Campania is a region situated in the south of Italy. Naples is the capital of the province and the main cities are Avellino, Salerno, Benevento and Caserta.
Campania is rimarkable for its ideal geographical position, for the variety of its riliefs, for its powerful natural phenomena, for its high density of population and for its archeological treasure.
On the coast there are three large gulfs Naples, Salerno and Policastro) The coast is low and sandy in the north and…
… rugged in the south and in the isles. Famous for their beauty and historical sites are the vulcanic isles of Ischia, Procida and the calcareous isle of Capri
The main rivers of the Region like the Garigliano, the Volturno, the Sele, the Sarno, the Tusciano are quite regular because they are fed directly by sources and therefore they never dry up
The Ofanto and the Fortore, are torrential and irregular because they are fed by rainy water.
Campania is mainly mountinuous and with gently sloping hills, but the plains are quite extended. The Appennine is made up of calcareous mountains. They are extraordinary for their height,they are pervious,rich in underground waters, springs and karst caves. They are poor in vegetation, but in the areas covered with erupted materials, cultivation thriving.
The hills are clayey and arenaceous. They are waterproof, crumbling and there are few springs.. The hills in the inside areas are covered with cultivations and pastures, the ones in the coastal areas with mediterranean vegetation and olive groves
Campania was called Campania Felix (which means happy Campania) for many centuries. It owes its ancient fame to the fertility of its territory mainly due to the spreading of erupted materials.
The Campanian plain has been formed by ejecta coming from the nearby volcanic areas and by the clays which exogenous agents have cut from the mountains around the plain. These phenomena started one million years ago with the activity of dormant or buried volcanos. Campi Flegrei and Somma-Vesuvius, instead, are formed from a more recent volcanic activity.