4. Rock and the Rock Cycle Notes

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4. Rock and the Rock Cycle Notes

  1. 1. Rocks & the Rock Cycle<br />
  2. 2. Formed when magma, or molten rock cools and hardens<br />Igneous<br />
  3. 3. Formed as a result of tremendous pressure, extreme heat, and chemical processes<br />Metamorphic<br />
  4. 4. Erosion breaks down all types of rocks into small fragments which form deposits which are compressed and cemented together<br />Sedimentary<br />
  5. 5. The series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one type to another, is destroyed, and forms again by geologic processes<br />Rock Cycle<br />
  6. 6. Igneous rocks can be identified by the size of crystals that are present as a result of the cooling process of melted minerals<br />A. Coarse Grained – large minerals suggest a slower cooling process<br />B. Fine Grained – small grains, unseen by the eye suggest a quicker cooling process<br />C. Glassy – when magma with very little gases in it cools very quickly<br />D. Vesicular – when magma with a lot of gases cools very quickly<br />Igneous Rocks<br />
  7. 7. Coarse vs. Fine Grain<br />Granite<br />Basalt<br />
  8. 8. Glassy vs. Vesicular<br />Obsidian<br />Scoria<br />
  9. 9. The formation of crystals during the cooling process<br />Crystallization<br />
  10. 10. Loose fragments of rock, minerals, and organic material that result from natural processes, including the physical breakdown of rock<br />Sediment<br />
  11. 11. The physical processes of breakdown of rock into sediment by natural conditions such as rain, wind, etc.<br />Weather & Erosion<br />
  12. 12. The settling of sediment into layers as weathering and erosion ends<br />Deposition<br />
  13. 13. Process in which the volume and porosity of a sediment is decreased by the weight of overlying layers of sediment<br />Compaction<br />
  14. 14. Process in which minerals precipitate spaces between sediments and bind them together to form rocks<br />Cementation<br />
  15. 15. The resultant bonding that can be seen in rock faces of various types of sedimentary rocks<br />Stratification<br />
  16. 16. The process in which one type of rock changes into metamorphic rock because of chemical processes or changes into metamorphic rock because of chemical processes or change in temperature and pressure<br />Can be due to just contact with magma or due to large scale change in temperature and pressure over a large area<br />Metamorphism<br />
  17. 17. The metamorphic rock texture in which grains are arranged in planes or bands<br />Foliation<br />

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