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  • Spotter copy

    1. 1. ANATOMY SPOTTER Mark Mitchell
    2. 2. PELVIC WALL A• MUSCLE• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    3. 3. PELVIC WALL A• MUSCLE Piriformis• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    4. 4. PELVIC WALL A• MUSCLE Piriformis• FUNCTIONLateral rotation of extended hip jointAbduction of flexed hip• INNERVATION
    5. 5. PELVIC WALL A• MUSCLE Piriformis• FUNCTIONLateral rotation of extended hip jointAbduction of flexed hip• INNERVATIONBranches from L5 - S2
    6. 6. PELVIC WALL A• MUSCLE• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    7. 7. PELVIC WALL A• MUSCLE Obturator Internus• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    8. 8. PELVIC WALL A• MUSCLE Obturator Internus• FUNCTIONLateral rotation of extended hip jointAbduction of flexed hip• INNERVATION
    9. 9. PELVIC WALL A• MUSCLE Obturator Internus• FUNCTIONLateral rotation of extended hip jointAbduction of flexed hip• INNERVATIONNerve to obturator internusL5-S1
    10. 10. PELVIC FLOOR A• MUSCLE A1 A2 A3• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    11. 11. PELVIC FLOOR A• MUSCLE Levator Ani A1 A2 A3• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    12. 12. PELVIC FLOOR A• MUSCLE Levator Ani A1 Illococcygeus A2 A3• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    13. 13. PELVIC FLOOR A• MUSCLE Levator Ani A1 Illococcygeus A2 Pubococcygeus A3• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    14. 14. PELVIC FLOOR A• MUSCLE Levator Ani A1 Illococcygeus A2 Pubococcygeus A3 Puborectalis• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    15. 15. PELVIC FLOOR A• MUSCLE Levator Ani A1 Illococcygeus A2 Pubococcygeus A3 Puborectalis• FUNCTIONFormation of pelvic floor - supportReinforces external anal sphincterFunctions as vaginal sphincter• INNERVATION
    16. 16. PELVIC FLOOR A• MUSCLE Levator Ani A1 Illococcygeus A2 Pubococcygeus A3 Puborectalis• FUNCTIONFormation of pelvic floor - supportReinforces external anal sphincterFunctions as vaginal sphincter• INNERVATIONBranches from S4 ventral ramusInferior rectal of pudendal (S2-S4)
    17. 17. PELVIC FLOOR B• MUSCLE• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    18. 18. PELVIC FLOOR B• MUSCLE Coccygeus• FUNCTION• INNERVATION
    19. 19. PELVIC FLOOR B• MUSCLE Coccygeus• FUNCTIONFormation of pelvic floor - supportPulls coccyx forward during defecation• INNERVATION
    20. 20. PELVIC FLOOR B• MUSCLE Coccygeus• FUNCTIONFormation of pelvic floor - supportPulls coccyx forward during defecation• INNERVATIONBranches from anterior rami S3-S4
    21. 21. PELVIC FLOOR C• Whats this?
    22. 22. PELVIC FLOOR C• Whats this? Anal aperture
    23. 23. PERINEAL POUCH•A•B•C•D•E•F•G•H
    24. 24. PERINEAL POUCH•A Ext urethral sphincter•B•C•D•E•F•G•H
    25. 25. PERINEAL POUCH•A Ext urethral sphincter•B Opening for urethra•C•D•E•F•G•H
    26. 26. PERINEAL POUCH•A Ext urethral sphincter•B Opening for urethra•C Opening for vagina•D•E•F•G•H
    27. 27. PERINEAL POUCH•A Ext urethral sphincter•B Opening for urethra•C Opening for vagina Deep Transverse Perineal Muscle•D•E•F•G•H
    28. 28. PERINEAL POUCH•A Ext urethral sphincter•B Opening for urethra•C Opening for vagina Deep Transverse Perineal Muscle•D•E Deep perineal pouch•F•G•H
    29. 29. PERINEAL POUCH•A Ext urethral sphincter•B Opening for urethra•C Opening for vagina Deep Transverse Perineal Muscle•D•E Deep perineal pouch•F Perineal membrane•G•H
    30. 30. PERINEAL POUCH•A Ext urethral sphincter•B Opening for urethra•C Opening for vagina Deep Transverse Perineal Muscle•D•E Deep perineal pouch•F Perineal membrane•G Compressor urethrae•H
    31. 31. PERINEAL POUCH•A Ext urethral sphincter•B Opening for urethra•C Opening for vagina Deep Transverse Perineal Muscle•D•E Deep perineal pouch•F Perineal membrane•G Compressor urethrae•H Sphincter utherovaginalis
    32. 32. LIGAMENTS•A•B•C•D
    33. 33. LIGAMENTS• A Transverse Cervical ligament•B•C•D
    34. 34. LIGAMENTS• A Transverse Cervical ligament•B Pubocervical ligament•C•D
    35. 35. LIGAMENTS• A Transverse Cervical ligament•B Pubocervical ligament•C Rectovaginal septum•D
    36. 36. LIGAMENTS• A Transverse Cervical ligament•B Pubocervical ligament•C Rectovaginal septum•D Uterosacral ligament
    37. 37. LIGAMENTS• A Transverse Cervical ligament•B Pubocervical ligament•C Rectovaginal septum•D Uterosacral ligamentIn Men?
