History of Photography by Marisa Haitsma

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Presentation for my Artist and New Media class.

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History of Photography by Marisa Haitsma

  1. 1. History ofPhotographyMarisa Haitsma
  2. 2. Photos (light) +Graphein (to draw) = “Photography”
  3. 3. First cameras: “Camera obscuras”Originally used for drawing and entertaining.Projects an image of its surroundings on a screen.
  4. 4. 1727: Johann HeinrichSchulze discovered thatsilver nitrate darkenedwhen exposed to light bymixing chalk, nitric acid,and silver in a flask.
  5. 5. 1814: Joseph NicéphoreNiépce combines the cameraobscura with photosensitivepaper to create the firstpicture ever. Eight hourexposure and eventually,faded.
  6. 6. 1826: Joseph Nicéphore Niépce combines the camera obscura with photosensitivepaper to create the first permanent picture.
  7. 7. 1834: Henry Fox Talbotinvented the first negativefrom which multiplepositive prints could bemade.
  8. 8. 1837: Louis Daguerre’s first “daguerreotype”.Did not fade and needed less than 30 minutes for light exposure.
  9. 9. 1841: Talbot invented the“calotype” process,which means “beautifulpicture” in Greek, byusing a silver saltsolution.
  10. 10. 1851: Frederick ScottArcher invented the“Collodion” processwhich only requires twoto three seconds of lightexposure.
  11. 11. 1856: Hamilton Smith patented “tintypes”,which used a thin sheet of iron as a base for thelight sensitive material. Three million made by mid 1800’s.
  12. 12. 1871: Richard LeachMaddox, an Englishdoctor, invented thegelatin dry plate silverbromide process. Nolonger did negatives haveto be developed rightaway.
  13. 13. 1880: George Eastmanfounded Eastman DryPlate Company inRochester, New York. Firsthalf-tone photographappears in a dailynewspaper, the New YorkGraphic.
  14. 14. 1888: Eastmanpatents firstKodak roll-filmcamera.
  15. 15. 1889: Eastman invented film with a flexible base that could be rolled.
  16. 16. 1900: First mass-marketed camera – the Brownie.
  17. 17. 1914: Oskar Barnackdeveloped the first 35mm (“candid”) film camera.
  18. 18. 1917: Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō Kabushikigaisha, which will eventually become “Nikon Corporation”, is established in Tokyo.
  19. 19. 1932: First light meter with photoelectric cell introduced.
  20. 20. 1948: Edwin Land invented the Polaroid camera.
  21. 21. 1960: EG&G comes up with an extreme depth underwater camera for U.S. Navy.
  22. 22. 1963: First color instant film developed by Polaroid.
  23. 23. 1968: Photo of the year: the Earth.
  24. 24. 1978: Konica introduces first point-and-shoot, autofocus camera.
  25. 25. 1978: Sonyintroduces the firstconsumercamcorder. Before,it was used onlycommercially.
  26. 26. 1985: Minolta markets the worlds first autofocus SLR system (called "Maxxum" in the US)
  27. 27. 1990: A favorite! Adobe Photoshop is released.
  28. 28. 1999: Nikon D1SLR, 2.74megapixels for salefor $6000, firstDSLR designed by aleadingmanufacturer.
  29. 29. 2000: Camera phoneintroduced in Japan bySharp/J-phone.
  30. 30. 2004: Kodak ceasesproduction of filmcameras. The filmera decreasesrapidly.
  31. 31. Today: Open accessand no constraints!Look how far we’vecome and whoknows what thefuture will hold!

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