Bonsai Basics


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Bonsai Basics

  1. 1. Bonsai Basics Presented by Matt Harhager from The Bonsai Den
  2. 2. What is a Bonsai? <ul><li>Bonsai Video </li></ul><ul><li>Bonsai </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bon – Tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sai - Pot </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Topics <ul><li>Styles </li></ul><ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tropical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evergreen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deciduous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Choosing a pot </li></ul><ul><li>Potting </li></ul><ul><li>Soil </li></ul><ul><li>Wiring </li></ul><ul><li>Watering </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bonsai Styles <ul><li>Formal Upright </li></ul><ul><li>Informal Upright </li></ul><ul><li>Broom </li></ul><ul><li>Slanting </li></ul><ul><li>Semi Cascade </li></ul><ul><li>Cascade </li></ul><ul><li>Clump </li></ul><ul><li>Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Literati </li></ul><ul><li>Root over rock </li></ul>
  5. 5. Formal Upright <ul><li>The trunk is ramrod straight and evenly tapered. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Informal Upright <ul><li>Gently curving trunk. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Broom <ul><li>The most tree like style. </li></ul><ul><li>Branches fanning out from the top of a straight trunk. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Slanting <ul><li>The whole trunk leans at a definite angle. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Semi Cascade <ul><li>The lowest branch dips below the rim of the pot. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cascade <ul><li>Tree foliage must fall below the base of the pot. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Clump <ul><li>All the trunks are connected at the soil level </li></ul>
  12. 12. Forest
  13. 13. Literati / Bunjin
  14. 14. Root over rock <ul><li>A style of river bank or rocky slope origin. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Windswept <ul><li>One of the hardest styles to create successfully. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Root on rock <ul><li>The rock becomes the pot. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Types - Tropical <ul><li>Should be brought indoors when nighttime temperatures fall below 50 degrees F. </li></ul><ul><li>Place under good lighting. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Types – Evergreen, Deciduous <ul><li>Need to be protected in the winter. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep in a greenhouse or garage. </li></ul><ul><li>Never bring them indoors for the winter. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Soil <ul><li>Should hold water but have good drainage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Haydite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Silica Sand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charcoal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orchid Bark </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Never allow the soil to become compacted </li></ul>
  20. 20. Preparing the tree <ul><li>Remove the tree from it’s nursery container or other pot </li></ul><ul><li>Untangle the roots </li></ul><ul><li>Loosen the roots </li></ul><ul><li>Remove any long roots </li></ul><ul><li>The goal is fine feeder roots, these do all the work. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Preparing the pot <ul><li>Secure screen over the drainage holes using wire </li></ul><ul><li>Put wire through the pot, to be used to secure the tree </li></ul><ul><li>Add soil, making a small mound in the center of the pot </li></ul>
  22. 22. Potting the tree <ul><li>Twist the tree and move it around to get all air pockets from under the tree out </li></ul><ul><li>Wire the tree to the pot </li></ul><ul><li>Fill up with soil </li></ul><ul><li>Use chopsticks to seat the soil around the roots </li></ul>
  23. 23. Types of Pots
  24. 24. Some pot guidelines <ul><li>Slender trunks and group plantings look best in shallow pots. Thick trunks need deeper pots. </li></ul><ul><li>Graceful trees look best in oval or soft cornered pots </li></ul><ul><li>Trees with gnarled trunks look best in rectangle pots </li></ul><ul><li>Wide spreading trees go good with pots that have a lip </li></ul><ul><li>Tall slender trees, use a simple round pot </li></ul><ul><li>The pot should be slightly narrower than the tree spread. </li></ul><ul><li>Trees with delicate foliage look good in pastel glazes. </li></ul><ul><li>Dark leaved trees can use a darker color pot. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Tools and Techniques for styling <ul><li>Wiring </li></ul><ul><li>Pinching </li></ul><ul><li>Trimming </li></ul><ul><li>Bud removal </li></ul><ul><li>Clip and grow </li></ul>
  26. 26. Wiring Techniques <ul><li>Wiring should be applied at a 45 degree angle. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the wire is anchored properly. </li></ul><ul><li>Use one wire to do two branches. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove wire before it starts to bite into the bark of the tree. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Lighting <ul><li>To much shade and the leaves will grow large and internodes will increase. </li></ul><ul><li>Too much sun and the leaf tips will turn brown and die off. </li></ul><ul><li>Every plant has different lighting requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>See bonsai tree care @ for more info. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Watering <ul><li>Use a very fine spray, don’t blast the tree with the end of the garden hose. </li></ul><ul><li>If the soil is damp about an inch down, then it’s time to water. </li></ul><ul><li>The soil should never be allowed to dry out completely </li></ul><ul><li>Rainwater is best </li></ul>
  29. 29. Fertilizer <ul><li>Fertilizer cakes are the best way to fertilize your bonsai. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a good balanced fertilizer at half strength every other week. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Pest and disease control <ul><li>Use neem oil or sevin at half strength </li></ul><ul><li>Common pests and diseases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beetles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aphids </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Contact Info <ul><li>East Canton Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 330 445-9206 </li></ul><ul><li>Internet: </li></ul>
  32. 32. Now we will do some work on a Green Island Ficus Repot Wire Trim Thank You Questions