.nfpa.org/1141• NFPA 1141: Standard for Fire Protection  Infrastructure for Land Development in  Wildland, Rural, and S...
www.nfpa.org/1141Main Topics• Means of Access• Building Separation• Fire Protection• Water Supply• Community Safety and Em...
www.nfpa.org/1141• Chapter 5 Means of Access  – Number of Access Routes  – Roadway Requirements  – Grades – 10%  – Dead En...
www.nfpa.org/1141
www.nfpa.org/1141• Chapter 6 Building Access and Separation  – Fire Apparatus Access – Proximity to Structure     • 150’ t...
Bastrop County Complex FireSeptember 2011• Over 34,000 Acres  Burned (Approx. 55  sq. miles)• Over 1500 Structures  Lost
Tahitian Village Survey
Bastrop County Complex Fire      Tahitian Village
Bastrop County Complex Fire
Bastrop County Complex Fire
Bastrop County Complex Fire
www.nfpa.org/1141• Chapter 7 Fire Protection  – Sprinkler Systems, Standpipe Systems, Warning    Systems• Chapter 8 Water ...
www.nfpa.org/1141• Chapter 10 Community Safety and Emergency  Preparedness• Assessment of Hazards• Development of Operatio...
www.nfpa.org/1144• NFPA 1144: Standard for Reducing Structure  Ignition Hazards from Wildland Fire, 2008  Edition• Homeown...
Structure Ignition Zone
Reducing Structure Ignition Hazards          from Wildfire                         Building                          Desig...
www.nfpa.org/1144• Chapter 4 Assessing Wildland Fire Hazards in  the Structure Ignition Zone  – From Chimney to Eaves  – F...
Hazard AssessmentSample Checksheets…   Guide Your Review
www.nfpa.org/1144• Chapter 5 Building Design, Location, and  Construction   – General Construction – NFPA 1141   – Locatio...
www.nfpa.org/1144• Roof Design and Materials• Attic Vents and Screening• Overhanging projections  – Balconies, Decks, Pati...
www.nfpa.org/1144• Exterior Vertical Walls  – Ignition Resistant, 20 Minute Rated Assembly• Exterior Openings  – Windows, ...
www.nfpa.org/1144• Chimneys and Flues  – Spark Arresters• Accessory Buildings  – 30 Feet• Exterior Exposure Hazards  – Hea...
Bastrop County Complex Fire:         Cola Vista
Bastrop County Complex Fire                       Fire Spread  Cola Vista Neighborhood
Bastrop County Complex Fire
Bastrop County Complex Fire
Bastrop County Complex FireFire Spread
Bastrop County Complex Fire      Noncombustible Trim                           Metal Roof         Noncombustible Siding
Bastrop County Complex FireMetal Framework           Double-Paned Windows         Noncombustible Decking
Bastrop County Complex Fire:        Cardinal Lane
Bastrop County Complex Fire
www.nfpa.org/1144• Chapter 6 Fuel  Modification AreaThe “3 R’s” of Defensible  Space Landscaping  – Removal  – Reduction  ...
Structure Ignition Zone
www.nfpa.org/1144• Home Ignition Zone 1: The home and its  immediate surroundings, up to approximately  30 feet.  – Low-fl...
www.nfpa.org/1144• Home Ignition Zone 2: 30 to 100 ft from home  – 30 ft between tree clusters; 20 ft between    individua...
www.nfpa.org/1144• Home Ignition Zone 3: 100 to 200 ft from  home  – Remove heavy accumulation of woody debris  – Remove s...
Bastrop County Complex FireN                  >100ft
Bastrop County Complex FireN      >100ft
The NFPA Process• Who Writes the  Standard?• How Does it Work?• How Can YOU  Participate?
NFPA Process:      Who Writes the Standards?NFPA Technical Committees• “Consensus bodies”• Typical maximum size of 30• Ove...
NFPA Process:            NFPA 1141 & NFPA 144• Technical Committee on Forest  and Rural Fire Protection• TC Scope: This Co...
NFPA Process: Five Steps1) Call for Proposals2) Report on Proposals (ROP)3) Report on Comments (ROC)4) Technical Committee...
NFPA Process:                Getting Involved•   Public Proposals•   Public Comments•   Committee Membership•   www.nfpa.o...
NFPA Process:            Upcoming Changes• Re-engineering of the Process• Board of Directors – Approved November  2010• Re...
Wildland Fire Safety Standards• Standardization and Utilization• NFPA 1141 Overview• NFPA 1144 Overview• Brief Overview of...
Wildland Fire Safety Standards• NFPA 1141: Standard for Fire Protection  Infrastructure for Land Development in  Wildland,...
NFPA Standards:           www.nfpa.org/DOC#• NFPA 1142: Standard on Water Supplies for  Suburban and Rural Fire Fighting• ...
Questions
NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144
NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144
NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144
NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144
NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144
NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144
NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144
NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144
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NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144

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NFPA 1141, Standard for Fire Protection Infrastructure for Land Development in Suburban and Rural Areas, and NFPA 1144, Standard for Reducing Structure Ignition Hazards from Wildland Fire, provide the framework for the principles and sciene behind the Firewise program. See how the NFPA standards development process is utilized to incorporate current information into the standards that provide the blueprint for the development of Firewise homes and communities.

