SOUTHASIA IN THE
ANCIENT PERIOD:
• You are about to see the trailer of this film.
• It is a famous film from India.
• Be able to describe the Indian cultur...
• How would you describe the Indian

culture based on the trailer of the film
“The Life of Pi”?

Colorful reliefs of Hindu...
•

In Canada, a writer visits the Indian storyteller Pi Patel and asks him to tell his life story. Pi
tells the story of h...
• Some people used "Sa Prathama Sanskrati
Vishvavara" — the first and the supreme culture
in the world to describe the Ind...
• The national languages are Hindi and
English.

• There are about 22 official languages and
nearly 400 living languages s...
• India is identified as the birthplace of Hinduism and
Buddhism.

• 84% of the population practice Hindu. There are many
...
• Indian cuisine boasts Arab, Turkish and
European influences.

• It is known for its large assortment of dishes
and its l...
• Indian clothing is closely identified with the colorful

http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-clothing/gifs/sherwani.jpg

si...
• You are about to see a short video clip

about the early Indus Valley civilizations
– Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.

• Be ab...
• What is the significance of the Mohenjodaro and Harappa for India?
• It is an archaeological site in the province
•
•
•
•

of Sindh, Pakistan.
It was built around 2600 BCE.
It was once one ...
• It is an archaeological site in Punjab,
eastern Pakistan, about 24 km (15 mi)
west of Sahiwal.

• The site takes its nam...
• These were the most developed and advanced
cities in South Asia during its peak.

• The cities showed the astonishing sk...
Copy the figures below using “screen shot”. Fill in the required answers using your ebook at Lesson#14.
TURNING
POINTS
DUR...
• They were the first group of people to
settle in India during the Paleolithic
period.

• They may have been from the Aus...
• It happened from 1500 to 900 B.C.E.
• It was derived from the word Vedas meaning “knowledge.”
• Vedas are texts of hymns...
• It happened upon the establishment of Indo-

Aryans’ settlements in the valley of the Ganges
River.

• At this period, t...
Shiva as a householder with wife
Parvati as depicted in an 1820
Rajput painting.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiva

• It...
• Development of Sanskrit language.
• Use of Rig-Veda or Songs of Wisdom
• Epic poems Mahabharata and
Ramayana
http://yoga...
• Chandragupta became its first king.
• He founded the Mauryan Empire.
• He unified India into one state.
http://en.wikipe...
• Asoka, the grandson of

Chandragupta, took over as emperor
upon the death of his grand father.

• He was the greatest ru...
• Kanishka became its most powerful
king.

• He ordered the construction of
beautiful buildings and stimulated
the study o...
• Maharaja Sri Gupta founded the
Gupta Empire.

• India reached its “Golden Age”.
• Among the other great rulers were
Chan...
• Babur established the Mogul Empire
in 1526.

• Akbar became the king of all
northern India.

• He placed value on religi...
• Read the story of Mahayana.
• Create a synopsis or summary of the story on 1
whole sheet of paper.

• Point out the vari...
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INDIA-ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS

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Ancient civilizations in India such as the Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa and the various empires that existed in the country.

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INDIA-ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS

