Improved techniques, methods; cutting-edge technologies, more efficient systems of production; enhanced service delivery resulting to the general improvement in well-being of societies.
POVERTY IN TERMS of LIMITED ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE, INFORMATION; ACCESS TO GOODS AND SERVICES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR HUMAN CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT. SOUTHEAST ASIA INEQUALITY: (Gini coefficients of SEA countries: .34 – .44) -- Gini Coefficient: 0 representing perfect equality and 1 representing maximum inequality. Gini coefficients of SEA -- Singapore: 42.5; Philippines: 44; Vietnam: 34.4; Malaysia: 37.9; Indonesia: 34.3 (Source: Securing the Present, Sharing the Future: World Bank East Asia and Pacific Economic Update 2011)
Begs the question: INNOVATION FOR WHAT? FOR WHOM? The innovation trajectory of countries tend to exclude the poor and the social challenges they face as targets for innovation Filipino farmers have a poverty incidence of 40 percent and fishers 50 percent. This, despite the fact that the agriculture and fishery sectors contribute nearly 20 percent to the country’s GDP, according to the DA.
INNOVATION FOR WHAT? FOR WHOM?
This is a research field that has been attracting the attention of a growing number of innovation and development scholars in the last decade
Drivers of innovation expands to include the poor and vulnerable.
Project anchored on the concept of innovation at the BoP, over the years has evolved from the market concept of the BoP as consumers to the more developmental concept of the BoP as active partners in the innovation process.
Through a Small Grants Program, iBoP Asia Countries: CAMBODIA, INDONESIA, the PHILIPPINES, SINGAPORE, THAILAND, VIETNAM Actors: NGOs, HEIs, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, PRIVATE ENTERPRISES
Overview of research partners
PROACTIVE: Community influences priorities in the project, resource use and service provision
PROACTIVE: Community influences priorities in the project, resource use and service provision
INTERACTIVE: Community engages in joint analysis, development of action plans and empowerment of local groups. Community and project implementer decide on how resources will be used.
COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION -- Community participates by taking initiatives to improve the system. Community takes role in networking for resources and technical advice that they need, retains control over resources.
COMMUNICATION is key in this process.
Catalyzing Innovation for All, By All: Innovation for Inclusive Development
Catalyzing innovation for all, by allInnovation for Inclusive DevelopmentGrace SantosProgram Manager, UNIID-SEAAteneo School of GovernmentDelivered to students of COM104: Designing Media that Matters
Innovation and Development New or improved ways of thinking or doing things in a place where or byInnovation people for whom they have not been used before. New ideas, perspectives, technologies, and meaningful social arrangements and relationships.
Innovation and Development Integral to innovation is the successful combination/ integration of technical devices and practices (hardware), knowledge and modes of thinking (software) and social institutions and forms of organization (orgware). -- Smits, 2000; Aarts and Leeuwis, 2011
Innovation and DevelopmentEvident advancement of societies
Innovation and DevelopmentTHE REAL SCORE: Emerging Economies, Rising Inequality More than a billion people still living in multi-dimensional poverty. In SEA, Gini coefficients of SEA countries range from .34 – .44.
INNOVATION FOR WHOM? FOR WHAT KIND OF DEVELOPMENT? A 2011 report from Oxfam International-Philippines identified Filipino fishermen and farmers as the poorest sectors of Philippine society. “The great paradox is that they are surrounded by the means to produce food, and yet they are the most vulnerable to hunger.”
In reality, there is aDISCONNECTION betweenINNOVATION and DEVELOPMENT • Social justice, equity and human rights are not deeply embedded in innovation systems and processes. • Development equated with economic, industrial growth; human development only secondary.
Shift to Innovation 2.0Innovation from Below “Bottom of the Pyramid Innovation” (Prahalad, 2002) “Below-the-Radar Innovation” (Kaplinski, 2010) “Grassroots Innovation” (Gupta, 2003) “Social Technologies” (Fressoli, Smith et.al, 2011) In essence, pertains to innovation that harnesses and builds on local and indigenous knowledge, skills and resources, and actively engages non-traditional innovators -- indigenous communities, poor and vulnerable sectors, marginalized groups.
A new perspective:Innovation for Inclusive Development (IID) “innovation that reduces poverty and enables as many groups of people, especially the poor and vulnerable, to participate in decision-making, to create and actualize opportunities, and to share the benefits of development.” Solution Community Open & seeking Creative Centered Engaging
A new perspective:Innovation for Inclusive Development (IID) IID provides opportunities not onlyto overcome physical, social, financial, and technical barriers but also to foster transformation in systems and institutions, and ultimately, improvement in the quality of life of all.
Inclusive model GOVERNMENT of innovationUNIVERSITY INDUSTRY / FIRM CIVIL SOCIETY, POOR & VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES
Illustrative Cases• Regional initiative supported by IDRC from 2008-2011.• Documented and assessed the potential of S&T-based innovation as a means to effectively address socio-economic needs of those at the BoP in SEA.• Illustrated various levels of engagement with those at the BoP.
