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Credit where credit is due: acknowledging all types of contributions

This is an update for COASP (http://oaspa.org/conference/) on the representation of attribution beyond authorship of a publication. Publications are proxies for the projects and people that area actually engaged in the work, and represent the dissemination aspect. How can we better understand the individual contributions and their impact? The openRIF, openVIVO and FORCE11 Attribution WG efforts aim to represent scholarship in a computationally tractable manner so as to enable credit and evaluation of all types of scholarly contributions.

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Credit where credit is due: acknowledging all types of contributions

  1. 1. @ontowonka Credit where credit is due: acknowledging all types of contributions COASP 2016 Melissa Haendel
  2. 2. What *IS* “success”?
  3. 3. https://goo.gl/b60moX It’s not always what you see
  4. 4. What is attribution???
  5. 5. Over 1000 authors
  6. 6. Project CRediT http://go.nature.com/2cZWkPb
  7. 7. Many contributions don’t lead to authorship NIH BD2K co-authorship D.Eichmann N.Vasilevsky > 20% key personnel are not profiled using publications
  8. 8. Some contributions are anonymous Data deposition Image credit: http://disruptiveviews.com/is-your-data-anonymous-or-just-encrypted/ Anonymous review
  9. 9. Image by Julie McMurry 2012 An ecosystem of contributions Awards Awards Awards Employs Employs Creates Creates Uses Describedin Containedin Recognizes productof Creates Authors R01 AI144578 InstitutionX InstitutionY R21 AI045678 ResearcherA ResearcherB ResearcherC Ab256 Protocol 245 Mouse567 GeneID 987654 Instrument 123 PMID 45678 Plasmid 84756 $ $ Uses
  10. 10. Who helped solve the STIM1 UDP_2542 case?
  11. 11. Credit extends beyond the publication  Johannes creates stim1 mouse  Melissa curates patient data for UDP_2542  Will performs analysis of UDP_2542 data that includes stim1 mouse to generate a dataset of prioritized variants  Tom writes publication pmid:25577287 about the STIM1 diagnosis  Tom explicitly credits Will as an author but not Melissa.
  12. 12. Dan Katz
  13. 13. Who contributed? Melissa Haendel Peter Robinson Chris Mungall Sebastian Kohler Cindy Smith Nicole Vasilevsky Sandra Dolken Johannes Grosse Attila Braun David Varga-Szabo Niklas Beyersdorf Boris Schneider Lutz Zeitlmann Petra Hanke Patricia Schropp Silke Mühlstedt Carolin Zorn Michael Huber Carolin Schmittwolf Wolfgang Jagla Philipp Yu Thomas Kerkau Harald Schulze Michael Nehls Bernhard Nieswandt Thomas Markello Dong Chen Justin Y. Kwan Iren Horkayne-Szakaly Alan Morrison Olga Simakova Irina Maric Jay Lozier Andrew R. Cullinane Tatjana Kilo Lynn Meister Kourosh Pakzad Sanjay Chainani Roxanne Fischer Camilo Toro James G. White David Adams Cornelius Boerkoel William A. Gahl Cynthia J. Tifft Meral Gunay-Aygun Melissa Haendel David Adams David Draper Bailey Gallinger Joie Davis Nicole Vasilevsky Heather Trang Rena Godfrey Gretchen Golas Catherine Groden Michele Nehrebecky Ariane Soldatos Elise Valkanas, Colleen Wahl Lynne Wolfe Elizabeth Lee Amanda Links Will Bone Murat Sincan Damian Smedley Jules Jacobson Nicole Washington Elise Flynn Sebastian Kohler Orion Buske Marta Girdea Michael Brudno Jeremy Band Hans Goeble Karen Balbach Nadine Pfeifer Sandra Werner Christian Linden Clinical/care Pathology Ontologist CS/informatics Curator Basic research
  14. 14. Contribution and Attribution in the Context of the Scholar workshop – Force 2015, Oxford, January 2015 Measuring success through improved attribution VIVO 2015, Austin, August 2015 OpenRIF: semantic infrastructure for the scholarly research landscape, Portland, April 2016 Project CRediT workshop, Washington DC, December 2014 The evolution of credit NISO Alternative Metrics Initiative: Outputs in Scholarly Communications, May 2016
  15. 15. EXAMPLE OUTPUTS related to software: Outputs: binary redistribution package (installer), algorithm, data analytic software tool, analysis scripts, data cleaning, APIs, codebook (for content analysis), source code, software to make metadata for libraries archives and museums, data analytic software tool, source code, program codes (for modeling), commentary in code(thinking of open source-need to attribute code authors and commentator/enhancers/hackers, who can document what they did and why), computer language (a syntax to describe a set of operations or activities), software patch (set of changes to code to fix bugs, add features, etc.), digital workflow (automated sequence of programs, steps to an outcome), software library (non-stand alone code that can be incorporated into something larger), software application (computer code that accomplishes something) Roles: catalog, design, develop, test, hacker, bug finder, software developer, software engineer, developer, programmer, system administrator, execute, document, software package maintainer, project manager, database administrator Workshop results: >500 scholarly products
  16. 16. Introducing open Research Information Framework (openRIF) and the Contribution Ontology Interoperable standard for representing people and organizations within the research ecosystem Ontology A http://bit.ly/ ConnectedResearchersDavid Eichmann Contribution Ontology
  17. 17. Acknowledgements MARIJANE WHITE, KRISTI HOLMES, DAVID EICHMANN, KAREN E. GUTZMAN, STACY KONKIEL, MATTHEW BRUSH, VIOLETA ILIK, MIKE CONLON, AMY BRAND, DAN KATZ, LIZ ALLEN, FIGSHARE, FORCE11 ATTRIBUTION WORKING GROUP, CASRAI, OPENVIVO, SCIENCV, DIGITAL SCIENCE, OPENRIF DEVELOPMENT TEAM Join the Force Attribution Working Group at: https://www.force11.org/group/attributionwg Join the openRIF listserv at: http://group.openrif.org

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This is an update for COASP (http://oaspa.org/conference/) on the representation of attribution beyond authorship of a publication. Publications are proxies for the projects and people that area actually engaged in the work, and represent the dissemination aspect. How can we better understand the individual contributions and their impact? The openRIF, openVIVO and FORCE11 Attribution WG efforts aim to represent scholarship in a computationally tractable manner so as to enable credit and evaluation of all types of scholarly contributions.

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