Urinary Tract Infections


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Additional knowledge about UTI. The causes, sign and symptoms, treatments, and some preventive methods.

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Urinary Tract Infections

  1. 1. URINARY TRACT The urinary tract is the body’s filtering system for removal of liquid wastes Women are especially susceptible to bacteria which may invade the urinary tract and multiply resulting in infection
  2. 2. WHAT CAUSES URINARYTRACT INFECTIONS? The most common cause of UTI are bacteria from the bowel that live on the skin near the rectum or in vagina which can spread and enter the UT through the urethra. Once these bacteria enter the urethra they travel upwards causing infection in the bladder and sometimes other parts of UT.
  3. 3. Another cause of UTI is waiting too long to urinate. The bladder is a muscle that stretches to hold urine and contracts when the urine is released.Waiting very long past the time you first feel the need to urinate causes the bladder to stretch beyond its capacity which overtime can weaken the bladder muscle.
  4. 4. Sexual intercourse is a common cause of UTI because the female anatomy can make women more prone to UTI. During sexual intercourse bacteria in the vaginal area is sometimes massaged into the urethra by the motion of the penis.
  5. 5. What are the Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infections? The UTI symptoms and signs may vary according to age, sex, and location of the infection in the tract. Some individuals will have no symptoms or mild symptoms and may clear the infection in about two to five days. Many people will not spontaneously clear the infection; one of the most frequent symptoms and signs experienced by most patients is a frequent urge to urinate, accompanied by pain or burning on urination. The urine often appears cloudy and occasionally dark, if blood is present. The urine may develop an unpleasant odor.
  6. 6. Women often have lower abdominal discomfort or feel bloated and experience sensations like their bladder is full. Women may also complain of a vaginal discharge, especially if their urethra is infected, or if they have an STD. Men may complain of dysuria, frequency, and urgency, other symptoms may include rectal, testicular, penile, or abdominal pain. Men with a urethral infection, especially if it is caused by an STD, may have a pus-like drip or discharge from their penis. Toddlers and children with UTIs often show blood in the urine, abdominal pain, fever, and vomiting along with pain and urgency with urination.
  7. 7. Location of the infection in the urinary tract usually results in certain symptoms. Urethral infections usually have dysuria (pain or discomfort when urinating). STD infections may cause a pus-like fluid to drain or drip from the urethra. Cystitis (bladder infection) symptoms include suprapubic pain, usually without fever and flank pain. Ureter and kidney infections often have flank pain and fever as symptoms.These symptoms and signs are not highly specific, but they do help the physician determine where the UTI may be located.
  8. 8. What is theTreatment for Urinary Tract Infections? •Antibiotics are the usual treatment for bladder infections and other urinary tract infections. Seven to ten days of antibiotics is usually required although some infections may require only a single dose of antibiotics.
  9. 9. •It's important that all antibiotics are taken as prescribed. Antibiotics should not be discontinued before the full course of antibiotic treatment is complete. Symptoms may disappear soon after beginning antibiotic treatment. However, if antibiotics are quit early the infection may still be present and recur. Another urine test may be ordered about a week after completing treatment to be sure the infection is cured
  10. 10. Tips for Preventing UrinaryTract Infections The most important tip to prevent urinary tract infections, bladder infections, and kidney infections is to practice good personal hygiene. Always wipe from front to back after a bowel movement or urination, and wash the skin around and between the rectum and vagina daily.  Washing before and after sexual intercourse may also decrease a woman's risk of UTI. Drinking plenty of fluids (water) each day will help flush bacterium out of the urinary system and emptying the bladder as soon as the urge to urinate occurs may also help to decrease the risk of bladder infection or UTI. Some physicians recommend urinating before and after sex as well as a mean of flushing out any bacteria that may enter the urethra during sexual intercourse.
  11. 11. Vitamin C makes the urine acidic and helps to reduce the number of potentially harmful bacteria in the urinary tract system. Wear only panties with a cotton crotch--cotton allows moisture to escape whereas other materials may trap moisture and create a potential breeding ground for bacteria. Cranberry juice often helps to reduce frequency of bladder infections. Cranberry supplements are available over-the-counter and many women find they work amazingly quickly when an UTI has occurred, however, a physician's diagnosis is still necessary even if cranberry juice or herbals reduce pain or symptoms. If you experience frequent urinary tract infections changing sexual positions that cause less friction on the urethra may help.
  12. 12. Things to Remember •Although urinary tract infections are common and distinctly painful they are usually easy to treat once properly diagnosed and only last a few days. When treated promptly and properly urinary tract infections are rarely serious