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NFPA's Backyards & Beyond Conference - National Wildland Fire Safety Standards: Developing and Using NFPA 1141 & 1144

  1. 1. NATIONAL WILDLAND FIRE SAFTEY STANDARDS:Developing and Using NFPA 1141 and 1144 Ryan Depew NFPA Staff
  2. 2. Wildland Fire Safety Standards• Standardization and Utilization• NFPA 1141 Overview• NFPA 1144 Overview• Brief Overview of Standards Development• How YOU Can Get Involved!
  3. 3. What are NFPA Standards?• Standard - A document, the main text of which contains only mandatory provisions using the word “shall” to indicate requirements and which is in a form generally suitable for mandatory reference by another standard or code or for adoption into law.
  4. 4. Wildland Fire Safety Standards• NFPA 1141: Standard for Fire Protection Infrastructure for Land Development in Wildland, Rural, and Suburban Areas, 2012 Edition• www.nfpa.org/1141• NFPA 1144: Standard for Reducing Structure Ignition Hazards from Wildland Fire, 2008 Edition• www.nfpa.or/144
  5. 5. NFPA 1141Fire Protection Infrastructure for Land Development in Wildland, Rural, and Suburban Areas, 2012
  6. 6. Utilizing NFPA 1141• Planners, Developers, and Communities –Means of Access/Egress –Building Separation –Fire Protection –Water Supply –Community Safety and Emergency Preparedness
  7. 7. NFPA 1144Standard for Reducing StructureIgnition Hazards from Wildland Fire, 2008
  8. 8. Utilizing NFPA 1144• Homeowners/Property Owners –Structure ignition zone –Hazard mitigation –Proper construction –Fuel Modification
  9. 9. Firewise Communities/USA®• Recognition Program Fall 2002• Over 700 Active Communities in 40 States• $76 Million in Wildfire Safety Actions
  10. 10. www.nfpa.org/1141• NFPA 1141: Standard for Fire Protection Infrastructure for Land Development in Wildland, Rural, and Suburban Areas, 2012 Edition• AHJ’s, Planners, Developers, and Communities
  11. 11. www.nfpa.org/1141Main Topics• Means of Access• Building Separation• Fire Protection• Water Supply• Community Safety and Emergency Preparedness
  12. 12. www.nfpa.org/1141• Chapter 5 Means of Access – Number of Access Routes – Roadway Requirements – Grades – 10% – Dead Ends – Turn Arounds – Fire Lanes – Parking Lots
  13. 13. www.nfpa.org/1141
  14. 14. www.nfpa.org/1141• Chapter 6 Building Access and Separation – Fire Apparatus Access – Proximity to Structure • 150’ to all exterior walls, 300’ with NFPA 13, 13R – 30 feet between structures – 30 feet from property line
  15. 15. Bastrop County Complex FireSeptember 2011• Over 34,000 Acres Burned (Approx. 55 sq. miles)• Over 1500 Structures Lost
  16. 16. Tahitian Village Survey
  17. 17. Bastrop County Complex Fire Tahitian Village
  18. 18. Bastrop County Complex Fire
  19. 19. Bastrop County Complex Fire
  20. 20. Bastrop County Complex Fire
  21. 21. www.nfpa.org/1141• Chapter 7 Fire Protection – Sprinkler Systems, Standpipe Systems, Warning Systems• Chapter 8 Water Supply – Municipal systems, Fire Hydrants, Modifications• Chapter 9 Fire Protection During Construction – Jobsite Cleanliness, Extinguishers
  22. 22. www.nfpa.org/1141• Chapter 10 Community Safety and Emergency Preparedness• Assessment of Hazards• Development of Operational Plan – Command & Training – Public Notification & Education – Safety & Evacuation – Mutual Aid Resources
  23. 23. www.nfpa.org/1144• NFPA 1144: Standard for Reducing Structure Ignition Hazards from Wildland Fire, 2008 Edition• Homeowners/Property Owners
  24. 24. Structure Ignition Zone
  25. 25. Reducing Structure Ignition Hazards from Wildfire Building Design Fuel Modification Assessing Hazards
  26. 26. www.nfpa.org/1144• Chapter 4 Assessing Wildland Fire Hazards in the Structure Ignition Zone – From Chimney to Eaves – From Top of Exterior Wall to Foundation – From Foundation to Immediate Landscape – From Immediate Landscape to 200’ – Mitigation Plan
  27. 27. Hazard AssessmentSample Checksheets… Guide Your Review
  28. 28. www.nfpa.org/1144• Chapter 5 Building Design, Location, and Construction – General Construction – NFPA 1141 – Location and Separation – 30 Feet
  29. 29. www.nfpa.org/1144• Roof Design and Materials• Attic Vents and Screening• Overhanging projections – Balconies, Decks, Patio Coverings, Open Roofs – Heavy Timber, Ignition Resistant, etc. – 1 Hour Fire Rated Assembly
