Research Tutorial

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Research Tutorial for Art 109A Arts Since 1945

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Research Tutorial

  1. 1. Research Tutorial Professor Melissa Hall Fall 2013
  2. 2. Course Objectives • Conduct research on a contemporary artist, and situate their work in the context of post- 1945 art practices
  3. 3. Research Sources • Internet • Books • Periodicals
  4. 4. Search Engines • Search engines are used to locate information on the internet
  5. 5. Keyword Search • Begin your search by choosing a “keyword”
  6. 6. Keyword: Jackson Pollock
  7. 7. Search term is too broad
  8. 8. • Narrow your search by using more specific keyword terms  Jackson Pollock and Existentialism  Jackson Pollock and Action Painting  Jackson Pollock andHarold Rosenberg  Jackson Pollock andClement Greenberg
  9. 9. Limit your search to images using Google’s image feature
  10. 10. Click on Search Tools and select “Large” for high resolution images
  11. 11. Evaluating Web Resources • Much of the information available on the internet is not reliable • You must therefore evaluate your resources to determine their validity
  12. 12. Criteria WCC Librarians recommend 5 simple criteria: 1. Authority 2. Accuracy 3. Coverage 4. Objectivity 5. Currency
  13. 13. Authority Authority: • Is the author or sponsor a reliable source?
  14. 14. Authority • Since anybody can post on the internet you must be sure that your source is credible
  15. 15. Authority • This is why Wikipedia is not considered a reliable resource
  16. 16. Authority • But Wikipedia can be a great jumping off point!
  17. 17. Authority • But Wikipedia can be a great jumping off point!
  18. 18. Authority • Wikipedia is an Encyclopedia • It is a research “tool” not a research “source”
  19. 19. Authority • Look for sites sponsored by recognized institutions and experts in the field
  20. 20. Authority • Beware of sites that appear to be authored by experts
  21. 21. Authority • The authors are not always experts on the topic
  22. 22. Authority • Art Story contributors all have MAs -- not PhDs!
  23. 23. Authority • Domain names can help you identify credible sources at a glance
  24. 24. Authority • Museums and libraries are identified by the “.org” tag in their URL
  25. 25. Authority • Museum sites are an excellent source of “vetted” information
  26. 26. Authority • Artcyclopedia provides links to museum object pages
  27. 27. Authority • Artcyclopedia provides links to museum object pages
  28. 28. Authority • Also links to articles and multimedia
  29. 29. Authority • Commercial sites are identified by the “.com” domain name:http://www.jacksonpollock .com/ • Beware of .com sites!
  30. 30. Authority • If the site is trying to sell you something, it can not be considered “reliable”
  31. 31. Authority • Be wary of distracting advertising!
  32. 32. Authority • Be wary of blogs!
  33. 33. Coverage • Coverage refers to the quality and depth of content • If the site repeats the familiar old clichés about Jackson Pollock, it is not worth using!
  34. 34. Accuracy • Are there mistakes in facts, spelling, or the use of vocabulary?
  35. 35. Objectivity • Is the information presented objectively, or does it promote an opinion or point of view?
  36. 36. Objectivity • Much art criticism is opinion, rather than scholarly research
  37. 37. Currency • Currency refers to whether information is current or up to date • Greenberg and Rosenberg are “historical artifacts,” not current “authorities
  38. 38. Citation Format • Citing internet sources is a pain in the neck -- but everybody has to do it! • Otherwise, you will be guilty of plagiarism!
  39. 39. Citation Format Required information includes:  Author or agency  Title of article  Site name or original source  Date created and publisher  Date of access  URL
  40. 40. Citation Format Required information includes:  Author or agency  Title of article  Site name or original source  Date created and publisher  Date of access  URL Melissa Hall, “Jackson Pollock,” Art Since 1945, Westchester Community College (October 7, 2013) http://medumpa.wordpress.com/lectures/we ek-3/jackson-pollock-1912-1956/
  41. 41. Citation Format • There are now “citation machines” available on the web that will do the formatting for you http://citationmachine.net/
  42. 42. Citation Format • If you can’t find the information you need then you might want to question the reliability of your site http://citationmachine.net/
  43. 43. Citation Format • Many museum sites now offer information about how to cite their pages
  44. 44. Books
  45. 45. Periodicals • Know the difference between popular magazines and scholarly journals http://www.library.vanderbilt.edu/peabody/tutorial_files/scholarlyfree/index.html
  46. 46. Periodicals • Scholarly = peer reviewed http://www.library.vanderbilt.edu/peabody/tutorial_files/scholarlyfree/index.html
  47. 47. Periodicals • Magazine = glossy pictures and advertisements • General audience • Exhibition reviews • News on market trends and conservation
  48. 48. Periodicals • Scholarly journals – no advertising; longer articles; more “serious” appearance
  49. 49. Periodicals • Lots of footnotes!
  50. 50. Use library database to locate periodicals
  51. 51. Modify search
  52. 52. Summary
  53. 53. WTF???!!! If you can’t understand the abstract, skip it
  54. 54. Page Scan
  55. 55. PDF
  56. 56. PDF
  57. 57. Journals to Look for Art Bulletin Art Journal Art in America Art History Oxford Art Journal
  58. 58. Journals to Avoid October
  59. 59. Journals to Avoid Art News
  60. 60. Can be Good New Yorker New York Times Artnet
  61. 61. Art Critics Roberta Smith Michael Kimmelman Holland Carter Michael Brenson Jerry Saltz Peter Schjeldahl Deborah Solomon
  62. 62. Links Check out links on course website (mostly criticism; reviews)
  63. 63. Help The library provides abundant resources
  64. 64. Tutorials
  65. 65. Tutorials
  66. 66. Help

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