Illustrative Cases26Projects / / 6 Countries 5 Intermediary Actors
INTERMEDIARY-PARTNERS 2008-2010WATER & SANITATION ENERGY A Single Drop for Safe Water Action for Economic Reforms (Philippines) (Philippines) SETARA/NTFP Indonesia Aqueous Solutions Don Bosco Technical College (Indonesia) (Thailand) (Philippines) TRICOM, Inc. WARECOD EcoAgri Foundation, Inc. (Philippines) (Vietnam) (Philippines) Gadjah Mada University (Indonesia) University of Indonesia (Indonesia) Live & Learn (Cambodia) WAND Foundation CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION (Philippines) Institute of Policy and Strategy For Agriculture and Rural Development (Vietnam)HEALTH MicroVentures, Inc Kahublagan Sang Panimalay (Philippines) (Philippines) Philippine Rice Research University of Padjadjaran Institute (Indonesia) (Philippines)
INTERMEDIARY-PARTNERS 2008-2010ICT & BUSINESS AGRICULTURE & FOOD Computer Professionals Union (Philippines)(Singapore) Philippine Rice Research Institute Institut Teknologi Bandung (Philippines) (Indonesia) Sub-Plant Protection Department An Giang Province (Vietnam) Philippine Business for Social Progress (Philippines) VIETNET-ICT and Communication Center (Vietnam) WorldFish Centre (Philippine Office)
Illustrative CasesISDA.MOBI: Mobile phone interface for small-scale fishersWorldFish Centre, PHILIPPINES• Prototyping and pilot-testing of a mobile phone interface that enables fisherfolk and the Bantay Dagat in the Verde Island Passage, Batangas to contribute information to the FishBase database of the WorldFish Centre.• Level of community engagement: Proactive
Illustrative CasesSnT IN A BOXComputer Professionals’ Union, PHILIPPINES• Development of a free and open-source software teaching aid (www.opensciencebox.org) for basic science and math teachers in public schools.• Level of community engagement: Interactive
Illustrative CasesECOLIFE VILLAGE CAFEVietnet-ICT and Centre for Marinelife Conservation and CommunityDevelopment, VIETNAM• Designing and setting up a community enterprise and informationcenter that promotes eco-tourism and resiliency to climate change.• Level of community engagement: Community Mobilization
Illustrative CasesWASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM for FLOATING COMMUNITIESLive & Learn Environmental Education, CAMBODIA• Prototyping and pilot-testing of a floating waste management barge in Tonle Sap that enables reuse of human waste into organic fertilizer.• Level of community engagement: Community Mobilization
Key InsightsImportance of community engagement Facilitating deep dialogue Building shared commitment Capability development Management of risks
Key InsightsCritical role of innovation intermediaries Enabling active engagement ofgrassroots communities,informal/excluded groups in innovationand development initiatives and processes. Connecting them to recognizedinstitutions, systems and markets to gainaccess to technologies, services andresources that address their specific needs.
Key InsightsPolicy as catalystPolicies (institutional, national, regional) that willenable open innovation, sectoral collaboration,and empowerment at the grassroots.
Key InsightsIN A NUTSHELL:Community Engagement + Intermediaries + Supporting Policyare the pillars that support IID, and are key to ensuring theappropriateness, accessibility, scalability andsustainability of such innovation efforts.
What we are doing now A follow-up program that will run 2012-2014 that aims to:UNIVERSITIES IID Advocacy, RESEARCH COUNCILS • Teaching Capability- and • Setting R&D agenda • Research Partnership- • Grant-making • Extension building • Policy development UNIID-SEA’s work with universities is primarily focused on IID RESEARCH and FIELD-BUILDING.
What we are doing now Current work with universities RESEARCH & CURRICULUM CONVENING Development of Research studies, Undergraduate and talks, conferences Graduate Courses/and workshops on IID FACILITATE DISCUSSION, Programs on IID SHARING, COLLABORATIVE LEARNING of IID Open COURSEWARE Development of an IID knowledge sharing hub
What we are doing now: University PartnersAteneo School of GovernmentDevelopment Studies Program International Relations OfficeDepartment of Information Systems and Computer ScienceAteneo Innovation Center School of Architecture, PlanningGraduate Program on Technopreneurship and Policy Developmentand Innovation Management Department of Science and Technology Studies
Visit our website: www.uniid-sea.net Like us on Facebook: www.facebook.com/UNIIDSEA Follow us on Twitter: @UNIID_SEAView our YouTube Channel: http://www.youtube.com/UNIIDSEA Contact us: Ateneo School of Government Ateneo de Manila University Loyola Heights, Quezon City, PHILIPPINES Trunklines: +632 426 6001 local 4639 or 4646 Telefax: +632 929 70 35 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com