  30. 30. www.nfpa.org/1144• Exterior Vertical Walls – Ignition Resistant, 20 Minute Rated Assembly• Exterior Openings – Windows, Doors, Attic Vents, Subfloor Vents – Screened with Noncombustible Wire Mesh – Tempered, Multilayer, Block, 20 Minute Rating – Solid-core, 20 Minute Rating
  31. 31. www.nfpa.org/1144• Chimneys and Flues – Spark Arresters• Accessory Buildings – 30 Feet• Exterior Exposure Hazards – Heat sources – Grills, Outdoor Fireplaces- Spark Arresters – Combustible Materials – 30 Feet
  32. 32. Bastrop County Complex Fire: Cola Vista
  33. 33. Bastrop County Complex Fire Fire Spread Cola Vista Neighborhood
  34. 34. Bastrop County Complex Fire
  35. 35. Bastrop County Complex Fire
  36. 36. Bastrop County Complex FireFire Spread
  37. 37. Bastrop County Complex Fire Noncombustible Trim Metal Roof Noncombustible Siding
  38. 38. Bastrop County Complex FireMetal Framework Double-Paned Windows Noncombustible Decking
  39. 39. Bastrop County Complex Fire: Cardinal Lane
  40. 40. Bastrop County Complex Fire
  41. 41. www.nfpa.org/1144• Chapter 6 Fuel Modification AreaThe “3 R’s” of Defensible Space Landscaping – Removal – Reduction – Replacement
  42. 42. Structure Ignition Zone
  43. 43. www.nfpa.org/1144• Home Ignition Zone 1: The home and its immediate surroundings, up to approximately 30 feet. – Low-flammability plants, landscaping materials, accessories – Prune limbs 10 ft. from ground; generous space between trees – Mow, prune, and water regularly – NO firewood or propane tanks
  44. 44. www.nfpa.org/1144• Home Ignition Zone 2: 30 to 100 ft from home – 30 ft between tree clusters; 20 ft between individual trees – Fuel breaks – Branches and leaves 6 to 10 feet from ground – Remove heavy accumulation of flammable debris
  45. 45. www.nfpa.org/1144• Home Ignition Zone 3: 100 to 200 ft from home – Remove heavy accumulation of woody debris – Remove smaller conifers growing between trees – Reduce density of taller trees
  46. 46. Bastrop County Complex FireN >100ft
  47. 47. Bastrop County Complex FireN >100ft
  48. 48. The NFPA Process• Who Writes the Standard?• How Does it Work?• How Can YOU Participate?
  49. 49. NFPA Process: Who Writes the Standards?NFPA Technical Committees• “Consensus bodies”• Typical maximum size of 30• Overall; ~ 7,000 Volunteers• ~ 225 Technical Committees, balanced by interest categories• ~ 350 Codes & Standards
  50. 50. NFPA Process: NFPA 1141 & NFPA 144• Technical Committee on Forest and Rural Fire Protection• TC Scope: This Committee shall have primary responsibility for documents on fire protection for rural, suburban, forest, grass, brush, and tundra areas. This Committee shall also have primary responsibility for documents on Class A foam and water enhancing gels, and their utilization for all wildland and structural fire fighting. This excludes fixed fire protection systems.
  51. 51. NFPA Process: Five Steps1) Call for Proposals2) Report on Proposals (ROP)3) Report on Comments (ROC)4) Technical Committee Report (TCR) Session of the Annual Meeting5) Standards Council Consideration/Issuance
  52. 52. NFPA Process: Getting Involved• Public Proposals• Public Comments• Committee Membership• www.nfpa.org – Document Information – Proposal and Comment Forms – Application for TC Membership
  53. 53. NFPA Process: Upcoming Changes• Re-engineering of the Process• Board of Directors – Approved November 2010• Regulations Governing the Development of NFPA Standards (Fall 2013 Cycle) – Take Advantage of Technology – Online Submission for Ease of Use – Living Document for TC Work
  54. 54. Wildland Fire Safety Standards• Standardization and Utilization• NFPA 1141 Overview• NFPA 1144 Overview• Brief Overview of Standards Development• How YOU Can Get Involved!
  55. 55. Wildland Fire Safety Standards• NFPA 1141: Standard for Fire Protection Infrastructure for Land Development in Wildland, Rural, and Suburban Areas, 2012 Edition• www.nfpa.org/1141• NFPA 1144: Standard for Reducing Structure Ignition Hazards from Wildland Fire, 2008 Edition• www.nfpa.or/144
  56. 56. NFPA Standards: www.nfpa.org/DOC#• NFPA 1142: Standard on Water Supplies for Suburban and Rural Fire Fighting• NFPA 1143: Standard for Wildland Fire Management• NFPA 1051: Standard for Wildland Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications• NFPA 1977: Standard on Protective Clothing and Equipment for Wildland Fire Fighting• NFPA 1984: Standard on Respirators for Wildland Fire Fighting Operations
  57. 57. Questions

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