  1. 1. SOUTHASIA IN THE ANCIENT PERIOD:
  2. 2. • You are about to see the trailer of this film. • It is a famous film from India. • Be able to describe the Indian culture upon watching the trailer.
  3. 3. • How would you describe the Indian culture based on the trailer of the film “The Life of Pi”? Colorful reliefs of Hindu gods adorn a temple at Meenakshi, India Credit: jaume | Shutterstock
  4. 4. • In Canada, a writer visits the Indian storyteller Pi Patel and asks him to tell his life story. Pi tells the story of his childhood in Pondicherry, India, and the origin of his nickname. One day, his father, a zoo owner, explains that the municipality is no longer supporting the zoo and he has hence decided to move to Canada, where the animals the family owns would also be sold. They board on a Japanese cargo ship with the animals and out of the blue, there is a storm, followed by a shipwrecking. Pi survives in a lifeboat with a zebra, an orangutan, a hyena and a male Bengal tiger nicknamed Richard Parker. They are adrift in the Pacific Ocean, with aggressive hyena and Rickard Parker getting hungry. Pi needs to find a way to survive. - Written by Claudio Carvalho, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0454876/plotsummary http://mashcultu.re/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/life-of-pi-cover.jpeg
  5. 5. • Some people used "Sa Prathama Sanskrati Vishvavara" — the first and the supreme culture in the world to describe the Indian culture. • India is a very diverse country. • Each region has its own unique culture. Colorful reliefs of Hindu gods adorn a temple at Meenakshi, India Credit: jaume | Shutterstock http://www.livescience.com/28634-indian-culture.html
  6. 6. • The national languages are Hindi and English. • There are about 22 official languages and nearly 400 living languages spoken in various parts of the country. • Most of the languages of India belong to two families, Aryan and Dravidian. http://www.usefoundation.org/userdata/image/india1.gif http://www.livescience.com/28634-indian-culture.html
  7. 7. • India is identified as the birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism. • 84% of the population practice Hindu. There are many variations of Hinduism, and four predominant sects are Shaiva, Vaishnava, Shakteya and Smarta. • 31% of Indians are Muslim, making it one of the largest Islamic nations in the world. http://religion.indianetzone.com/images/home_11.jpg • Christians and Sikhs make up a small percentage of the population, and there are even fewer Buddhists and Jains. http://www.livescience.com/28634-indian-culture.html
  8. 8. • Indian cuisine boasts Arab, Turkish and European influences. • It is known for its large assortment of dishes and its liberal use of herbs and spices. • Cooking styles vary from region to region. http://www.goodlifer.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/ghee_recipes.jpg
  9. 9. • Indian clothing is closely identified with the colorful http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-clothing/gifs/sherwani.jpg silk saris worn by many of the country’s women. • The traditional clothing for men is the dhoti, an unstitched piece of cloth about 5 yards long that is tied around the waist and legs. • Men also wear a kurta, a loose shirt that is worn about knee-length. • For special occasions, men wear a sherwani, which is a long coat that is buttoned up to the collar and down to the knees. http://www.adpost.com/classifieds/upload/uk/clothing_ accessories/uk_clothing_accessories.10296.1.jpg http://www.livescience.com/28634-indian-culture.html
  10. 10. • You are about to see a short video clip about the early Indus Valley civilizations – Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. • Be able to describe the culture of ancient India based on this.
  11. 11. • What is the significance of the Mohenjodaro and Harappa for India?
  12. 12. • It is an archaeological site in the province • • • • of Sindh, Pakistan. It was built around 2600 BCE. It was once one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley civilization, and one of the world's earliest major urban settlement. Mohenjo-daro was abandoned in the 19th century BCE, and was not rediscovered until 1922. Significant excavation has since been conducted at the site of the city, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohenjo-daro
  13. 13. • It is an archaeological site in Punjab, eastern Pakistan, about 24 km (15 mi) west of Sahiwal. • The site takes its name from a modern village located near the former course of the Ravi River. A large well and bathing platforms are remains of Harappa's final phase of occupation from 2200 to 1900 BC. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harappa
  14. 14. • These were the most developed and advanced cities in South Asia during its peak. • The cities showed the astonishing skills of its people in planning and engineering. • Its public buildings suggested a high degree of social organization. • These civilizations introduced the first urban sanitation system to the world. http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080224083920AA9lh1r https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=importance+of+mohenjodaro+and+harappa&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=2WUNU9CvG6GuiAfA3YGIDQ&ved=0C AcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1440&bih=775#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=h5hBuCZAZzmGWM%253A %3BeG--8iSyS66ogM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Findebo.com%252Fblog%252Fwp-content %252Fuploads%252F2013%252F02%252Fgatewa10.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Findebo.com %252Fblog%252Fnorthern-india%252Fthe-lost-city-of-harappa%252F%3B610%3B392