    38. 38. LIGAMENTS• A Transverse Cervical ligament•B Pubocervical ligament•C Rectovaginal septum•D Uterosacral ligamentIn Men? Puboprostatic ligament Rectovesical septum
    39. 39. UTEROLIGAMENTS•A•B•C•D•E•F
    40. 40. UTEROLIGAMENTS• A Suspensory ligament of ovary•B•C•D•E•F
    41. 41. UTEROLIGAMENTS• A Suspensory ligament of ovary• B Mesovarium•C•D•E•F
    42. 42. UTEROLIGAMENTS• A Suspensory ligament of ovary• B Mesovarium• C Round ligament of uterus•D•E•F
    43. 43. UTEROLIGAMENTS• A Suspensory ligament of ovary• B Mesovarium• C Round ligament of uterus• D Ligament of ovary•E•F
    44. 44. UTEROLIGAMENTS• A Suspensory ligament of ovary• B Mesovarium• C Round ligament of uterus• D Ligament of ovary• E Broad ligament•F
    45. 45. UTEROLIGAMENTS• A Suspensory ligament of ovary• B Mesovarium• C Round ligament of uterus• D Ligament of ovary• E Broad ligament• F Ovarian vessels
    46. 46. UTEROLIGAMENTS• A Suspensory ligament of ovary• B Mesovarium• C Round ligament of uterus• D Ligament of ovary• E Broad ligament• F Ovarian vesselsBONUS: Other parts of broad ligament?
    47. 47. UTEROLIGAMENTS• A Suspensory ligament of ovary• B Mesovarium• C Round ligament of uterus• D Ligament of ovary• E Broad ligament• F Ovarian vesselsBONUS: Other parts of broad ligament?Mesopalpinx & mesometrium
    48. 48. HISTOLOGY• What organ is this?• Layer A• Layer B• Layer C
    49. 49. HISTOLOGY• What organ is this? Uterus• Layer A• Layer B• Layer C
    50. 50. HISTOLOGY• What organ is this? Uterus• Layer A Endometium• Layer B• Layer C
    51. 51. HISTOLOGY• What organ is this? Uterus• Layer A Endometium• Layer B Myometrium• Layer C
    52. 52. HISTOLOGY• What organ is this? Uterus• Layer A Endometium• Layer B Myometrium• Layer C Perimetrium
    53. 53. HISTOLOGY What sub-layers does endometrium consist?How do these changes during cycle
    54. 54. HISTOLOGY What sub-layers does endometrium consist? Epithelial Layer Stratum basalis Stratum functionalisHow do these changes during cycle
    55. 55. HISTOLOGY What sub-layers does endometrium consist? Epithelial Layer Stratum basalis Stratum functionalisHow do these changes during cycleStratum basalis undergoes littlechangeStratum functionalis - functionallayer
    56. 56. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing•A•B•C
    57. 57. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Primary follicle with primary oocyte O1•A•B•C
    58. 58. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Primary follicle with primary oocyte O1•A Primordial follicle•B•C
    59. 59. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Primary follicle with primary oocyte O1•A Primordial follicle•B Zona pellucida•C
    60. 60. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Primary follicle with primary oocyte O1•A Primordial follicle•B Zona pellucida•C Zona Granulosa
    61. 61. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing•A•B•C•D
    62. 62. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Secondary follicle with primary oocyte O1•A•B•C•D
    63. 63. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Secondary follicle with primary oocyte O1•A Theca Externa•B•C•D
    64. 64. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Secondary follicle with primary oocyte O1•A Theca Externa•B Theca interna•C•D
    65. 65. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Secondary follicle with primary oocyte O1•A Theca Externa•B Theca interna•C Follicular antrum•D
    66. 66. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Secondary follicle with primary oocyte O1•A Theca Externa•B Theca interna•C Follicular antrum•D Zona granulosa
    67. 67. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Secondary follicle with primary oocyte O1 BONUS:•A Theca Externa TI and TE originate from What does•B Theca interna are their functions What•C Follicular antrum•D Zona granulosa
    68. 68. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Secondary follicle with primary oocyte O1 BONUS:•A Theca Externa TI and TE originate from What does•B Stroma cells Theca interna are their functions What•C Follicular antrum•D Zona granulosa
    69. 69. HISTOLOGY OVARY• What is this showing Secondary follicle with primary oocyte O1 BONUS:•A Theca Externa TI and TE originate from What does•B Stroma cells Theca interna are their functions What•C TI release Oestrogen Follicular antrum•D Zona granulosa
    70. 70. HISTOLOGY• What is this showing•A•BFunction of A
    71. 71. HISTOLOGY• What is this showing Seminiferous tubule of testis•A•BFunction of A
    72. 72. HISTOLOGY• What is this showing Seminiferous tubule of testis•A Sertoli Cell•BFunction of A
    73. 73. HISTOLOGY• What is this showing Seminiferous tubule of testis•A Sertoli Cell•B SpermatogoniaFunction of A
    74. 74. HISTOLOGY• What is this showing Seminiferous tubule of testis•A Sertoli Cell•B SpermatogoniaFunction of A secretion of spermatogenesis factors regulate leydig cells secrete inhibin (regulate hormone production) secrete tubular fluid Phagocytosis of discarded sperm cytoplasm
    75. 75. HISTOLOGY• What is this showingFunction of AWhere found?
    76. 76. HISTOLOGY• What is this showing Leydig CellsFunction of AWhere found?
    77. 77. HISTOLOGY• What is this showing Leydig CellsFunction of A Secrete TesosteroneWhere found?
    78. 78. HISTOLOGY• What is this showing Leydig CellsFunction of A Secrete TesosteroneWhere found?Interstital supporting tissue between seminiferous tubules

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