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Social status


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Social status

  1. 1. Social Statusduring<br /> Spanish Colonization<br />
  2. 2. Principalia- nobility class was the social and educated class in the towns of colonial Philippines composed of the Gobernadorcillo (Town Mayor), or the Cabeza de Barangay (Chief of the Barangay) who governed the districts and the awardees of the medal of Civil Merit.<br /><ul><li>Exempted from forced labor during the colonial period
  3. 3. Were allowed to vote, be elected to public office and be addressed by the title: Don or Doña
  4. 4. Given certain roles in the Church, such as assisting the priest in pastoral and religious activities</li></li></ul><li>Costume of a family belonging to Principalía during the 19th century. <br />
  5. 5. Ilustrados- (Spanish for "erudite," "learned," or "enlightened ones"). constituted the Filipino educated class during the Spanish colonial period in the late 19th century<br />They were the middle class who were educated in Spanish and exposed to Spanish liberal and European nationalist ideals.<br />
  6. 6. Composed of native-born intellectuals and cut across ethnolinguistic and racial lines<br />1. Indios - person of pure Austronesian (Malay/Malayo Polynesian) ancestry (natives)<br />
  7. 7. 2. Insulares - Spaniards born in Philippines who took important positions <br />in the Spanish government in the Philippines.<br />
  8. 8. 3. Mestizos - Filipinos of mixed indigenous Filipino <br />(Austronesian people/Malay/Malayo-Polynesian), <br />or European or Chinese ancestry.<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. 4. Peninsulares, Spaniards who are born in Spain <br />and took roles in the Philippines<br />
  11. 11. The Chinese natives made up the lower half of the social pyramid<br />Chinese expulsions were also carried out against the Chinese in 1755 and 1766, because of Spanish suspicion, but they were repealed in 1788 when the Spanish recognized the contributions the Chinese could make to the Philippine economy. <br />
  12. 12. Many of the Chinese who arrived during the Spanish period were Cantonese, who worked as labourers, but there were also Fujianese, who entered the retail trade. The Chinese resident in the islands were encouraged to intermarry with Filipinos, convert to Roman Catholicism and adopt Hispanic names, surnames and customs.<br />
  13. 13. Social Transformation<br />Adoption of Hispanic Names<br /><ul><li>Based on compiled names of saints, indigenous and Chinese patronymics, flora and fauna, geographical names, and the arts
  14. 14. Filipinos were obligated to adopt surnames like Rizal, Del Pilar or Luna althugh some ndigenous surnames like Mabini, Malantic, Dandan and Paganiban, were retained
  15. 15. Catagalogoalfabetico de apellidos contained some derogatory names like “Utut”, “Ung-goy”, and even “Casillas”</li></li></ul><li>Houses<br />bahaynabato with a wide azotea (batalan in original), retaining the banguerahan and providing an aljibe or a well for water – supply<br />
  16. 16. Foreign Cuisines<br />Spanish indigenized dishes like adobo, menudo, sarciado, puchero or mechado and the Chinise – derived noodle preparations Filipinized into pancitmalabon and pancitluglog<br />
  17. 17. Change in Dressing<br /><ul><li>kangganand bahag to barong tagalog or camisachino
  18. 18. putongto hats.
  19. 19. Shoes and slippers as part of men’s fashion
  20. 20. Baroand saya for women developed into mestizadress
  21. 21. Jewelryand ornaments, gold and tortoise peineta, earrings of different sizes and shapes</li></li></ul><li>Conversion of the Filipinos<br /><ul><li>Fiestas honoring the saints
  22. 22. Fiestas during Holy Week, on Corpus Christi, and the feast day of the patron saint
  23. 23. Pomp and pageantry of the religious processions
  24. 24. Exotic Hispanic dances and music
  25. 25. Religious dramas of the sinakulo and the komedya or moro – moro
  26. 26. Cofadiasand sodalities of the Filipino laymen and laywomen honoring the Virgin Mary</li></li></ul><li>References:<br /><br /><br /><br />