  15. 15. Copy the figures below using “screen shot”. Fill in the required answers using your ebook at Lesson#14. TURNING POINTS DURING THE INDOARYANS’ RULE TURNING POINTS DURING THE MAURYAN EMPIRE RULE TURNING POINTS DURING THE KUSHAN RULE TURNING POINTS DURING THE GUPTA EMPIRE RULE TURNING POINTS DURING THE MOGUL EMPIRE RULE
  16. 16. • They were the first group of people to settle in India during the Paleolithic period. • They may have been from the Australoid group. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Aryan_peoples http://www.google.com.ph/imgres?imgurl=&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.kidspast.com %2Fworld-history%2F0104-aryanlife.php&h=0&w=0&sz=1&tbnid=8L8mEYqhUl4PUM&tbnh=228&tbnw=221&zoom=1&do cid=Ndpa76ikqZRvBM&ei=fWwNU8WDBKnpiAf674HwAw&ved=0CAIQsCUoAA
  17. 17. • It happened from 1500 to 900 B.C.E. • It was derived from the word Vedas meaning “knowledge.” • Vedas are texts of hymns of praise that are transmitted orally. • The Indo-Aryans at this period drove the Dravidians toward the south. • Most of them became farmers and learned how to live in settled communities. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Aryan_peoples http://www.google.com.ph/imgres?imgurl=&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.slideshare.net %2FRushikeshTambat%2Fancient-indian-learning-system-gurukulsystem&h=0&w=0&sz=1&tbnid=4lTBnYVFST_usM&tbnh=194&tbnw=259&zoom=1&docid =QEgRSNPOXtDdHM&ei=wGwNU-6aCcfOiAfz9IGADQ&ved=0CAIQsCUoAA
  18. 18. • It happened upon the establishment of Indo- Aryans’ settlements in the valley of the Ganges River. • At this period, the accounts about the way of life of the people came from epics. • Example of epic is Mahabharata. It is the story of the great battle between two noble families. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Aryan_peoples http://api.ning.com/files/X4bEVYFKrG0*hBFTyi5WPtp2*FDvwc1zu69tHwFhgJfQP2ek3nR 4kM*VXOXpGsNnpjRsn3qw1SBYj8O3yGGpCf8XeggYCwFX
  19. 19. Shiva as a householder with wife Parvati as depicted in an 1820 Rajput painting. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiva • It was considered as a succession of Vedic religion. • It is the oldest religion in the world. Vishnu • It is the dominant religion of Indian subcontinent. Shakti • It focus more on “daily morality” such as karma, dharma, and societal norms. • Its main deities are Brahman (The Creator), Vishnu (The Preserver) , Shiva (The Destroyer) and Shakti(divine feminine creative power). Brahma
  20. 20. • Development of Sanskrit language. • Use of Rig-Veda or Songs of Wisdom • Epic poems Mahabharata and Ramayana http://yogauniversity108.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/31306-sanskrit-alphabet.gif
  21. 21. • Chandragupta became its first king. • He founded the Mauryan Empire. • He unified India into one state. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandragupta_Maurya http://yogauniversity108.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/31306-sanskrit-alphabet.gif
  22. 22. • Asoka, the grandson of Chandragupta, took over as emperor upon the death of his grand father. • He was the greatest ruler of India. • He adopted Buddhism. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashoka_the_Great http://yogauniversity108.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/31306-sanskrit-alphabet.gif
  23. 23. • Kanishka became its most powerful king. • He ordered the construction of beautiful buildings and stimulated the study of medicine. • He proposed the use of Mahayana Buddhism. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashoka_the_Great http://www.google.com.ph/imgres? imgurl=http://www.kushan.org/pictures/kanishka.jpg&imgrefurl=ht tp://www.kushan.org/essays/chronology/kanishka.htm&h=275&w= 160&sz=1&tbnid=kEcQO6dy6MHOzM:&tbnh=186&tbnw=108&z oom=1&usg=__bmp2Ez_H01QRqnaSd14t8nyRYo=&docid=rtD_zhAtMk9yfM&itg=1&sa=X&ei=ALUOU_P aE_GTiQfNvYHgDg&sqi=2&ved=0CIUBEPwdMAo
  24. 24. • Maharaja Sri Gupta founded the Gupta Empire. • India reached its “Golden Age”. • Among the other great rulers were Chandra Gupta I, Samudra Gupta the Great, and Chandra Gupta II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gupta_Empire https://www.google.com.ph/search? q=GUPTA+EMPIRE&biw=800&bih=475&source= lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=zbUOU__NDImUiQfs moHYDQ&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ#q=maharaja+sri +gupta&tbm=isch&facrc=_&imgdii=Zu8Y1zFTtXn 7EM%3A%3B3KMZaapi_xKRuM %3BZu8Y1zFTtXn7EM %3A&imgrc=Zu8Y1zFTtXn7EM%253A %3BQaPWO13Fb9WkiM%3Bhttp%253A%252F %252Fwww.ensyklopedia.com%252Fwp-content %252Fuploads %252F2011%252F11%252FChandragupta-I-319-AD335-AD.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F %252Fwww.ensyklopedia.com%252Fchandragupta-imaharajadhiraja-chandra-gupta-1-first-prominentking-of-gupta-empire-319-ad-335-ad%252F %3B570%3B674
  25. 25. • Babur established the Mogul Empire in 1526. • Akbar became the king of all northern India. • He placed value on religious tolerance and improve the administration of justice. http://www.warchat.org/pictures/first_battle_of_panipat_emperor_babur.jpg
  26. 26. • Read the story of Mahayana. • Create a synopsis or summary of the story on 1 whole sheet of paper. • Point out the various ways on how the Indian culture is implied in the story. • Open this link to view the summary of Ramayana: http://www.mythome.org/RamaSummary.html http://www.exoticindiaart.com/books/adhyatma_ramayana_sa nskrit_text_with_transliteration_ihf022.jpg

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