Critical Thinking• What is means to think critically• Why it matters (now and in the future) • How skills in this area can be developed
What does it meanto think critically?• Critical thinkers question the world around them and know the difference between opinion and fact.• They consider opposing viewpoints and the basis of them.• They make decisions supported by evidence and not assumptions.• Critical thinkers are not simply persuaded by short term benefits but consider long term outcomes.• Critical thinkers reason and analyze before deciding.
Uses of criticalthinking• Critical thinking informs reading, writing, speaking and listening• Critical thinking uncovers bias and prejudice• Critical thinking reveals non- sense (crap detector!), half- truths and deception• Critical thinking leads to better decisionsAcquiring this skill is one of themajor goals of educationBeing educated means being acritical thinker!
Critical thinking is…CompleteDeliberateInformed of both sidesBalancedNot formed by one doctrine,ideology or viewpointFree
How do youbecome a criticalthinker?Steps:1. Why am I considering this issue?2. What are the various points of view?3. How well is each viewpoint supported?4. Can I combine various POV’s and create a new one?
Attitudes ofcritical thinkers• Truth seeking• Open minded• Analytical• Systematic• Self-confident• Inquisitive• Mature
Critical thinking leaves youopen to new ideas This is the number one reason employers like critical thinkers! Critical thinkers are idea people…non-critical thinkers are stuck. Brainstormers Open to serendipity Change their minds often—refine ideas! Analyze data to come up with new thoughts/intereptations
Barriers to CriticalThinking• Jumping to conclusions• Personal attacks• Appeals to authority• False causation• Scorched earth/all or nothing thinking• Emotional appeals• Straw dogs• Tradition• Slippery slope• Red herrings