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Nouns explanation


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Nouns explanation

  1. 1. A noun is the word that refers to a person, thing or abstract idea. A noun can tell you who or what. There are several different types of noun:- There are common nouns such as dog, car, chair etc. Nouns that refer to things which can be counted (can be singular or plural) are countable nouns. A book, two books, three books ..... An apple, two apples, three apples Nouns that refer to some groups of countable nouns, substances, feelings and types of activity (can only be singular) are uncountable nouns.Water / Work / Information / Coffee / Sand /
  2. 2. Nouns that refer to a group of people or things are collective nouns. Tables, chairs, cupboards etc. are grouped under the collective noun furniture Nouns that refer to people, organisations or places are proper nouns, only proper nouns are capitalised. Nouns that are made up of two or more words are called compound nouns. The words tooth and paste are each nouns in their own right, but if you join them together they form a new word - toothpaste. Nouns that are formed from a verb by adding -ing are called gerunds A gerund (often known as an -ing word) is a noun formed from a verb by adding -ing. It can follow a preposition, adjective and most often another verb. Walking in healthy to people.
  3. 3. Proper nouns ( also called proper names) are the words which name specific people, organisations or places.They always start with a capital letter. Each part of a person's name is a proper noun:- Lynne Hand - Elizabeth Helen Ruth Jones ... The names of companies, organisations or trade marks:- Microsoft - Rolls Royce - the RoundTable -WWW Given or pet names of animals:- LassieTrigger Sam The names of cities and countries and words derived from those proper nouns:- Paris - London - NewYork - England - English
  4. 4. Geographical and Celestial Names:- the Red Sea - Alpha Centauri - Mars Monuments, buildings, meeting rooms:- TheTaj Mahal -The EiffelTower - Room 222 Historical events, documents, laws, and periods:- the Civil War - the Industrial Revolution -World War I Months, days of the week, holidays:- Monday - Christmas - December Religions, deities, scriptures:- God - Christ - Jehovah - Christianity - Judaism - Islam - the Bible - the Koran - theTorah Awards, vehicles, vehicle models and names, brand names:- the Nobel Peace Prize - the Scout Movement - Ford Focus - the Bismarck - Kleenex - Hoover
  5. 5. The noun is uncountable: if a/an is not normally used in front of it. Example: He is eating some rice. (NOT: He is eating a rice.) Rice is treated as not countable, so 'some' (which can be used for both countable and uncountable nouns) is used with it. if the word 'much' can be correctly used with it. Example: How much rice have you eaten? (NOT: How many rice have you eaten?) if it is not possible to be counted. However, we can make it countable by having a quantity for it. Example: I have just bought two cartons or litres/liters of milk. (NOT: I have just bought two milk.) if it takes only a singular form. Countable Noun Uncountable Noun a, an, a few, several, many, a little, much, some, plenty of, some, plenty of, a lot of, a lot of, a large amount of, a large number of a great deal of.
  6. 6. COUNT NOUNS You can use a lot of and no with plural countable nouns. No computers were bought last week. A lot of computers were reported broken the week before. You only use many and few with plural countable nouns. So many elephants have been hunted that they are an endangered species. There are few elephants in England. You can use some and any with countable nouns. Some dogs can be dangerous. I don't use any computers at work NOT COUNT NOUNS You only use much and little with uncountable nouns. I don't usually drink much coffee. Little wine is undrinkable though. You can use some and any with uncountable nouns. I usually drink some wine with my meal. I don't usually drink any water with my wine. You can use a lot of and no with uncountable nouns. A lot of wine is drunk in France. No wine is drunk in Iran.
  7. 7. Uncounta ble Sugar Jewellery Cheese Wine Furniture Money Uncounta ble Question How much sugar is there? How much jewellery is there? How much cheese is there? How much wine is there? How much furniture is there? How much money is there? Answer There's a lot of sugar. There's some jewellery. There's a lot of cheese. There's some wine. There's some furniture. There's a lot of money.
  8. 8. Add a word bowl piece round bottle piece bag Make it Counta ble A bowl of sugar. A piece of jeweller y. A round of cheese. A bottle of wine. A piece of furnitur e. A bag of money. Counta ble Questio n How many bowls of sugar are there? How many pieces of jeweller y are there? How many rounds of cheese are there? How many bottles of wine are there? How many pieces of furnitur e are there? How many bags of money are there? Answer There's one bowl of sugar. There are two pieces of jeweller y. There are three rounds of cheese. There's only one bottle of wine. There are two pieces of furnitur e. There are four bags of money.