Canadian Copyright Reform in Context

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Michael Geist copyright presentation to the Parliamentary IP Caucus in May 2008.

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Canadian Copyright Reform in Context

  1. 1. Canadian Copyright Reform in Context michael geist canada research chair in internet and e-commerce law university of ottawa, faculty of law
  2. 2. Context Content
  3. 3. Context Six Points
  4. 4. i. The Importance of Copyright
  5. 5. No [innovation/investment/ creativity/new business models] without copyright reform
  6. 6. Innovation/Investment
  7. 7. Venture Capital Tax Government Funding (C-10) Talent Communications Networks
  8. 8. Creativity
  9. 9. Business Models
  10. 10. music
  11. 11. music
  12. 12. music
  13. 13. music
  14. 14. music
  15. 15. music
  16. 16. music
  17. 17. ii. Consultations and Reforms
  18. 18. Lengthy consultation, Limited action
  19. 19. Limited consultation, Considerable action
  20. 20. Last consultation: 2001
  21. 21. 10% of Canadians were not even born
  22. 22. 1987 - Phase One - first round of reform with new rights (moral rights, secondary infringement) 1992 - Treaty Reform - rental rights 1997 - Phase Two - private copying, statutory damages 2002 - Internet retransmission 2007 - Anti-camcording legislation
  23. 23. iii. Canada in the World
  24. 24. “antiquated, outdated, weak, ineffective…”
  25. 25. USTR special 301
  26. 26. “In regard to the watch list, Canada does not recognize the 301 watch list process. It basically lacks reliable and objective analysis. It's driven entirely by U.S. industry. We have repeatedly raised this issue of the lack of objective analysis in the 301 watch list process with our U.S. counterparts.” - Department of Foreign Affairs, 2007
  27. 27. 4.4 billion people
  28. 28. 13 of the top 20 countries by GDP
  29. 29. World Economic Forum - 2008 IP Rankings 1. Germany 2. UK 3. France 4. Canada 5. Japan 6. United States 7. Italy 8. Russia
  30. 30. Global IP Index 2008 1. US 2. UK 3. Germany 4. Canada 5. France 6. Japan 7. Italy 8. Russia
  31. 31. compliant with its treaty obligations
  32. 32. Many areas where Canadian law is stronger than the U.S.
  33. 33. Broadcast royalties Performance royalties Neighbouring Rights Film Exhibition Fees Private Copying Education Fees Moral Rights Creator Employment Rights Fewer Compulsory Licenses More Copyright Collectives Copyright Board of Canada No Parody No Time Shifting Crown Copyright
  34. 34. iv. Copyright in the World
  35. 35. “dmca or bust”
  36. 36. “our Clinton administration policies didn't work out very well” - Bruce Lehman, 2007
  37. 37. great flexibility
  38. 38. Reject WIPO Internet Treaties Reject Anti-Circumvention Flexibly Implement Balance Reforms
  39. 39. v. Copyright vs. Counterfeiting
  40. 40. Proceeds of Crime Trademark Provisions Border powers Mislabeling products
  41. 41. vi. Copyright Voices
  42. 42. “Excessive control by holders of copyrights and other forms of intellectual property may unduly limit the ability of the public domain to incorporate and embellish creative innovation in the long-term interests of society as a whole, or create practical obstacles to proper utilization.” - Theberge, 2002
  43. 43. Content Nine Points
  44. 44. do no harm to user rights
  45. 45. link anti-circumvention to copyright infringement
  46. 46. no ban on devices
  47. 47. flexible fair dealing
  48. 48. notice and notice
  49. 49. modernize backup provision
  50. 50. rationalize statutory damages
  51. 51. making available = distribution
  52. 52. crown copyright
  53. 53. canadaʼs choice
  54. 54. choose wisely

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