History & Visual Approaches Visual Project<br />Mark Geise<br />
Structuralism<br />Psychological approach focusing on the structure of the brain.<br />Wilhelm Wundt<br />Edward Titchener...
Functionalism<br />Psychological approach focusing on the function of mental processes.<br />William James <br />Not conce...
Behavioral Approach<br />Explaining behavior through observation of said behavior<br />Ivan Pavlov – classical conditionin...
Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Approach<br />Psychological approach focusing on the conscious and unconscious processes and ...
Humanistic Approach<br />Psychological approach emphasizing the individual and the potential for self-fulfillment<br />Abr...
Cognitive Approach<br />Psychological approach focusing on the internal processes of thought<br />Jean Piaget – cognitive ...
Biological Approach<br />Psychological approach in which concrete science is at the forefront<br />Human behavior is produ...
Evolutionary Approach<br />Psychological approach in which behavior is explained through evolutionary terms<br />All behav...
Sociocultural Approach<br />Psychological approach in which the effects of culture, politics, and society on human behavio...
Bibliography<br />Images:<br />http://paulbuckley14059.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/introspection.jpg<br />http://www.qwant...
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History & Visual Approaches Visual Project

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History & Visual Approaches Visual Project

  1. 1. History & Visual Approaches Visual Project<br />Mark Geise<br />
  2. 2. Structuralism<br />Psychological approach focusing on the structure of the brain.<br />Wilhelm Wundt<br />Edward Titchener<br />G. Stanley Hall<br /> Introspection<br />
  3. 3. Functionalism<br />Psychological approach focusing on the function of mental processes.<br />William James <br />Not concerned with where mental processes occur, but simply how observable behavior occurs.<br />
  4. 4. Behavioral Approach<br />Explaining behavior through observation of said behavior<br />Ivan Pavlov – classical conditioning<br />John Watson – Little Albert<br />BF Skinner – operant conditioning, Skinner box<br />Albert Bandura – observational learning, Bobo doll<br />Conditioning - induced fear in baby by making loud noise when coming in contact with rat; baby soon associated the rat with fear<br />
  5. 5. Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Approach<br />Psychological approach focusing on the conscious and unconscious processes and emotions that determine behavior<br />Sigmund Freud – Dreams, Unconscious, id, ego, superego<br />Carl Jung – collective unconscious, introversion, and extroversion<br />Alfred Adler – inferiority complex, birth order<br />Unconscious mind drives much of human behavior<br />
  6. 6. Humanistic Approach<br />Psychological approach emphasizing the individual and the potential for self-fulfillment<br />Abraham Maslow – self actualization, Maslow’s hierarchy<br />Carl Rogers – unconditional positive regard, active listening<br />Martin Seligman – positive psychology<br />Individual is emphasized and at the forefront of the humanistic approach<br />
  7. 7. Cognitive Approach<br />Psychological approach focusing on the internal processes of thought<br />Jean Piaget – cognitive development<br />Aaron Beck – cognitive triad<br />Hermann Ebbinghaus- memory<br />Ebbinghaus showed that increased repetition causes better memory through his experimentation<br />
  8. 8. Biological Approach<br />Psychological approach in which concrete science is at the forefront<br />Human behavior is produced through a complex biological system with the human brain and body<br />Roger Sperry – left and right sides of brain are specialized in different tasks<br />Sperry showed that the left and right hemispheres of the brain are specialized in different tasks<br />
  9. 9. Evolutionary Approach<br />Psychological approach in which behavior is explained through evolutionary terms<br />All behavior has an adaptive or evolutionary purpose<br />Edward Wilson – Sociobiology (1975) related evolution and psychology<br />Jane Goodall– chimps and humans express similar behavior in communities<br />Human behavior is explained through evolutionary terms; therefore, the roots of much of our behavior can be traced back to and still observed in chimpanzees<br />
  10. 10. Sociocultural Approach<br />Psychological approach in which the effects of culture, politics, and society on human behavior are analyzed<br />
  11. 11. Bibliography<br />Images:<br />http://paulbuckley14059.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/introspection.jpg<br />http://www.qwantz.com/fanart/functionalism.gif<br />http://www.flavinscorner.com/albert2.jpg<br />http://www.humansea.co.uk/images/unconscious-mind_sm.gif<br />http://www.smokescreendesign.com/images/Man-Leonardo-da-Vinci.jpg<br />http://www.phase-6.com/opencms/system/galleries/pics/Vokabeltrainer/forgetting_curve_en.png<br />http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/medicine/split-brain/images/eyes.gif<br />http://www.fizyka.umk.pl/~duch/ref/00/00-how-brain/hemis.gif<br />http://apenotes.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/chimp.jpg<br />

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