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Art of composition

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Tips on how to take better photographs.

Published in: Design, Art & Photos, Technology
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Art of composition

  1. 2. What is Composition? <ul><li>Composition is the way in which all the elements within an image relate to each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Placement </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of Field </li></ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul><ul><li>Viewpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Content Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul>
  2. 3. Composition - Subject Placement <ul><li>Rule of Thirds is placing the main area of interest a third of the way from the edge. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Composition – Subject Placement <ul><li>This avoids the “Bulls Eye” effect of placing everything in the centre – boring picture. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Composition – Subject Placement <ul><li>And creates a more dynamic and interesting picture. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Depth of Field <ul><li>Depth of Field is the area of a photograph that is in focus and acceptably sharp. </li></ul><ul><li>It is determined by the aperture setting. </li></ul>A small aperture e.g. f32 will give a larger depth of field and keep everything in focus. A large aperture e.g. f4 will give a narrower depth of field, throwing the background out of focus and isolating your subject.
  6. 7. Depth of Field <ul><li>Small apertures – greater depth of field is often used for landscape photography… </li></ul><ul><li>… where you often want everything sharp. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Depth of Field <ul><li>Large apertures – narrower depth of field is often used for portraiture, you can focus on your subject. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Composition - Framing <ul><li>Can use foreground materials to frame a person, e.g. Door ways, windows, arches etc. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Composition - Viewpoint <ul><li>Varying the viewpoint is an easy way to improve composition. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Composition - Viewpoint <ul><li>Just crouching down, or moving to the left or right can make a huge difference. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Composition - Viewpoint <ul><li>“ If your pictures are not good enough... </li></ul>
  12. 13. Composition - Viewpoint <ul><li>“ ...it means you are not close enough.” </li></ul>
  13. 14. Composition – Content Selection <ul><li>Every element you include in your composition should lead the viewers eye to the subject. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Composition – Orientation <ul><li>It’s easier to hold a camera horizontally... </li></ul>
  15. 16. Composition – Orientation <ul><li>...but also consider vertical framing. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Composition – Orientation <ul><li>Traditional portrait format </li></ul>
  17. 18. Composition – Orientation <ul><li>Consider vertical framing for portraits. </li></ul>

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